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“INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH” ...

“INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH”
Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (Singapore)

LESSON # 6 –

“TRADITIONAL FIQH REFERENCE
BOOKS AND HOW TO USE THEM“

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[Slideshare]fiqh course-#6-using resourcestext-(2011)a [Slideshare]fiqh course-#6-using resourcestext-(2011)a Presentation Transcript

  • “ INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF FIQH ” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL. All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) LESSON # 6 – “ TRADITIONAL FIQH REFERENCE BOOKS AND HOW TO USE THEM“ And say: O Lord! Increase for me my knowledge Using text & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “ To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)”
    • As introductory to the study of FIQH , we shall now survey the text resources available, in the context of Nusantara (S.E. Asia), - understanding the common traditional curriculum and how one should proceed seeking teachers learned in FIQH to be taught and guided.
    • One must not attempt self-study from text (or on internet) alone devoid of constant guidance and nurturing from a religious teacher. Only a FAQIH can nurture another to be FAQIH – who not only has the knowledge but importantly, the ADAB and Akhlaq (disposition) required of a learned Islamic scholar.
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) View slide
  • “ Nor should the Believers all go forth together: if a contingent from every expedition remained behind, they could devote themselves to studies in religion ( LIYA-TAFAQQAHU -FID-DEEN ) and admonish the people when they return to them― that thus they (may learn) to guard themselves (against evil).” ( Qur’an: Taubah: 9:122 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) View slide
  • Say: "Are those equal, those who know and those who do not know? It is those who are endued with understanding that receive admonition.“ ( Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 9 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said:
  • “ Whomsoever that Allah wishes for him goodness, He will make him a FAQIH (learned) in matters of the religion( Deen ); and for everything there is a pillar, and the pillar of this religion is AL-FIQH – (the profound understanding of the Deen ); a learned scholar (of the Deen ) is more difficult upon satan than a thousand worshippers.” ( Reported by Bukhary and Muslim ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said:
  • “ The best ones amongst you is the person who makes your remember Allah when you look upon him; and whenever he speaks it increases you your knowledge (of the Deen), and with his deeds it inspires (motivates) you to strive for your Hereafter.” ( Hadith reported by Hakim from Ibnu ‘Umar r.a .) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said:
  • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) IMPORTANT REMINDERS
  • “ Knowledge is not from the listening of much narrations (or merely reading books), verily knowledge is light (which Allah s.w.t.) into the heart.” ( Saying of * Ibnu Mas’ud r.a .) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) * The famous companion (SAHABI) of the Prophet s.a.a.w. IMPORTANT REMINDERS
  • “ Whoever seeks knowledge (intending) to argue with the learned (scholars), or to brag with the foolish; or with it to attract peoples’ attention to himself; Allah will make him to enter the Hell-fire.” ( Hadith also reported by Tirmidzi and Ibn Majah ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) Prophet Muhammad s.a.a.w. said:
  • “ We are (much) in need of a little Adab , from (that of) going out (seeking) after much of ‘ilm (knowledge)” – (Imam ‘Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  • "Indeed the scholars are the inheritors of the Prophets, but if they fall into covetousness and greed, who shall be taken as leaders? The merchants and businessmen are the trustees of Allah, so if they are treacherous, who can be trusted? The warriors are the guests of Allah so if they become extreme (or take spoils without right), with whom can we defeat the enemies? The righteous and ascetic ones are the kings of the earth but if they become insincere (i.e. have riya’ ), who shall be followed? The governors/rulers are the shepherds (protectors) of the people, but if the shepherd becomes a wolf, who shall protect the flock?" - Imam 'Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  • “ ( ‘ilm ) Knowledge without Adab , is like (having) fire (but) without wood (fuel); and Adab without knowledge ( ‘ilm ) , is like (having) the Soul (but) without body.” All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
    • As we have explained, the objective of a Muslim learning FIQH is towards him / her understanding the Islamic rulings - incumbent upon him to manifest his “ ISLAM ” – “ submission or obedience towards the Will of Allah .”
    • The extent of these guidelines or corpus of rulings – AHKAM – is very extensive indeed.
