Symbols of Pakistan 6Choudhary Rahmat Ali gave the name Pakistan to thenewly born state of the Muslims. He devised the word andfirst published it in the article written by him as "Now orNever“ on 28th January 1933. He constructed the name asan acronym of the different regions constituting the country,which is described as: P for Punjab, A for Afghania (Nowknown as Khyber Pakhtunkhwa), K for Kashmir, S forSindh and the suffix -stan from Balochistan, thus forming"Pakstan". An "i" was inserted later for ease inpronunciation. The suffix -stan in Persian means, "homeof" and in Sanskrit means, "place". The Persian word pāk,which means "pure", adds a beautiful shade of meaning, withthe full name thus meaning "land of the pure".The name was criticized for not including Bangladesh in it.
Symbols of Pakistan 7The flag was adopted on August 11, 1947. The white color represents minoritieswhereas green color represents Muslim majority population of the country. In thecentre, the crescent and star which is traditional symbol of Islam, symbolizesprogress and light for the nation respectively.
Symbols of Pakistan 8Minar-e-Pakistan was built at the same place where Qarardad-e-Pakistan wasunanimously approved by All-India Muslim League on 23rd of March 1940. The minarwas opened for public visits on March 23, 1969.
Symbols of Pakistan 10Independence Day (Youm-e-Azadi), observed annually on 14th ofAugust, is a national holiday in Pakistan, for celebration of the day whenPakistan came into being and was declared an independent andsovereign state, following the end of the British Raj in India on August14, 1947. Pakistan came into existence as a result of the political struggleby Pakistan Movement, that was aimed for the creation of anindependent and sovereign Muslim state by making the partition of north-western region of the Indian subcontinent. The movement was led by All-India Muslim League under the dynamic leadership of Quaid-e-AzamMuhammad Ali Jinnah. The division of sub-continent was brought forthby Indian Independence Act 1947 in which the British IndianEmpire was divided into two new states — the Dominion of India (laterRepublic of India) and the Dominion of Pakistan (later IslamicRepublic of Pakistan) which included West Pakistan and EastPakistan (now known as Bangladesh).
Symbols of Pakistan 11Objectives’ Resolution(commonly known as Qarardad-e-Maqasid)was unanimously passed on March23,1940 in the procession of All-IndiaMuslim League held at Lahore.This resolution was the formal demandfor the separate homeland for theMuslims of South-East Asia.
Significant Events of PakistanMovement in Chronological OrderSymbols of Pakistan 13# Event Date / Year1 All-India Muslim League was set up December 30, 19062 Khanpur mosque incident 19133 Quaid-e-Azam joined All-India Muslim League 19134 Lucknow Pact 19165 Rowlatt Act 19196 Khilafat Movement 19197 Jallianwalla Bagh incident 19198 Simon Report 19279 Nehru Report 1928
Symbols of Pakistan 14Significant Events of PakistanMovement in Chronological Order(continues)# Event Date / Year10 Mohammad Ali Jinnah’s 14 points 192911 Round Table Conferences 1930-3212 Pakistan Resolution March 23, 194013 Cripps Mission 194214 Plan of Independence June 03, 194715 Independence of Pakistan August 14, 1947
Symbols of Pakistan 15The national anthem of Pakistan was written by Aboul Asr HafeezJallandhary and the tune was composed by A.P.Chagla. The nationalanthem was adopted on August 13, 1954.
Quaid-e-Azam, Founder & Father of the NationSymbols of Pakistan 181876 - 1948
Symbols of Pakistan 19Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah is the greatest political leader of the muslims ofIndian sub-continent. He was a successful lawyer, a great statesmen, a brilliantparliamentarian and a seasoned politician.He was born on 25th of December 1876 in Karachi. He completed his basic education fromKarachi and went to England for the study of law. He completed his Bar-at-Law in 1896.Thereafter, he started his legal practice in Bombay. He became a renowned lawyer within ashort period of time. He was an active member of Congress from 1904 till 1913. He joinedAll-India Muslim League (AIML) in 1913. He became president of AIML in 1916 for thefirst time and held this position till the independence of Pakistan.He persuaded Congress leaders for accepting separate electorates for the Muslims(Lucknow Pact ,1916). He contested and won elections in 1915, 1923, 1926 and 1934. Herejected MDKC Gandhis Non-cooperation Movement in 1920 and Nehru Report in 1928.He gave his famous 14 points agenda in 1929 for the resolution of problems of the Muslims.He attended all Roundtable Table Conferences held during 1930-1932 as a leader fromAIML. He demanded a separate homeland for the Muslims in AIML procession held on 23rdMarch 1940 at Lahore. In the next seven years, he struggled politically and obtained acountry for the Muslims. After the creation of Pakistan, he became the first GovernorGeneral of Pakistan. The great leader passed away on September 11, 1948 in Karachi.
