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ALOPECIA
BY AMIT NEWTON
DEFINITION
• Alopecia is defined as the loss of hair from areas where hair
normally grows
• Partial or complete baldness or loss of hair
Forms of Alopecia
• Alopecia areata (AA)
• Alopecia Totalis (AT)
• Alopecia Universalis (AU)
• Alopecia Barbae
• Androgenetic Alopecia (AGA)
• Scarring Alopecias (Cicatricial Alopecias)
Alopecia Areata (AA)
• It’s a non-life-threatening disease of
your immune system that affects the hair
on your scalp. With this condition, your
body mistakenly views your hair follicles
as an enemy. Your body attacks the hair
follicles.
Alopecia Totalis (AT)
It isn’t the same as localized
alopecia areata. Localized alopecia
areata causes round patches of hair
loss on the scalp, but alopecia
totalis causes complete baldness of
the scalp
Alopecia Universalis (AU)
• Alopecia universalis (AU) or alopecia areata
universalis is involving loss of all hair,
including eyebrows and eyelashes. It is an
advanced form of alopecia areata.
• Alopecia universalis can occur at any age,
and is currently believed to be an
autoimmune disorder, in which a person's
immune system attacks the hair follicles.
Genetic factors may contribute to AU as
approximately 20% of those affected have a
family member with alopecia.
Alopecia barbae
• Alopecia barbae is an autoimmune
condition where your hair follicles are
attacked by your own body, causing
patchy hair loss. Commonly, hair loss
occurs in small circular patches, often
along the jawline, though you may lose
all of your beard hair.
Androgenetic Alopecia (AGA)
• It is also known as male pattern baldness or female pattern
baldness. It is a thinning of hair to an almost transparent state, in
both men or women.
• In both men and women, its linked to having an excess of male
hormones (androgens) around the hair follicles, which can block
heir growth.
• Women are more likely to develop androgenic alopecia after
menopause, when they have fewer female hormones
Androgenetic Alopecia (AGA)
Scarring Alopecias ( Cicatricial Alopecias)
• Scarring Alopecias is a rare disorder which
cause permanent hair loss.
• Caused by any inflammatory processes which
causes permanent damage to hair follicles.
(Burns, bacterial infections, autoimmune
disease)
Causes
• Exposure to allergens, irritants, toxins,
burns, injuries, and infections.
• Certain medications (especially anabolic
steroids like testosterone)
• Chronic kidney failure
• Radiation and chemotherapy
• Malnutrition
Treatment
• Although hirs loss rarely needs to be treated, many people sek
treatment for cosmetic reasons.
• There is no cure for alopecia and no universally proven therapy to
induce hair re-growth.
• Many cases of hair loss are temporary, for example, due to
chemotherapy, or they ‘re a natural part of aging and don’t need
treatment.
• If hair loss is caused by an infection the underlying problem may
help prevent further hair loss.
Finasteride
• It acts by preventing the hormone testosterone being converted to
the heir follicles to regain their normal size.
• The balding process usually resumes within six to 12 months if
treatment is stopped.
Minoxidil
• Minoxidil is available as a lotion you rub on
your scalp every day.
• It’s not clear how minoxidil works, but
evidence suggest it can cause hair regrowth
in some men.
• Minoxidil is currently the only medicine
available to treat female-pattern baldness.
Corticosteroid injection
• Act by suppressing the immune system.
• This is useful in alopecia Areata because
the condition is thought to be caused by
the immune system damaging the hair
follicles.
Retin A/ Tretinoin
• Retin- A was originally used for the treatment of acne and other skin
problems.
• However studies have shown that Retin-A, when used alone in the form
of a get, which is rubbed onto the area of hair loss, or in combination
with topical Minoxidil can result in moderate to good hair growth in
individual with Alopecia.