    • Yet, we must not forget our place – which is as students – firstly seeking knowledge from teachers and scholars of FIQH chosen for us in the community we are from.
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
    • Also, due to the nature of its development as expanded by the respective Islamic scholars usually faithful to one MADZHAB (school of jurisprudence) they are from in our context (Nusantara), the knowledge regarding resources relevant to one’s MADZHAB that are available to refer to, is important.
    • Without which, one may be clueless as where to begin and how. It is the unspoken rule that by default, one belongs to the MADHZAB of the one’s religious guide or teacher .
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
    • Even if one may have access to books and other materials, it would still be a very daunting task to wade through voluminous materials without guidance of teachers.
    • Yes, we do not deny the presence of teachers of other MADZAAHIB here, but the ADAB demands that we accord priority with appreciation, to that school of jurisprudence, which we (our parents and community) have been fortunate to belong to WalHamdulillaah !.
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
    • The immediate concern in seeking this knowledge ( FIQH ) is the fulfilment of a Muslim’s duty and obligations – those that has to be complied – either by commission or omission.
    • It is sufficient to follow the stipulated decision in accordance with one’s MADZHAB – in our case here we begin with the SHAFI-’IE school. It is not as yet imperative that one knows the full legal basis upon which the author / scholar has based his opinion upon.
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
    • The criteria to know and apply is the standard criteria (rules - HUKM ) of responsibility ( TAKLIFI ):
    WAJIB : obligatory or compulsory SUNNAT (MANDUB) : recommended HARUS (MUBAH / MUSTAHAB) : optional - neutral MAKRUH : undesirable HARAM : forbidden HALAL : lawful - permissible FARDHU : fixed obligation: (either) ------------ ‘AIN – personal ----- KIFAAYA - community All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
    • Even with accessibility to information in these manuals and books, it cannot replace seeking advice directly from an ‘ALEEM (learned scholars) or your religious teacher.
    • In fact by using these text and referencing it with a teacher (as in a life-long study), following the order of its curriculum, one’s competency and scholarship in FIQH would gradually be enhanced.
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) The list of books chosen here is due to its availability in English translation, but there are also those not as yet translated. THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY
  • AN IMPORTANT REMINDER All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
    • Whatever is outside of the person – to be regarded as information ( ) – not knowledge ( ).
    • Knowledge resides in the person – and is also an attribute ( sifat ) of the person himself.
    AN IMPORTANT REMINDER All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
    • Information may not necessarily convey any meanings, but can be subjected to process or interpretation – by a human – striving to seek and arriving at understanding of “meanings” from it.
    • Knowledge has to do with “ meanings ” – which may include abstract concepts and construct beyond the material forms.
    AN IMPORTANT REMINDER All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
    • Every one may have equal access to a given information.
    • Yet, there can be difference in levels and depths of knowledge to a given information, depending upon who contemplates upon it.
    AN IMPORTANT REMINDER All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
    • Just as raw data input are meant to be processed by the computer , our readings, observations, news, data and information etc. are objects to be understood and possible meanings from it to be comprehended by us human.
    • It is when cognition of man are applied to process these information, that he may be said to arrive at knowledge (i.e. when it becomes meaningful).
    AN IMPORTANT REMINDER All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
    • THUS the Qur’an categorize these (information) as: “Signs” – aayat ( )
    • Al-Qur’an – aayat Qawliyyah
    • Universe – aayat Kauniyah
    • THUS the Qur’anic approach for man’s education enjoins him to “Read” ( ) these signs to arrive at the “meanings” – regarding the REALITY .
