TOK Presentation-Nature or Nurture


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TOK Presentation-Nature or Nurture

  1. 1. Nature or Nurture Are we the product of our environment? Are we the product of our environment? Andreas Grafe & Humam Smadi
  2. 2. Definitions <ul><li>We define... as... </li></ul><ul><li>Product: the result of a number of influential factors </li></ul><ul><li>Environment: everything that surrounds us and affects us </li></ul>
  3. 3. Thesis <ul><li>We believe that our environment is a major determinant for our self (personality and characteristic) but only defines us to a certain extent whilst there are other factors that make us us such as nature. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why we chose this topic <ul><li>Activity: How many of you have seen these types of people? </li></ul>
  5. 5. AOKs we will cover <ul><li>Human sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Sciences </li></ul>
  6. 6. Claim <ul><li>See: With our eyes, we can see the different clothes and body languages people have in different countries and cultures around us and can identify if they are affected by their environment. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Counter: Clothes do not necessarily have to reflect the environment (non-physical) of people as people must wear clothes in public and have no choice by public law. </li></ul><ul><li>Counter Counter: Even so, some people still buy the latest trends in clothing although they could be fine with simple clothing (plain t-shirts & jeans). Religious people still wear their cultural/religious clothes. </li></ul>...
  8. 8. ... <ul><li>Counter: Anyone can use and learn body language no matter from what environment or social level they are from, therefore making it difficult to conclude that these two are related. </li></ul><ul><li>Counter Counter: Even so, certain people from different social levels would not use certain body language because they are unaware of them or find them inappropriate. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Claim <ul><li>Hear: The choice in certain genres of music can depict how people are products of their environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Counter: But then this would mean that everyone with the same choice in music would come from the same environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Also, the environment cannot be the only influence for people’s choice in music as most people have more than one type of music they listen to. </li></ul>
  10. 10. ... <ul><li>Counter counter: Although this may be true, people will still experience situations similar to others and will develop a taste in similar genres. Some people have been raised and influenced in similar ways like others and thus share similarities. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Claim <ul><li>Smell: Smells of odors or perfumes we notice in certain places more commonly can be dependent upon the taste of people affected by their environment in those places. </li></ul><ul><li>Counter: Smell is relative as the sensibility to different smells changes from person to person because our sensibility is genetically determined. </li></ul>
  12. 12. ... <ul><li>Counter Counter: People in the same culture/area/environment may have similar “olfactory receptors” and may thus present similarity among themselves. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Claim <ul><li>Language: Language spoken directly lets us determine whether or not people are affected by their environment. </li></ul><ul><li>This is noticeable by: Formal, Informal/Colloquial use of language and pronunciation of words </li></ul>
  14. 14. ... <ul><li>Counter: There is not necessarily a relationship between language and level of society (or environment) as a strong minority chooses the way they speak to be part of a group or to be different from others. Also a person may become homeless and live on the street but still talk in perfect english. </li></ul><ul><li>Counter Counter: In most cases, people speak the way they do unaware of it and unconcerned about it which shows that they are naturally affected by their environment. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Claim <ul><li>Emotions: Use of emotions towards different situations can reveal whether or not our environment affects/has affected us. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of certain emotions towards topics different in our culture (e.g. Jokes whether funny or not) </li></ul><ul><li>Use of certain emotions based on other factors such as religious or moral discipline. </li></ul>
  16. 16. ... <ul><li>Counter: Certain emotions can vary from person to person because of personal experiences (whether good or bad ones). </li></ul><ul><li>Counter Counter: Attitude due to personal experiences however is also a result of being affected by the environment. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Are we really the product of our environment? <ul><li>Physically: Yes </li></ul><ul><li>Firstly, we start off as part of our genes by nature </li></ul><ul><li>Then, our environment provides food for growth </li></ul><ul><li>Depending on our kind of food our body develops differently and we tend to be different </li></ul><ul><li>Our body adapts to our environment depending on location </li></ul><ul><li>We spend our whole lives reacting towards our environment physically when we grow up </li></ul>
  18. 18. ...Continued... <ul><li>Non-physically: To a certain extent </li></ul><ul><li>Are: </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by other people (e.g. Parents, Friends) </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by the way we have been brought up </li></ul><ul><li>The situations we encounter during our life change our opinions/views </li></ul><ul><li>Are not: </li></ul><ul><li>Our environment offers us opportunities for which we can choose who we want to be </li></ul>
  19. 19. Nature or Nurture? <ul><li>&quot;Which, nature or nurture, contributes more to personality?&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>“ Which contributes more to the area of a rectangle, its length or its width?&quot; - Psychologist Donald Hebb </li></ul>
  20. 20. What do you think?...