Poet & PhilosopherSymbols of Pakistan 211873 - 1938
Mother of the NationSymbols of Pakistan 221893-1967
Symbols of Pakistan 23Liaquat Ali Khan, Chaudhry Khaliquzzaman Zafar Ali KhanAllama Mohammad Iqbal A.K. Fazlul Huq Shaukat Hayat KhanMuhammad Zafarullah Khan Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar Jan Muhammad JunejoAga Khan III Jogendra Nath Mandal Abdul Qayyum KhanFatima Jinnah Victor Turner Mohsin-ul-MulkBahadur Yar Jung Raana Liaquat Ali Khan Waqar-ul-MulkHuseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy Choudhry Rahmat Ali Shahzada Rehmatullah KhanSaddozaiIbrahim Ismail Chundrigar Dr. Ziauddin Ahmed Qazi Muhammad EssaKhawaja Nazimuddin Jalal-ud-din Jalal Baba Chaudhry Naseer Ahmad MalhiMaulana Mohammad AliJauharSikandar Hayat Khan Maulana Shaukat Ali
Javed MiandadHe is Pakistans leading run scorer (8,832) in Test cricket. He is widelyknown for his historic last ball big sixer against India in 1986 atSharjah Cricket Ground, when 4 runs were required to win against thearch rival.Symbols of Pakistan 55
Wasim AkramRegarded as one of the greatest fast bowlersin the history of cricket.Symbols of Pakistan 56
Zaheer AbbassKnown as Asian Bradman. Regarded as one of thefinest batsman produced by the country.Symbols of Pakistan 57
Inzamam ul HaqOne of the greatest batsman in the world.Symbols of Pakistan 58
Waqar YounisWidely regarded as one of the greatest fast bowlers of all time. Histrademark was his ability to reverse swing a ball at high speed.Symbols of Pakistan 59
Shahid Khan AfridiA thrilling cricketer from Pakistan. Holds record for the fastest 50 in ODI.Widely regarded as Boom Boom Afridi because of his aggressive hittingon the crease. He is one of the best all-rounders of Pakistani Cricket.Symbols of Pakistan 60
Saeed AjmalWith his effective doosra and other varieties, he is considered as thebest spinner in modern world of cricket.Symbols of Pakistan 61
Abdur RazzaqOne of the best all-rounders produced by Pakistani Cricket.Symbols of Pakistan 62
Saeed AnwarScored 20 centuries for Pakistan in ODIs which are highest as of now.Symbols of Pakistan 63
Shoaib AkhtarThe speed star in the world of cricket. Holds record forfastest ball in cricket.Symbols of Pakistan 64
He is the winner of the 1994 IBSF WorldSnooker Championship &2006 IBSF World MastersChampionshipSymbols of Pakistan65He is the winner of 2012 IBSFWorld Snooker Championship
Symbols of Pakistan 66The music genera of Pakistan are unique.They include diverse musical influencesranging from South Asia, CentralAsia, Persia, Turkish, Arabic to modernday Western popular music. With suchdiverse influences, a distinctive Pakistanisound of music has been formed. Somenotable singers who gave strong andimpressive international appearances arethere on next few slides.
Symbols of Pakistan 80# CountryLength ofInternationalBorder inKilometersDirection1 Afghanistan 2643 North-West2 China 510 North3 Iran 912 West4 India 2910 EastTotal 6975
Symbols of Pakistan 81Pakistan army is one of the most professional armed forces on theface of earth. They have a mandate to defend the territorial integrityof the country at any cost. They have proven their mettle against themany times bigger adversary. Pakistani people take great pride intheir dedication for fulfilling their duties.According to International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS),the army has an active force of 620,000 personnel in 2012. Theyhave their strength not in their numbers but in their skills, bravery,courage, dedication, commitment and above all faith in ALLAH.They have always been ahead of any institution in the country whenthere is an internal or external threat to the security and sanctity ofthe country.Pakistan army is equipped with the best weapons in the world.Pakistan Navy, Pakistan Marines and Pakistan Air Force providethem more strength to their maneuverability.
