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How to chose appropriate journal for publication - Dr Vijay Sardana

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How to chose appropriate journal for publication - Dr Vijay Sardana

  1. 1. HOW TO CHOSE APPROPRIATE JOURNAL FOR PUBLICATION Vijay Sardana MD. DM. (Neuro) Professor & Head Deptt. Of Neurology. Member, Medical Education Unit Medical College, Kota.
  2. 2. WHY PUBLISH ? <ul><li>Provokes desire to advance human knowledge &/or enhance patient care & communicate to others. </li></ul>
  3. 3. WHY PUBLISH ? <ul><li>Provide useful peer review of one’s research. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage networking with individuals & groups with similar research interest. </li></ul><ul><li>Aid career advancement. </li></ul><ul><li>Assist in wilnning grant & research support. </li></ul><ul><li>Act as catalyst for attracting high quality staff & students. </li></ul>
  4. 4. GOALS <ul><li>? Publish in Journal with brand readership (NEJM, JAMA, Lancet, BMJ) </li></ul><ul><li>? Specific Readership – ( Neurology, JNNP etc. ) </li></ul>
  5. 5. WRITER SPECIFIC REASONS <ul><li>Publication for the sake of publishing- easy journal </li></ul><ul><li>Journal respected by seniors – for promotion etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Particular journal to impress / convince particular subset of clinicalian / Researchers. </li></ul>
  6. 6. International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) <ul><li>ISSN International centre, Paris - managed by UNESCO </li></ul><ul><li>More than 1.5 Million Journals in various languages </li></ul>
  7. 7. Secondary Information services <ul><li>Index Medicus ( electronic version – Medline) </li></ul><ul><li>Science citation index / journal citation reports (SCI/ JCR) </li></ul><ul><li>Ulrich’s International periodical Directory 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>178650 , 897 subject headings </li></ul>
  8. 8. Index Medicus <ul><li>National Library of Medicine (NLM) Bethesda, USA </li></ul><ul><li>Largest Medical database in the world </li></ul><ul><li>More than 4000 Journals </li></ul><ul><li>Has wide research through web versions – pub med. </li></ul><ul><li>New journal seeking inclusions has to wait for 3 years. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Index Medicus Criteria for Inclusion <ul><li>Scope & Coverage of subject content </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of content </li></ul><ul><li>Editorial quality in term of peer review and selection of articles. </li></ul><ul><li>Production quality </li></ul><ul><li>Geographical coverage </li></ul>
  10. 10. Journals – Global Scenario <ul><li>. Index Medicus (Year 2000) </li></ul><ul><li>US - 1435 (42.0%) </li></ul><ul><li>UK – 600(17.6%) </li></ul><ul><li>. Science Citation Index </li></ul><ul><li>US - 41% </li></ul><ul><li>UK – 20.1% </li></ul>
  11. 11. Indian scenario <ul><li>Directory of periodicals (published 2000) 12000 serials including 681 newspapers. </li></ul><ul><li>Directory of indian scientific periodicals 1992 </li></ul><ul><li>(National institute of science communication & information resources) ( NISCAIR ) </li></ul><ul><li>1991 journals </li></ul>
  12. 12. Table 1. Indian journals in four global databases analysed Database Total Journals Indian journals Index Medicus (2004) 4098 28 (0.683%) BIOSIS (2001) 5012 96(1.915%) SCI (2002) 3725 10(0.268%) JCR/SCI (2002) 5876 49 (0.834%)
  13. 13. India: Poor Science, Poor Journal, Poor Recognition <ul><li>Average quality of research – Substandard research papers </li></ul><ul><li>Leftover Papers published in Indian journal </li></ul><ul><li>Papers of Indian ‘Origin Ignored’ </li></ul><ul><li>Poor quality of printing / photographs </li></ul><ul><li>Poor Indexing </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Regular & stringent peer review system. </li></ul><ul><li>Publication schedule </li></ul>
  14. 14. India: Poor Science, Poor Journal, Poor Recognition <ul><li>Poor motivation for research - compulsion / pressures. </li></ul><ul><li>Repetitive & confirmatory research rather than original & innovative. </li></ul><ul><li>Poor infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Poor institutional support </li></ul>
  15. 15. Factors determining appropriate journal for manuscript <ul><li>Impact factor </li></ul><ul><li>Prestige factor </li></ul><ul><li>Readership </li></ul><ul><li>Editorial Board </li></ul><ul><li>General v/s speciality journals </li></ul><ul><li>Focus </li></ul><ul><li>Reputation </li></ul><ul><li>Punctuality </li></ul><ul><li>Availability </li></ul><ul><li>Periodicity / Time to print </li></ul><ul><li>Page charge </li></ul>
  16. 16. Thompson, P. J. Chest 2007;132:1073-1076 Interactions that influence a successful publication and can create a perpetual cycling
  17. 17. Impact factor <ul><li>A measure of extent to which articles published in it are cited </li></ul><ul><li>More The citation to a journal’s articles , the greater is the impact. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Impact factor <ul><li>Controversial , Still useful parameter </li></ul><ul><li>Factors influencing citation pattern : </li></ul><ul><li>Intensive basic science area – more citation </li></ul><ul><li>Biomedical science > Mathematics / Physics </li></ul><ul><li>Periodicity of journal </li></ul><ul><li>Type of Article – Review > Original article </li></ul>
