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Webinar Renewable Energy Session 9

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    Webinar Renewable Energy Session 9 Webinar Renewable Energy Session 9 Presentation Transcript

    • Session # 7 – November 24, 2010 TODAY’S TOPIC: Funding Policies (and a glance at Biopower) © 2010 Macademia 1 Concept and Contents Copyright Macademia 2010; Copyright on pictures as indicated; no unauthorized use or publication
    • Session # 7 – November 24, 2010 Where are we now? Solar SHP & Wind Policies & Future Solar PV Funding Interview Biopower Challenges Thermal © 2010 Macademia 2
    • Session # 7 – November 24, 2010 What we will cover • A Glance at Biopower • Political Support for Renewables • International Climate Change Policy • Before COP 18: Interview with Alex Saier © 2010 Macademia 3
    • Session # 7 – November 24, 2010 Your visiting scholar today: Alexander Saier, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change © 2010 Macademia 4
    • Session # 7 – November 24, 2010 Our Schedule for Today 1 1 A Glance at Biopower • Typical forms and systems • Use of Biopower over milleniums • The Return with cleaner technologies • Main Types of Energy Conversion processes © 2010 Macademia 5
    • Session # 7 – November 24, 2010 Our Schedule for Today 2 1 2 Political Support for Renewables • National Targets • Measures and Policy Instruments used • The Debate on the advantages and disadvantages © 2010 Macademia 6
    • Session # 7 – November 24, 2010 Our Schedule for Today 3 International Climate Policy • The process under the Framework Convention • Tailwind for Renewable Energy Technologies • Interview with Alexander Saier, UNFCCC © 2010 Macademia 7
    • Session # 7 – November 24, 2010 Before we start… • News from the Forum, Feedback from last session A Country B Data C Business © 2010 Macademia 8
    • Session # 7 – November 24, 2010 1 1 A glance at Biopower • Large variety of forms: solid, liquid, gaseous • In contrast to other Renewables closely linked to industries - farming - agriculture - forestry © 2010 Macademia 9
    • Session # 7 – November 24, 2010 1 1 Milleniums of traditional use • Generation of heat and light by burning firewood • Traditionally based on direct combustion • Industrialization led to replacement by fossil fuels • Still the most dominant form of heat generation in many developing regions © 2010 Macademia 10
    • Session # 7 – November 24, 2010 1 1 The return of Biopower • More sophisticated applications with modern technology • Used for transport, heat and electricity generation • Crucial advantage: inherent energy storage © 2010 Macademia 11
    • Session # 7 – November 24, 2010 1 1 Bioenergy: Environmental Impacts • Potential impacts of Biopower - Organic particulate matter, carbon monoxide, other gases - Negative impacts of energy crops investigated - Importance of transport: potential negative impact on net energy production and carbon footprint - Use of Land and Water resources © 2010 Macademia Source: IEA, Renewables for Power Generation 12
    • Session # 7 – November 24, 2010 1 1 Bioenergy: Environmental Impacts • Potential impacts of Biopower - Very suitable and competitive depending on region - CO²-neutral life-cycle, possibility of closed mineral and nitrogen cycles - Low-investment for co-firing of existing plants © 2010 Macademia Source: IEA, Renewables for Power Generation 13
    • Session # 7 – November 24, 2010 2 1 Political Support for Renewables • Measures to reach objectives - Tax incentives - Quota legislation - Feed-in tariffs © 2010 Macademia 14
    • Session # 7 – November 24, 2010 3 1 3 2 The International Process • Many levels of action - City, region, state and national level - European Union, ASEAN countries - International / United Nations’, OECD’ level © 2010 Macademia 15
    • Session # 7 – November 24, 2010 3 1 3 2 The International Process • The most prominent example: Climate Change - 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change - 1997 Kyoto Protocol to the Convention (2005 entry into force) - Several attempts to negotiation a successor agreement with binding absolute targets for major economies - Failure of Copenhagen summit December 2009 © 2010 Macademia 16
    • Session # 7 – November 24, 2010 3 1 3 2 Interview with our expert • Discussion with Alexander Saier, UNFCCC © 2010 Macademia 17