Ulx April09


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Ten transit-oriented developments link a mix of uses in pedestrian-friendly environments to encourage reliance on public transportation.

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Ulx April09

  1. 1. ulx ron nyren Orienting toward Transit Configuring developments slow vehicle traffic to enhance the imitation—can ease community Ten transit-oriented to coax people out of their auto- pedestrian experience. Placing most resistance and raise the appeal for developments link a mix mobiles is no small order. Simply parking in underground or above- potential buyers and renters. increasing residential densities ground structures allows for higher Given the expense of quality of uses in pedestrian- within walking distance of transit densities and avoids the deadening transit-oriented development, stops is just the beginning. To effects of swaths of surface lots. government incentive programs friendly environments to effectively curb sprawl and dimin- Urban infill and brownfield rede- and public/private partnerships encourage reliance on ish traffic congestion requires a velopment have the advantages of are often necessary. One area that host of strategies. preserving greenfields and capital- remains a challenge is affordabil- public transportation. Grouping different uses—such as izing on existing infrastructure. High- ity: to truly move a car-dominated workplaces, shops, restaurants, and quality design matters too, most culture toward sustainable living open space for recreation—close to crucially perhaps when inserting will require more transit-oriented housing helps reduce the number higher-density developments into developments that offer housing and length of car trips, as does lower-density communities or his- for households at all points along the provision of pleasant and safe toric areas; breaking up the appar- the income spectrum. streets for walking, paths for cyclists ent mass of large structures and and pedestrians, and easy linkages responding to existing architecture— Ron nyRen is a freelance architecture and urban design writer based in the San Francisco Bay Area. to transit stations. Street design can not necessarily through outright
  2. 2. ©balloggphoto.com 1. Bethel Center ChiCago, iLLinois Rioting during the 1960s and 1970s drove many residents Designed by Farr Associates of Chicago and constructed and businesses from Chicago’s West Garfield Park neighbor- on a former brownfield site, the building includes a green hood. Bethel New Life, a faith-based community develop- roof, photovoltaic panels, a high-efficiency building enve- ment organization, formed 30 years ago to invest in the area lope, and extensive daylighting. To encourage transit use, and reverse its decline. Since then, the organization has a glass-enclosed pedestrian bridge directly connects the developed almost 1,000 units of housing. In 2005, the two- building to the transit station. Matanky Realty Group of story Bethel Center opened next to the Lake and Pulaski “El” Chicago served as codeveloper with Bethel New Life. stop, adding storefront shops, a computer lab, an employ- ment center, and a daycare center to serve the community.
  3. 3. 2. Bethesda Row bethesDa, maryLanD Located a few blocks from Bethesda, Maryland’s downtown Metrorail sta- tion, Bethesda Row has grown over several phases since opening in 1997 to cover seven blocks, incorporating a multiplex cinema, a supermarket, and office space, in addition to shops and restaurants. Developed by Federal Realty Investment Trust of Rockville, Maryland, and eric taylor/taylor Design & photography, inc. designed by Cooper Carry and Street Works, both of Alexandria, Virginia, Bethesda Row relies on plazas, fountains, and brick sidewalks with café seating to create a pedestrian-friendly environment: curbside parking buf- fers outdoor diners from auto traffic, while the majority of parking is tucked out of the way in a midblock parking garage owned by the county. The latest phase, which opened last year, added more shops and restau- rants as well as a residential component of 180 luxury apartments that has its own parking structure.
  4. 4. 3. Crossings at Gresham Station gresham, oregon A public/private partnership brought higher-density, mixed-use develop- ment to Gresham, a mostly low-rise suburb of Portland, Oregon. A few blocks from downtown, directly adjacent to a MAX light-rail station, the Crossings at Gresham Station opened in 2006 with 81 apartments above ground-level commercial space. To help make the multistory project pencil out, Metro, the regional governmental agency, purchased the site and gave local developer Peak Development the option to build; additional funding came from the fed- eral government’s transit-oriented development program and Oregon’s vertical housing bill. Local firm Myhre Group Architects designed the four- to five-story com- russ WiDstranD plex with varied facades. An underground structure provides parking for residents. A plaza close to the rail stop offers café seating, shade trees, and an amphitheater.
  5. 5. 4. Del Mar Station PasaDena, CaLifornia Del Mar Station is not just transit-oriented, it is transit-surrounding: Los Angeles’s Gold Line light-rail line literally passes through the building, linking residents to downtown. Completed in 2007 and designed by Pasadena-based Moule & Polyzoides for the Santa Ana, California, office of real estate investment trust Archstone, the 347-unit apartment complex lies across the street from Central Park, is a short walk from Old Pasadena, and links to an outdoor plaza that includes shops and the transit stop. To break up the mass, the one-and-a-half-block complex ©tom bonner photography 2007 consists of multiple buildings in different architectural styles, ranging in height from two to seven stories; taller buildings are placed at the center and street corner. A four-story sub- terranean parking structure holds 1,200 cars. A 1936 train station on the site has been restored for use as a restaurant.