• Immunosuppressive drugs
• Ultraviolet light treatment
• Wigs (Synthetic wig- made of acrylic, made of acrylic, Real hair wigs
• Hair transplant
Alopacia

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Alopacia

  • 2. DEFINITION • Alopecia is defined as the loss of hair from areas where hair normally grows • Partial or complete baldness or loss of hair
  • 3. Forms of Alopecia • Alopecia areata (AA) • Alopecia Totalis (AT) • Alopecia Universalis (AU) • Alopecia Barbae • Androgenetic Alopecia (AGA) • Scarring Alopecias (Cicatricial Alopecias)
  • 4. Alopecia Areata (AA) • It’s a non-life-threatening disease of your immune system that affects the hair on your scalp. With this condition, your body mistakenly views your hair follicles as an enemy. Your body attacks the hair follicles.
  • 5. Alopecia Totalis (AT) It isn’t the same as localized alopecia areata. Localized alopecia areata causes round patches of hair loss on the scalp, but alopecia totalis causes complete baldness of the scalp
  • 6. Alopecia Universalis (AU) • Alopecia universalis (AU) or alopecia areata universalis is involving loss of all hair, including eyebrows and eyelashes. It is an advanced form of alopecia areata. • Alopecia universalis can occur at any age, and is currently believed to be an autoimmune disorder, in which a person's immune system attacks the hair follicles. Genetic factors may contribute to AU as approximately 20% of those affected have a family member with alopecia.
  • 7. Alopecia barbae • Alopecia barbae is an autoimmune condition where your hair follicles are attacked by your own body, causing patchy hair loss. Commonly, hair loss occurs in small circular patches, often along the jawline, though you may lose all of your beard hair.
  • 8. Androgenetic Alopecia (AGA) • It is also known as male pattern baldness or female pattern baldness. It is a thinning of hair to an almost transparent state, in both men or women. • In both men and women, its linked to having an excess of male hormones (androgens) around the hair follicles, which can block heir growth. • Women are more likely to develop androgenic alopecia after menopause, when they have fewer female hormones
  • 10. Scarring Alopecias ( Cicatricial Alopecias) • Scarring Alopecias is a rare disorder which cause permanent hair loss. • Caused by any inflammatory processes which causes permanent damage to hair follicles. (Burns, bacterial infections, autoimmune disease)
  • 11. Causes • Exposure to allergens, irritants, toxins, burns, injuries, and infections. • Certain medications (especially anabolic steroids like testosterone) • Chronic kidney failure • Radiation and chemotherapy • Malnutrition
  • 12. Treatment • Although hirs loss rarely needs to be treated, many people sek treatment for cosmetic reasons. • There is no cure for alopecia and no universally proven therapy to induce hair re-growth. • Many cases of hair loss are temporary, for example, due to chemotherapy, or they ‘re a natural part of aging and don’t need treatment. • If hair loss is caused by an infection the underlying problem may help prevent further hair loss.
  • 13. Finasteride • It acts by preventing the hormone testosterone being converted to the heir follicles to regain their normal size. • The balding process usually resumes within six to 12 months if treatment is stopped.
  • 14. Minoxidil • Minoxidil is available as a lotion you rub on your scalp every day. • It’s not clear how minoxidil works, but evidence suggest it can cause hair regrowth in some men. • Minoxidil is currently the only medicine available to treat female-pattern baldness.
  • 15. Corticosteroid injection • Act by suppressing the immune system. • This is useful in alopecia Areata because the condition is thought to be caused by the immune system damaging the hair follicles.
  • 16. Retin A/ Tretinoin • Retin- A was originally used for the treatment of acne and other skin problems. • However studies have shown that Retin-A, when used alone in the form of a get, which is rubbed onto the area of hair loss, or in combination with topical Minoxidil can result in moderate to good hair growth in individual with Alopecia. • Immunosuppressive drugs • Ultraviolet light treatment • Wigs (Synthetic wig- made of acrylic, made of acrylic, Real hair wigs • Hair transplant