AGENDAWhat is investment ?Why invest ?Where invest ?An Introduction to Financial MarketTypes of Financial MarketConclusion
What is Investment ?Money we earn is partly spent and rest saved for meeting futureexpenses. Instead of keeping the savings idle we like to use savings inorder to get return on it in the future. This is called Investment.
Why Invest ?Earn Return on idle resourcesGenerate sum of money for specified goal in lifeMake provision for uncertain futureTo meet the cost of inflation
An Introduction to Financial MarketIn economics, a financial market is a mechanism thatallows people to easily buy & sell (trade) financialsecurities ( such as stocks & bonds ), commodities( such as precious metals or agricultural goods ).
Types of Financial Market Capital Commodity Money market Market Market Financial MarketDerivatives Insurance Foreign Market Market Exchange Market
Options for Retail InvestorEquityDebtMutual FundsFixed Deposits with BanksPost office schemesGoldReal EstateInsurance
Equity Shares• It commonly referred to as ordinary share represents the form of fractional ownership in a business venture.• Equity shareholders have the right to get dividends as declared.
DEBTThis instrument represents contract whereby oneparty lend money to another on pre-determinedterms with regards to rate and periodicity ofinterest, repayment of principle amount by theborrower to the lender.
Classification of DEBTBONDS: Issued by Govt.(Central and State),Public Sector OrganisationDEBENTURES: Issued by Private Corporate Sector.
Mutual FundA Mutual fund is a collective investment vehicle that pools together investor money. This collective pool of money is invested in accordance to stated objective.Mutual Funds are : A large pool of resources Managed by professionals Diversified investment for lower risk & better return
Fixed Deposits with BanksIt allows an investor to deposit a lump sum of money for a fixed period ranging from a few weeks to a few year and earn a pre-determined rate of interest.Guaranteed Returns depends upon term.Safe and Secured Investments
Post Office SchemesOffered by Govt. of IndiaSafe, secure and risk-free InvestmentNo Tax deduction at source (TDS)Transferable to any post office in IndiaAttractive Rate of InterestPost office monthly income schemeKisan Vikas PatraNational Savings certificatePublic Provident Fund
GOLDPhysical Gold in the form of bars and coinsGold accounts in banks where units in the gold a/c in the banks are backed up by physical gold held in the bank and bank gives assurance that the investor can convert the gold back to cash anytime.
Real Estate InvestmentFinancial instrument that invests primarily in the real estate such as offices, apartments, shopping centres, hotels etc.Tend to pay high returns( often as high as 10%)Attractive investment opportunity when the stock market is falling.
InsuranceA promise of compensation for specific potential future losses in exchange for a periodic payment. Now it is considered as a investment tool also:ULIPsTraditional Plans
ConclusionInvestors looks at superior returns and measuredrisk therefore he has to select a dynamicallybalanced asset allocation mix consisting of thedifferent investment options available in theFinancial Market.