How to chose appropriate journal for publication - Dr Vijay Sardana

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  • 1. HOW TO CHOSE APPROPRIATE JOURNAL FOR PUBLICATION Vijay Sardana MD. DM. (Neuro) Professor & Head Deptt. Of Neurology. Member, Medical Education Unit Medical College, Kota.
  • 2. WHY PUBLISH ?
    • Provokes desire to advance human knowledge &/or enhance patient care & communicate to others.
  • 3. WHY PUBLISH ?
    • Provide useful peer review of one’s research.
    • Encourage networking with individuals & groups with similar research interest.
    • Aid career advancement.
    • Assist in wilnning grant & research support.
    • Act as catalyst for attracting high quality staff & students.
  • 4. GOALS
    • ? Publish in Journal with brand readership (NEJM, JAMA, Lancet, BMJ)
    • ? Specific Readership – ( Neurology, JNNP etc. )
  • 5. WRITER SPECIFIC REASONS
    • Publication for the sake of publishing- easy journal
    • Journal respected by seniors – for promotion etc.
    • Particular journal to impress / convince particular subset of clinicalian / Researchers.
  • 6. International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
    • ISSN International centre, Paris - managed by UNESCO
    • More than 1.5 Million Journals in various languages
  • 7. Secondary Information services
    • Index Medicus ( electronic version – Medline)
    • Science citation index / journal citation reports (SCI/ JCR)
    • Ulrich’s International periodical Directory 2004.
    • 178650 , 897 subject headings
  • 8. Index Medicus
    • National Library of Medicine (NLM) Bethesda, USA
    • Largest Medical database in the world
    • More than 4000 Journals
    • Has wide research through web versions – pub med.
    • New journal seeking inclusions has to wait for 3 years.
  • 9. Index Medicus Criteria for Inclusion
    • Scope & Coverage of subject content
    • Quality of content
    • Editorial quality in term of peer review and selection of articles.
    • Production quality
    • Geographical coverage
  • 10. Journals – Global Scenario
    • . Index Medicus (Year 2000)
    • US - 1435 (42.0%)
    • UK – 600(17.6%)
    • . Science Citation Index
    • US - 41%
    • UK – 20.1%
  • 11. Indian scenario
    • Directory of periodicals (published 2000) 12000 serials including 681 newspapers.
    • Directory of indian scientific periodicals 1992
    • (National institute of science communication & information resources) ( NISCAIR )
    • 1991 journals
  • 12. Table 1. Indian journals in four global databases analysed Database Total Journals Indian journals Index Medicus (2004) 4098 28 (0.683%) BIOSIS (2001) 5012 96(1.915%) SCI (2002) 3725 10(0.268%) JCR/SCI (2002) 5876 49 (0.834%)
  • 13. India: Poor Science, Poor Journal, Poor Recognition
    • Average quality of research – Substandard research papers
    • Leftover Papers published in Indian journal
    • Papers of Indian ‘Origin Ignored’
    • Poor quality of printing / photographs
    • Poor Indexing
    • Lack of Regular & stringent peer review system.
    • Publication schedule
  • 14. India: Poor Science, Poor Journal, Poor Recognition
    • Poor motivation for research - compulsion / pressures.
    • Repetitive & confirmatory research rather than original & innovative.
    • Poor infrastructure
    • Poor institutional support
  • 15. Factors determining appropriate journal for manuscript
    • Impact factor
    • Prestige factor
    • Readership
    • Editorial Board
    • General v/s speciality journals
    • Focus
    • Reputation
    • Punctuality
    • Availability
    • Periodicity / Time to print
    • Page charge
  • 16. Thompson, P. J. Chest 2007;132:1073-1076 Interactions that influence a successful publication and can create a perpetual cycling
  • 17. Impact factor
    • A measure of extent to which articles published in it are cited
    • More The citation to a journal’s articles , the greater is the impact.