    AN IMPORTANT REMINDER All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  • Note : Arabic word “ universe ” and “ a scholar; one who is knowledgeable ” is spelt: ( ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) REMEMBER TEXT AND MANUAL ARE MERELY INFORMATION
  • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  • THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TEXT AND MANUAL ARE MERELY INFORMATION
    • * BIDAYATUL-HIDAYA
    • (Imam Abu Hamid AL-GHAZALIE)
    • English / Malay
    TITLE (* original in Arabic ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) * Classical or traditionally used text in the NUSANTARA THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY
    • * NASAAIH -AD-DEENIYAT wal WASIYAH
    • (Imam ‘Abdullah Al-Haddad)
    • English / Malay
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* original in Arabic ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) * Classical or traditionally used text in the NUSANTARA THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY
    • * AL- MAQASID
    • (Imam An-Nawawi )
    • English / Malay
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* original in Arabic ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) * Classical or traditionally used text in the NUSANTARA THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY
    • * UMDAT - AL-SAALIK
    • WA ‘UDDAT- AL-NASIK
    • (Ahmad Naquib al-Misri )
    • English
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* original in Arabic ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) * Classical or traditionally used text in the NUSANTARA THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY
    • * MINHAJ - AT-TOLIBIN
    • (Imam An-Nawawi )
    • English / Malay
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* original in Arabic ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) * Classical or traditionally used text in the NUSANTARA THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY
    • FIQH AL-ISLAMI
    • WA- ‘ADILLATUH
    • (10 volumes)
    • (Sheikh Dr. Wahbah Az-Zuhailiy)
    • Malay / Indonesian
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* original in Arabic ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY
    • * IHYA’ ULIM ID-DIN
    • (10 volumes)
    • (Imam Abu Hamid AL-GHAZALIE)
    • English / Malay
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* original in Arabic ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) * Classical or traditionally used text in the NUSANTARA THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY
    • * FATHUD-DAYYAN
    • FI FIQHI KHAYRIL ADYAN
    • (Sayyid Muhammad bin Ahmad Lebbai)
    • English / Malay
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* original in Arabic ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) * Classical or traditionally used text in the NUSANTARA THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY
  • THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TEXT AND MANUAL ARE MERELY INFORMATION
    • AL-MUHADZAB
    • FI FIQH IMAM SHAFI’IE
    • (Abu Ishaq al-Shirazi)
    • Indonesian
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* original in Arabic ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) * Classical or traditionally used text in the NUSANTARA THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY
    • AL-MAJMU’
    • SHARAH AL MUHADZAB
    • (Imam An-Nawawi)
    • Malay / Indonesian
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* original in Arabic ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY 25 volumes
    • AL-IQNA’
    • FI HALLI AL-FAZ ABU SUJA’
    • (Sheikh Al-Khatib al-Sharbini)
    • Indonesian
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* original in Arabic ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) * Classical or traditionally used text in the NUSANTARA THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY Used as textbook at Madrasah Aljuneid in 1960’s
    • KIFAAYATUL-AKHYAR
    • FEE GHAYATUL IKHTISAR
    • ( Taqiyyudin Abu Bakar Al-Husseiny)
    • Malay / Indonesian
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* original in Arabic ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) * Classical or traditionally used text in the NUSANTARA THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY Used as textbook at PERGAS Madrasah since 1990’s
    • FIQH MAHAJI
    • (SHAFI-I’EY)
    • (Dr. Mustofa al-Khin,
    • Dr. Mustofa al-Bugho
    • ‘ Ali ash-Sharbaji)
    • Malay / Indonesian
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* original in Arabic ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) * Classical or traditionally used text in the NUSANTARA THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY
    • FATHUL-MU-’IN
    • (Sheikh Zainuddin Abdul Aziz al-Malbary)
    • Malay / Indonesian
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* original in Arabic ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) * Classical or traditionally used text in the NUSANTARA THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY
    • SIYARUS SALIKIN
    • (Sheikh Abdus Samad Al-Jawi Al-Palembani )
    • Malay / Indonesian
