What is it?: In the "nature vs nurture"
debate, nature refers to
an individual's innate
In the "nature vs nurture"
debate, nurture refers to
(i.e. empiricism or
Example: Nature is your genes.
The physical and
determined by your
genes stay the same
irrespective of where you
were born and raised.
Nurture refers to your
childhood, or how you
were brought up.
Someone could be born
with genes to give them
a normal height, but be
childhood, resulting in
stunted growth and a
failure to develop as
Factors: Biological and family
Social and environmental
language is innate to humans
Chomsky says that humans are 'programmed'
Their brains are incredibly large for an animal, yet they still
cannot talk. Scientists experimented with a chimp by
raising it as a child and attempting to teach it to talk in the
same way we do to children, but the experiment failed,
proving not even chimps can speak the way humans do.
B. F. Skinner
• language is acquired through principles of
conditioning, including association, imitation,
• children learn words by associating sounds
with objects, actions, and events.
Anatomy our bodies being slightly more
developed than other animals.
humans just copy what
others do in their
Brain sections in the brain dedicated to
the left side of the brain is for language;
the back of the brain for understanding
speech; the front of the brain for
speaking and word retrieval.
Animal’s brains aren't
advanced enough to think,
just as their brains aren't
advanced enough for speech,
like ours are.
They communicate their
basic needs through either
body language or basic
Genes Gene FoxP2, discovered some years ago,
was found to control speech and around
the mouth area on the face.
IMPORTANCE OF BOTH NATURE AND
NURTURE IN LANGUAGE
• Humans do have an innate capacity for acquiring the
rules of language.
• Children develop language skills through interaction
with others rather than acquire the knowledge