  • 18. Impact factor
    • Controversial , Still useful parameter
    • Factors influencing citation pattern :
    • Intensive basic science area – more citation
    • Biomedical science > Mathematics / Physics
    • Periodicity of journal
    • Type of Article – Review > Original article
  • 19. Impact factor - 2002
    • Indian Highest -
    • Journal of Biosciences – 0.606
    • Global Highest -
    • Annual Review of Immunology -54,455
  • 20. Top Ten Journal Rankings sorted by Impact Factor for some fields Ranking Journal name abbreviation Impact factor 1 New Engl J Med 29.512 2 Jama-j Am Med Assoc 15.402 3 Lancet 10.232 4 Ann Rev Med 9.891 5 Ann Rev Med 9.833 6 Arch Intern Med 6.055 7 Am j Med 5.960 8 Brit Med J 5.331 9 Medicine 4.623 10 Amyloid 2.957 Field Medicine –general & internal (n=104)
  • 21. Medicine, Research & Experimental ( No. of journals= 74) Ranking Journal name abbreviation Impact factor 1 Nat Med 27.905 2 J Exp Med 15.236 3 J Clin Invest 12.015 4 Hum Gene Ther 6.796 5 Gene Ther 5.964 6 Mol Med Today 5.193 7 Lab Invest 4.165 8 Cancer Gene Ther 4.151 9 Mol Med 3.779 10 J Mol Med-Jmm 3.445 Field Medicine Research & external (n=74)
  • 22. Multidisciplinary Sciences (No. of Journals = 49 ) (Source : Journal Citation Reports (JCR) on CD-ROM -2000 Science Edition) Ranking Journal name abbreviation Impact factor 1 Nature 25.814 2 Sciences 23.872 3 P Natl Acad Sci USA 10.789 4 Sci Am 2.240 5 Ibm J Res Dev 1.944 6 J Res Natl Inst Stan 1.611 7 Philos T Roy Soc A 1.493 8 P Roy Soc Lond A Mat 1.403 9 Ann Ny Acad Sci 1.381 10 Naturwissenschaften 1.261 Field Multidisciplinary Sciences (n=49)
  • 23. Prestige factor
    • Prestige & Impact factor are not synonymous
  • 24. Readership
    • Target Readership for Articles
    • Specialists / General Physician / General Practitioner
  • 25. Editorial Board
    • Experienced & reputed editorial advisory board adds to prestige of journal
    • Maintains quality of Articles.
  • 26. General v/s Speciality Journal
    • General Medical Journals do not encourage publication of highly specialized papers.
    • General medical journals are not read by many specialists & vice versa.
  • 27. Type of Article
    • Full length research paper / brief or short communication / case report / review articles / opinion paper.
    • Refer to instructions to authors.
  • 28. Focus ( of journal )
    • Basic or clinical or Mixed
    • Theoretical or Applied or Mixed
    • Wrong choice of journal may mean burial of the paper forever as only selected few may access to it.
  • 29. Reputation
    • Who read it.
    • Journal manuscript acceptance rate
    • How long has the journal existed.
  • 30. Punctuality
  • 31. Availability
    • Library subscription
    • Library subscription + Personal subscription
    • Online version
    • Avoid only online journals
  • 32. Periodicity / Time to print (Publication cycle)
    • Time taken for review process
    • Time take for Publication once the article is accepted.
    • If articles are posted on website immediately after acceptance.
  • 33. Page charge
    • Page charges ( up to US $ 60 / page )
    • Plate charges ( up to US $ 1000 / plate )
    • ‘ handling charges ’
    • Can be waived on request
  • 34. CHECKLIST FOR CHOOSING A SUITABLE JOURNAL FOR YOUR RESEARCH WORK
    • Will the journal meet the author’s aspiration in terms of publishing his or her work ?
    • Is the impact factor and the “prestige factor” of the journal sufficient for authors ?
    • Is the focus of the journal similar to the main theme of manuscript ?
    • Is the review process supportive, both in terms of timeliness and in providing constructive and useful criticism ?
    • Is their some rapport with the journal staff ??
    • Is there a desire to support the organization that sponsors the journal ?
  • 35. Learning Points
    • Chose a journal having –
    • High quality & editorial standard
    • minimal inclusions in reputed international secondary database.
    • Tight time schedule
    • Balance use of top quality journal with need for rapid publication in possibly lesser quality journal.
    • Consult your peers & mentors for advice.
  • 36. Learning points
    • “ If you do not get a manuscript rejected once in a while, you are not aiming high enough. ’’
    • Happy writing & publishing
  • 37. Thank You