  19. 19. Impact factor - 2002 <ul><li>Indian Highest - </li></ul><ul><li>Journal of Biosciences – 0.606 </li></ul><ul><li>Global Highest - </li></ul><ul><li>Annual Review of Immunology -54,455 </li></ul>
  20. 20. Top Ten Journal Rankings sorted by Impact Factor for some fields Ranking Journal name abbreviation Impact factor 1 New Engl J Med 29.512 2 Jama-j Am Med Assoc 15.402 3 Lancet 10.232 4 Ann Rev Med 9.891 5 Ann Rev Med 9.833 6 Arch Intern Med 6.055 7 Am j Med 5.960 8 Brit Med J 5.331 9 Medicine 4.623 10 Amyloid 2.957 Field Medicine –general & internal (n=104)
  21. 21. Medicine, Research & Experimental ( No. of journals= 74) Ranking Journal name abbreviation Impact factor 1 Nat Med 27.905 2 J Exp Med 15.236 3 J Clin Invest 12.015 4 Hum Gene Ther 6.796 5 Gene Ther 5.964 6 Mol Med Today 5.193 7 Lab Invest 4.165 8 Cancer Gene Ther 4.151 9 Mol Med 3.779 10 J Mol Med-Jmm 3.445 Field Medicine Research & external (n=74)
  22. 22. Multidisciplinary Sciences (No. of Journals = 49 ) (Source : Journal Citation Reports (JCR) on CD-ROM -2000 Science Edition) Ranking Journal name abbreviation Impact factor 1 Nature 25.814 2 Sciences 23.872 3 P Natl Acad Sci USA 10.789 4 Sci Am 2.240 5 Ibm J Res Dev 1.944 6 J Res Natl Inst Stan 1.611 7 Philos T Roy Soc A 1.493 8 P Roy Soc Lond A Mat 1.403 9 Ann Ny Acad Sci 1.381 10 Naturwissenschaften 1.261 Field Multidisciplinary Sciences (n=49)
  23. 23. Prestige factor <ul><li>Prestige & Impact factor are not synonymous </li></ul>
  24. 24. Readership <ul><li>Target Readership for Articles </li></ul><ul><li>Specialists / General Physician / General Practitioner </li></ul>
  25. 25. Editorial Board <ul><li>Experienced & reputed editorial advisory board adds to prestige of journal </li></ul><ul><li>Maintains quality of Articles. </li></ul>
  26. 26. General v/s Speciality Journal <ul><li>General Medical Journals do not encourage publication of highly specialized papers. </li></ul><ul><li>General medical journals are not read by many specialists & vice versa. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Type of Article <ul><li>Full length research paper / brief or short communication / case report / review articles / opinion paper. </li></ul><ul><li>Refer to instructions to authors. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Focus ( of journal ) <ul><li>Basic or clinical or Mixed </li></ul><ul><li>Theoretical or Applied or Mixed </li></ul><ul><li>Wrong choice of journal may mean burial of the paper forever as only selected few may access to it. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Reputation <ul><li>Who read it. </li></ul><ul><li>Journal manuscript acceptance rate </li></ul><ul><li>How long has the journal existed. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Punctuality
  31. 31. Availability <ul><li>Library subscription </li></ul><ul><li>Library subscription + Personal subscription </li></ul><ul><li>Online version </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid only online journals </li></ul>
  32. 32. Periodicity / Time to print (Publication cycle) <ul><li>Time taken for review process </li></ul><ul><li>Time take for Publication once the article is accepted. </li></ul><ul><li>If articles are posted on website immediately after acceptance. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Page charge <ul><li>Page charges ( up to US $ 60 / page ) </li></ul><ul><li>Plate charges ( up to US $ 1000 / plate ) </li></ul><ul><li>‘ handling charges ’ </li></ul><ul><li>Can be waived on request </li></ul>
  34. 34. CHECKLIST FOR CHOOSING A SUITABLE JOURNAL FOR YOUR RESEARCH WORK <ul><li>Will the journal meet the author’s aspiration in terms of publishing his or her work ? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the impact factor and the “prestige factor” of the journal sufficient for authors ? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the focus of the journal similar to the main theme of manuscript ? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the review process supportive, both in terms of timeliness and in providing constructive and useful criticism ? </li></ul><ul><li>Is their some rapport with the journal staff ?? </li></ul><ul><li>Is there a desire to support the organization that sponsors the journal ? </li></ul>
  35. 35. Learning Points <ul><li>Chose a journal having – </li></ul><ul><li>High quality & editorial standard </li></ul><ul><li>minimal inclusions in reputed international secondary database. </li></ul><ul><li>Tight time schedule </li></ul><ul><li>Balance use of top quality journal with need for rapid publication in possibly lesser quality journal. </li></ul><ul><li>Consult your peers & mentors for advice. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Learning points <ul><li>“ If you do not get a manuscript rejected once in a while, you are not aiming high enough. ’’ </li></ul><ul><li>Happy writing & publishing </li></ul>
  37. 37. Thank You

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