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Analysis: Dead Stars by Paz Marquez Benitez


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An analysis of the short story Dead Stars by Paz Marquez Benitez

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Analysis: Dead Stars by Paz Marquez Benitez

  1. 1. A Story of “WhatIf” inPaz Marquez Benitez’s “DeadStars” Rey-an M.Adriosula IV-Achievers
  2. 2. The moral/intellectual critical approach is concerned with content and values. The approach is as old as literature itself, for literature is a traditional mode of imparting morality, philosophy, and religion. The concern in moral/intellectual criticism is not only to discover meaning but also to determine whether works of literature are both trueand significant. I. Context A. Moral/Philosophicaland Intellectual
  3. 3. Paz Marquez-Benitezwas a Filipina short-story writerborn in Lucena City, Quezon. She authored the first Filipino modern English language story, Dead Stars, published in the Philippine Herald in 1925. II. Background The Author
  4. 4. >Alfredo Salazar – son of Don Julian; engaged to Esperanza but is still fleetingtoJuliaSalas >Esperanza – literal-minded and intensely acquisitive; one of those fortunate women who have the gift of uniformly beauty; engagedto Alfredo Salazar >Julia Salas – sister-in-law of Judge Del Valle; the other girl of Alfredo Salazar thatremainssinglein her entirelife III. The Story Characters:
  5. 5. >Don Julian– fatherof Alfredo Salazar and Carmen >Carmen– sister of Alfredo Salazar >Judge Del Valle – brother-in-lawof Julia Salas >Donna Adella – sister of Julia Salas; small and plump, a pretty woman with a complexion of a baby with an expression of a likeable cow >Calixta– note-carrierof Alfredo Salazar and Esperanza III. The Story Characters:
  6. 6. >Dionisio– husbandof DonnaAdella >Vicente – husbandof Carmen >Brigida Samuy – illusive woman whom Alfredo is looking for III. The Story Characters:
  7. 7. Introduction III. The Story Plot At Don Julian’s house, Carmen was asking Don Julian about Alfredo and Esperanza. Alfredo reminisced how he met Julia Salas.
  8. 8. RisingAction III. The Story Plot Alfredo had gone neighboring with Don Julian to Judge Del Valle’s house. He met Julia Salas. All the time he was calling her Mrs. Del Valle which led him to embarrassment afterwards. Coming to the Judge’s house became often. Then he realized he was in love with Julia despite his engagementwithEsperanza.
  9. 9. Climax III. The Story Plot After the procession for The Lady of Sorrows, Alfredo caught up with Julia. It was when Julia found out about Alfredo’s wedding so she congratulated him. Alfredo needs to make a very difficult situation. Would he choose what he WANTS to? Or wouldhechoose whatheHAS to?
  10. 10. FallingAction III. The Story Plot Julia wants Alfredo to honor his understanding with Esperanza so she said goodbye. Alfredo went home to Esperanza. And there,thelast word has been said.
  11. 11. Denouement III. The Story Plot Alfredo and Esperanza got married. After eight years, he went to Sta. Cruz, Julia’s hometown, to search for a lady named Brigida Samuy who is important for his defense in the court. He went to Julia’s house and he found her there, still unmarried. And he realized that his love for Julia was like a Dead Star. It was non-existent.
  12. 12. Alfredo Salazar was betrothed to Esperanza, his girlfriend for four years. The start of their relationship was relatively “warm”, with Alfredo wooing Esperanza like a man in dire lovesickness. But as the years went by, the warm love’s fire slowly flickered and it was because of JuliaSalas. III. The Story Synopsis
  13. 13. She was charming and gleeful. Alfredo shared moments of light with her but sometimes deep conversations when he visits Julia’s brother-in-law, who was a judge. He always went there with his father and since it was his father who needed to talk to the judge, he was always left to Julia’s company. He never told her he was engaged. At first he didn’t notice that a change in his heart was takingform. III. The Story Synopsis
  14. 14. But then he started keeping details of his activities to his fiancée and then the guilty feeling crept in. When he found out that Julia was about to head back to her distant hometown, he felt blue and frightened. III. The Story Synopsis
  15. 15. He met her in the church after the Holy Thursday procession, although he knew that Esperanza was already waiting for him. He approached her and she conversed with him with an expression that told him she finally knew. She congratulated him and said she will be at his wedding. Thenthey parted. III. The Story Synopsis
  16. 16. When he visited Esperanza in her house, he overheard her talking to another woman about infidelity and immorality, to which he reasoned in favor of the condemned. The statement caused an intense fury to Esperanza and she told him that she knew. She dared Alfredo to abandon her, along with morality and reason and her dignity as a woman as well as her image before the society all for the sake of his“beingfairtohimself”. III. The Story Synopsis
  17. 17. Eventually the wedding took place. And after several years, Alfredo was sent to a distant village due to a legal assignment. It bothered him so much because it was near Julia’s hometown. But he still found himself making his way to her house. And there, he found her, just as how and where he expected her to be. She never married. And he wondered how life would be if he ended up being withher. III. The Story Synopsis
  18. 18. But all was too late and he could never bring things back. He also noticed that Julia lost something, albeit the fact that he didn’t know what that is – youth, love, luster? And when he looked at her hedoubtedif sheever caredfor him,if hehas mistaken the past light in her eyes as manifestations of a possible romance. But now they’re allgone and so it was indeedall done. III. The Story Synopsis
  19. 19. >Don Julian’s house >Judge Del Valle’s house >Don Julian’s housein Tanda >Calle Real >Sta.Cruz III. The Story Setting
  20. 20. The short story "Dead Stars" by Paz Marquez Benitez is conveying the theme that pertains to forbidden love. It says that forbidden love is only apparent, and its banes haunt the person until such timethatherealizes hisfaults. III. The Story Theme
  21. 21. Carmen sighed impatiently. "Why he is not a bit more decided, I wonder. He is over thirty, is he not? And still a bachelor! Esperanza mustbe tiredwaiting." "She does not seem to be in much of a hurry either," Don Julian nasally commented, while his rose scissors busily snipped away. IV. Analysis *Pointof View: Third Person Omniscient Evidences:
  22. 22. "A last spurt of hot blood," finishedtheold man. He and Julia Salas stood looking out into the quiet night. Sensing unwanted intensity, laughed, woman-like, asking, "Amusement?" IV. Analysis *Pointof View: Third Person Omniscient Evidences:
  23. 23. Carmen sighed impatiently. "Why is he not a bit more decided, I wonder. He is over thirty, is he not? And still a bachelor! Esperanza mustbe tiredwaiting." "How can a woman be in a hurry when the man does not hurry her?" Carmen returned, pinching off a worm with a careful, somewhatabsent air. IV. Analysis *Approach: Moral/PhilosophicalandIntellectualApproach Evidences:
  24. 24. At last Our Lady of Sorrows entered the church, and with her the priest and the choir, whose voices now echoed from the arched ceiling. Thebells rang theclose of theprocession. IV. Analysis *Approach: Moral/PhilosophicalandIntellectualApproach Evidences:
  25. 25. Alfredo was suffering as he could not remember ever having suffered before. What people will say--what will they not say? What don't they say when long engagements are broken almost on the eve of the wedding? IV. Analysis *Approach: Moral/PhilosophicalandIntellectualApproach Evidences:
  26. 26. "Julita," he said in his slow, thoughtful manner, "did you ever have to choose between something you wanted to do and somethingyou had todo?" IV. Analysis *Conflict:Man vs. Circumstances Evidences:
  27. 27. Thank You!! Thank You!!