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* original in Arabic ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) * Classical or traditionally used text in the NUSANTARA THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY
    • IKHTISAR IHYA’ ULUM-ADDIN
    • (BIMBINGAN MUKMIN)
    • (Imam Abu Hamid Al-GHAZALIE )
    • Malay / Indonesian
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* condensed from IHYA’ ULUMUD-DIN ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) * Classical or traditionally used text in the NUSANTARA THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY
    • SABILAL MUHTADIN
    • (Sheikh Muhammad Arshad al-Banjariy)
    • Malay / Indonesian
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* condensed from IHYA’ ULUMUD-DIN ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) * Classical or traditionally used text in the NUSANTARA THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY
    • MATLA’ AL-BADRAYN
    • (Sheikh Muhammad Daud Al-Fatoni)
    • Malay / Indonesian
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) * Classical or traditionally used text in the NUSANTARA THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY
    • AL-FIQH AL-SHAFI’IE
    • AL-MUYASSAR
    • (Sheikh Dr. Wahbah az-Zuhailiy)
    • Malay / Indonesian
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* original in Arabic ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY
  • THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TEXT AND MANUAL ARE MERELY INFORMATION
    • FIQH AL-SUNNAH
    • (Sheikh Sayyid Sabiq)
    • English / Malay / Indonesian
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* original in Arabic ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY
    • BIDAAYATUL MUJTAHID
    • (Imam Ibnu Rusd al-Qurtubi)
    • English / Malay / Indonesian
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* original in Arabic ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY
    • FIQH ‘ALAL MAZAHIB AL-KHAMSA
    • (Sheikh Jawad Mughni)
    • English / Malay / Indonesian /Persian
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* original in Arabic ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY
    • FATAWA MU’ASSARAH
    • (Sheikh Dr. Yusuf al-Qaradawi)
    • English / Malay / Indonesian
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* original in Arabic ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY
    • HALAL -WAL –HARAM-
    • FIL- ISLAM
    • (Sheikh Dr. Yusuf al-Qaradawi)
    • English / Malay / Indonesian
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* original in Arabic ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY
  • THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TEXT AND MANUAL ARE MERELY INFORMATION
    • Traditionally in this kind of session using Ahadith manual, the teacher must be a FAQIH , because religious ruling is not merely based upon Ahadith alone.
    • Muhadith preserves the   Ahadith  of Prophet s.a.a.w , whereas a  Faqih  is the one who extracts the rules of Deen  of Allah SWT from Qur’an, Ahadith and other principles (of Fiqh ).
    • Thus, in practice, the  FAQIH  ought to be followed. Students must refrain from passing ruling from mere reading of these Hadith, without referring also to one who is a FAQIH .
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
    • This is because a   FAQIH  (jurist) possess a basic understanding of the various sciences of  Hadith  as well gathers abstracts of common meanings from them; the ability to explain the apparent contradictions that are found in the  Ahadith  and untie their knots; also deep understanding of the Qur’an and its Tafsir and related sciences, well versed in the various sciences of the Arabic language as well as possesses the knowledge of the statements of the Sahabah r.a., with comprehensive understanding of the principles of analogy ( Qiyas ).
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
    • It is for this reason that  Sufyan ibn ‘Uyaynah rhm.a. an illustrious scholar of Hadith , used to say: 
    •  
    • “ (Muslim’s) submitting to the  Fuqaha (expert opinions),
    • is safety in (his following) the Deen (religion of Islam)”.
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
    • He,  Sufyan ibn ‘Uyaynah rhm.a. also used to say: 
    •  
    • “ The Hadith can lead (ignorant people) astray except
    • (when explained by) the FUQAHA (jurists)”.
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
    • A man came to the famous ( Muhaddith ),   Zuhair ibn Mu’awiyah (to learn). He asked him: “Where do you come from?” (i.e. where were you learning previously). The man replied: “from  Abu Hanifah ( Faqih ) ”.
    • Imam Zuhair  remarked:“Your going to Abu Hanifah for one day is more beneficial for you than staying with me for one month”.  
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
    • Imam A’mash rhm.  when meeting with Imam Abu Hanifah r.a. was astonished at his response and comment to one Hadith which he just conveyed to Imam Abu H anifah till he exclaimed:
    • “ Enough! You wish to narrate to me in one moment what I narrated to you in 100 days. I was not aware that you have practical application to all these Ahadith. 
