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OS in FP9/JC Burgelman


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Presented during the SA-EU Dialogue Facility, 15-16 May 2018.

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OS in FP9/JC Burgelman

  1. 1. OS in FP9 Jc Burgelman. DG RTD RSA OS policy Workshop 15-april 2018 (via Skype)
  2. 2. 2016 – HOLISTIC POLICY AGENDA SCOPE & AMBITIONS … 4 with regard to the use & management of research results and data  Open Data: FAIR data sharing is the default for funding scientific research  Science cloud: All EU researchers are able to deposit, access and analyse European scientific data through the open science cloud, without leaving their desk  Altmetrics: Alternative metrics (next generation metrix) to complement conventional indicators for research quality and impact (e.g. Journal Impact Factors and citations)  Future of scholarly communication: All peer reviewed scientific publications are freely accessible 2 8 policy priorities decided in 2016
  3. 3. … 4 with regard to relations with research actors (researchers, institutions and funders)  Rewards: The European research career evaluation system fully acknowledges Open Science activities  Research Integrity: All publicly funded research in the EU adheres to commonly agreed Open Science Standards of Research Integrity  Education and skills: All young scientists in Europe have the necessary skills and support to apply Open Science research routines and practices  Citizen Science: CS significantly contribute and are recognised as valid knowledge producers of European science 3
  4. 4. Open Science Policy now • Mandatory Open Access to Publications: 2014: mandatory 2018: launch of Open Access Publishing Platform (stand-alone peer reviewed scientific articles and pre-prints from H2020 projects) • Mandatory Open Access to research data: 2017: ORD Pilot (2014) extended to entire H2020; Data is as open as possible, as closed as necessary; FAIR Research DMPs; 2018: Revised Recommendation on Scientific Information • European Open Science Cloud: 2018: launch of the 1st phase (adoption SWD) • Rewards and Skills 2017: new matrix proposed
  5. 5. • The 'Lamy report' proposes a new FP that fully supports OS at all levels • The new FP will probably strengthen & clarify current open access requirements, and incentivize and reward OS • OS should also be considered from our side as a funder (in the evaluation of proposals, monitoring of the impact of "FP9" etc.) Open science Policy in FP9
  6. 6. How to make FP9 Open science “radiant’’ FP9: beyond Open Access (publications and data) to embrace & incentivise OS as modus operandi for research and science • FP9 clarifies and strengthens the OA obligations, • FP9 empowers authors of scientific publications, • FP9 is home of FAIR data sharing while complying with IPR rules and exploitation obligations set in the GA • FP9 broadens OA (with opting out options) to other research output • FP9 promotes compliance with 'Open Science principles' through a combination of obligations and incentives • FP9 further implements sanctions for those beneficiaries significantly failing to provide open access, requiring institutions to assume responsibility for their intellectual output • FP9 introduces the use of 'next generation' metrics for better assessing the systemic impact of research output and the engagement in Open Science by researchers and their institutions Note: where necessary, justified exemptions remain possible (‘as open as possible as closed as needed’)
  7. 7. (1) FAIR AND OPEN DATA Actions • • Ensuring, through the Model Grant Agreement, that research data is open by default according to the principle 'as open as possible, as closed as necessary'. • • Making the development and implementation of a DMP an obligation and a mandatory element of the Model Grant Agreement for all projects (even if opt out) • • Ensuring that Research Data Management is carried out in compliance with the FAIR principles in order to be EOSC compatible 8 policy priorities Future actions
  8. 8. (2) EUROPEAN OPEN SCIENCE CLOUD Actions • • Launching FAIR-conformant certification schemes that ensure compliance with the FAIR principles • • Introducing an obligation to store all FP9-funded research data in the EOSC (i.e. in one of the data repositories being part of EOSC infrastructure) • • Creating a formal entity for further development of the EOSC (2nd phase)
  9. 9. (3) NEXT GENERATION METRICS Actions • • Introducing complementary indicators to the HI ones that measure the effect and impact of Open Science for the researcher and in the research system as • • Introducing additional, 'next generation', indicators providing information on the systemic impact of research outputs in society
  10. 10. (4) OPEN ACCESS AND THE FUTURE OF SCHOLARLY COMMUNICATION Actions • • Introducing requirements for beneficiaries to maintain enough rights to fulfil their open access obligations in FP9 (not handing over as such to premium practices) • • Crafting mandatory technical standards for the persistent identification of digital objects and publication repositories • • Launching a robust, formalised and automated monitoring system with sanctions to ensure compliance with FP9 • • Promoting the early sharing of publications and other outputs in OA mode (e.g. fully reimburse APCs for publication in DOAJ, whereas no reimbursement vis-à-vis hybrid journals (the "transition period" invocated by a number of journals is expected to come to an end in the next few years) • • Supporting activities that promote a sustainable and innovative scholarly communications ecosystem (e.g. our own ORE platform)
  11. 11. (5) OPEN SCIENCE SKILLS Actions • • Adopting the qualification frameworks for Open Science skills • • Providing training and development for researchers seeking to acquire and improve their skills
  12. 12. (6) OPEN SCIENCE REWARDS Actions • • Introducing an Open Science label to recognise universities which embody modern, collaborative practices. • • Encouraging uptake and dissemination of the Open Science Career Assessment Matrix (CAM), developed in cooperation with stakeholders
  13. 13. (7) RESEARCH INTEGRITY Actions • • Preparing for FP9 Research Integrity guidelines specifically addressing Open Science • • Enhancing in FP9 the funding of research that fosters the uptake of OS and Research Integrity principles • • Adapting the European Code of Conduct for RI in order to further support the development of OS in Europe • • Foreseeing in the FP9 Model Grant Agreement minimum scientific quality requirements (e. g. publishing research protocols) to facilitate reproducibility of research funded under H2020
  14. 14. (8) CITIZEN SCIENCE Actions • • Ensuring funding for citizen science • • Setting specific Key Performance and Impact Indicators linked to citizen science activities