The State Emblem was adopted in 1954. It symbolizesPakistans ideological foundation, the basis of itseconomy, its cultural heritage and its guidingprinciples. The four components of the emblem are acrescent and star crest above a shield, which issurrounded by a wreath, below which is a scroll. Thecrest and the green color of the emblem are traditionalsymbols of Islam. The quartered shield in the centreshows cotton, wheat, tea and jute, which were themajor crops of Pakistan at the time of independencewhich signify the agricultural base of theeconomy. The floral wreath, surrounding the shield,emphasizes the cultural heritage of Pakistan. Thescroll supporting the shield contains Muhammad AliJinnahs motto in Urdu, which reads from right to leftas “Imaan, Ittehad, Nazm“ that is translated as"Faith, Unity, Discipline" which are thefundamental and guiding principles for Pakistanis.Symbols of Pakistan 84
Symbols of Pakistan 85National language Urdu (However, English is Official Language)National flower Common Jasmine adopted on 15/07/1961.National tree Deodar (Himalayan Cedar)National animal Markhor (Himalayan Goat-Antelope)National bird Chukar (Red-legged Partridge)National game Field HockeyNational mosque Faisal Mosque, IslamabadNational mausoleum Mazar-e-QuaidNational drink Sugar cane Juice (Rhou)National monument Pakistan MonumentNational Library National Library of PakistanNational currency RupeeCentral bank State Bank of Pakistan
Symbols of Pakistan 96# Description Ranked1Largest Irrigation system in the world(Pakistan has 40,000 miles long canal system)1st2 Largest population in the Muslim countries (more than 180 million) 2nd3Largest rock-salt reserves in the world(Khewra salt-mine is the 2nd largest in the world)2nd4Largest artificial jungle in the world(Changa Manga covers an areas of 12,000 acres.)1st5Atomic power(Pakistan tested its nuclear devices on May 28 & 30, 1998)7th6The largest graveyard in the world(Thatta in Sindh covers an area of 6 square miles)1st7The largest mosque in the world(Faisal Mosque, Islamabad )1st8Highest road in the world(Karakoram Highway, 10,200 feet above sea level)1st
Symbols of Pakistan 97# Description Ranked9Highest frontline in the world(Siachin Glacier is 17,000 -- 20,000 feet high above the sea level and is47 miles in length approximately)1st10Highest mountain peak(K-2 is 28, 269 feet high above the sea level)2nd11Highest mountain pass(Muztagh Pass is 19,030 feet high above the sea level)2nd12Largest land area of a country has(796,095 square kilometers)34th13 Sea area, Arabian sea, covering 1,492,000 square miles 3rd14Cricket(World Champion in ODIs (1992) & T-20 (2009) , once in each format)-15Hockey(World Champion 4 times & Olympic Champion 3 times)-16Snooker(World Champions: Muhammad Yousaf & Mohammad Asif )-
Symbols of Pakistan 98# Description Ranked17 Largest copper reserves 7th18 Largest coal reserves 5th19 Largest wheat production 8th20 Largest rice production 7th21Largest gold mine in the world(gold reserves unexplored at Recodec mine are largest in the country)5th22 Largest army in the world 6th23Largest dam in the world(Tarbela dam is the largest dam in the country)2nd24Highest Polo ground in the world(Shandoor Polo Ground 3,720 meters above sea level)1st25Population in the world(The population of Pakistan is more than 180 million now)6th
Symbols of Pakistan 99# Description Ranked26 Largest Deep Sea PortGawader Sea Port is the largest deep sea port in the world1st27Squash (Pakistan has the highest number of world champions that acountry may have.)Hashim Khan (7 times winner of British Open)Azam Khan (4 times winner of British Open)Roshan Khan (1 time winner of British Open)Qamar Zaman (1 time winner of British Open)Jehangir Khan (6 times winner World Open, 10 times winner of British Open)Jan Sher Khan (8 times winner World Open, 6 times winner of British Open)Important note:This is highly interesting to note that Pakistanis have registered a large number of worldrecords for their individual works/feats and have their names in Guinness Book of WorldRecords.