    • (Then he said:)
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
    • Imam A’mash rhm.  when meeting with Imam Abu Hanifah r.a. was astonished at his response and comment to one Hadith which he just conveyed to Imam Abu H anifah till he exclaimed:
    • “ O Fuqaha (jurists)! You are the physicians (doctors )and
    • we ( Muhaddithin – scholars of Hadith) are (only)
    • the dispensers (pharmacists).” 
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
    • Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullah ibn Al-Hakam was asked:
    • “ Who is a  Faqih ? “
    • He replied: “That person who extracts one principle from the Qur’an or As-Sunnah in which he was not preceded by anyone, then divides that principle into one hundred branches”.
    • The person asked: Who is it that has such ability? In reply he said: “ Muhammad ibn Idris Ash-Shafi’ie ( r.a.)”.
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
    • Those reading-circle using Ahadith manual in our community following the SHAFI’IE school, actually has the purpose to revise (and even memorising) the Hadith , as well as gaining blessings especially when the manual is read by those possessing ISNAD link.
    • It is thus primarily meant for one to improve one’s knowledge of Hadith , not necessarily FIQH , because Imam Ash-Shafi-’ie prioritized the knowledge of Hadith over the dominance of Ra-’iy (juristic reasoning) in equipping our scholars of FIQH . But as to the learning FIQH itself, one must require a qualified teacher of FIQH .
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
    • This clarification is to dispel the notion – especially to those who are new, merely learning and quoting a Hadith itself (although one of prerequisite), this is not sufficient for pronouncing a FIQH ruling.
    • Scholars specializing only in Hadith ( MUHADDITH ) must comply with the ADAB of not usurping the place of those who are the FAQIH .
    • It is most unfortunate that some Hadith manuals compiled by people like Imam An-Nawawi, is being ‘used’ to incite people to become ‘non-Madzhabi ’ while Imam An-Nawawi himself followed a Madzhab and even has a manual on FIQH of the SHAFI’IE MADZHAB .
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
  • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* original in Arabic ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) * Classical or traditionally used text in the NUSANTARA THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY SAHIH BUKHARY SUNAN ABU DAWUD SUNAN IBN MAJAH SUNAN TIRMIDZI SAHIH MUSLIM
    • English / Malay / Indonesian
  • All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* original in Arabic ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) * Classical or traditionally used text in the NUSANTARA THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY
    • English / Malay / Indonesian
    AL- LU’LU’ WAL MARJAN (Ahadith collections from Bukhary and Muslim)
    • FATHUL BAARI
    • (SHARAH SAHIH BUKHARY)
    • (Imam Ibn Hajar al-Asqolani)
    • Malay / Indonesian
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* original in Arabic ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) * Classical or traditionally used text in the NUSANTARA THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY
    • BULUGHUL MARAM MIN ADILLATI -AL-AHKAM
    • (Imam Ibn Hajar al-Asqolani)
    • English / Malay / Indonesian
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* original in Arabic ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) * Classical or traditionally used text in the NUSANTARA THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY
    • SUBULUS-SALAM
    • (SHARAH ON BULUGHUL MARAM)
    • (Imam As-Shan’ani)
    • Indonesian
    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* original in Arabic ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) * Classical or traditionally used text in the NUSANTARA THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY
    • NAILIL AWTHAR
    • MIN AHADITH SAYIDIL AKHYAR
    • (Imam Ash-Shawkani)
    • Indonesian
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    • RIYAADUS SOLIHIN
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    All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 ) TITLE (* original in Arabic ) TRANSLATED ( IN LANGUAGE ) * Classical or traditionally used text in the NUSANTARA THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE, ONLY BASED ON MY VERY LIMITED EXPOSURE AND STUDY
  • ALLAA-HUM-MA – ARI-NAL-HAQ-QA - HAQ-QAN WAR- ZUQ-NAT - TI-BAA- ’A WA-ARI-NAL – BAA-TWILA – BAA-TWI-LAAN WAR-ZUQ-NAJ – TI –NAA - BAH “ O Allah! Make me see the Truth to be true and grant me the ability to follow it. And make me see Falsehood to be false and grant me the ability to reject it.” IMPORTANT DU’A All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011 )
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