  6. 6. 5. Ellington Apartments Washington, D.C. Duke Ellington and other jazz legends used to play at clubs along the U Street corridor in Washington, D.C. After years of neglect, the area is coming back to life, aided by the construction of the U Street–Cardozo Metro station. Completed in 2004 across the street from the station, the 186-unit Ellington Apartments increases the residential density in a contextually sensitive manner. Designed by Torti Gallas and Partners for Dona- telli Development, both of Bethesda, Maryland, the Ellington responds to the historic district and varying height restrictions, ranging from four to eight floors, with the top two floors set back from the street. Red steve hall/heDrich blessing brick blends into the neighborhood, while the design reinterprets historic detailing with a modern spin, such as a vertical neon sign. Measures to keep the sidewalk active include ground-floor shops and the placement of parking underground.
  7. 7. 6. Glenwood Park atLanta, georgia Atlanta’s traffic congestion is notorious, making it a prime candidate for transit-oriented devel- opment. Built on a former concrete plant site in a residential area, Glenwood Park is located a mile (1.6 km) from two Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA) stops and is on a bus line connecting to downtown two miles (3.2 km) away. Bike paths further encourage use of alternative transportation. Developed by Green Street Properties of Atlanta and completed in 2005, Glenwood Park consists of 325 residential units in a vari- ety of building types—detached single-family homes, brownstones, and a town center with condominiums above commercial space—as well as offices, neighborhood-serving retail, and a large park. Sustainable measures include high-efficiency insulation, recycling of construction waste, drought-tolerant land- scaping, and stormwater reuse. Stevens & green street properties Wilkinson, Surber Barber Choate & Hertlein, Smith Dalia Architects, and Tunnell-Spangler- Walsh & Associates, all of Atlanta, designed the buildings.
  8. 8. 7. Namba Parks osaka, JaPan Osaka’s Nankai Electric Railway redeveloped a former baseball stadium into a new commercial district directly adjacent to its flagship Namba Station at the city’s southern gateway. Designed by Jerde, based in Venice, California, Namba Parks introduces extensive green space into the densely built city: a rooftop park—complete with trees, waterfalls, lawns, and outdoor terraces—slopes as it traverses multiple blocks, while a canyonlike path winds through the shops, culminating across the street from the train station. The first phase opened in 2003 with a 30-story office tower (designed by Tokyo’s Nikken Sekkei) as well as retail and entertainment uses; the second phase, which opened in 2007, added more retail and entertain- ment as well as a 46-story residential tower, designed by Jerde with Tokyo-based Obayashi Corporation. hiroyuki kaWano hiroyuki kaWano
  9. 9. 8. Subi Centro sUbiaCo, Western aUstraLia, aUstraLia Australia faces many of the same suburban sprawl and traffic congestion challenges as the United States, and the outer suburbs of Perth are growing dramatically. In response, the Subiaco Redevelopment Authority formed in 1994 to redevelop derelict industrial land as a new inner-city community in Subiaco, Western Australia, two miles (3.2 km) from Perth’s central business district. A major part of the solution involved sinking the rail- way line passing through Subiaco, freeing up land for subiaco reDevelopment authority new roads and several new neighborhoods. Bicycle and pedestrian paths cross the site, and streets are narrow to keep automobile traffic slow. Subiaco Square, built above the underground railway station, serves as the hub of the development’s commercial center, with shops, restau- rants, cafés, and apartments. So far, 1,034 of 1,500 dwell- ings have been completed.
  10. 10. 9. Time north VanCoUVer, british CoLUmbia, CanaDa Just as the SeaBus passenger ferry system kick-started metro Vancouver’s regional rapid transit network when it was created in 1977, the SeaBus terminal in North Vancouver has revital- ized Lonsdale Quay. Among the more recent higher-density, mixed-use developments to rise in the area is the project known as Time. Completed in 2005 and designed by Buttjes Architecture of Burnaby, British Columbia, for the joint venture of Vancouver-based Esplanade Capital Ventures Ltd. and Seagate Ventures Ltd., Time replaced a surface parking lot with 258 condominium units in two towers. It also includes seven townhouses, a grocery store, a drugstore, and a community center owned by the city. Park- ing is placed largely underground and has 70 spaces for bicycles; a green roof tops the grocery store. Residents and visitors have a short walk to Dirk r. buttjes the SeaBus terminal via a pedestrian bridge, with a quick connection to downtown Vancouver and the SkyTrain system.
  11. 11. 10. Victoria Park ZetLanD, neW soUth WaLes, aUstraLia Built around the underground Green Square railway station, Victoria Park is the 62-acre (25-ha) redevelop- ment of former light-industrial lands in Zetland, New South Wales, Australia. Located 2.5 miles (4 km) from Sydney’s central business district, Victoria Park devotes 40 percent of its land area to green space; in addition, four parks and a nature reserve surround it. It is also close to major shopping centers. Landcom, the New South Wales government’s land development agency, has been working with multiple private developers and architecture firms to complete the residential precinct, which is ultimately planned to consist of up to 2,500 apartments by 2010; 1,186 have been built and occupied to date, as have several small retail and commercial businesses. An adjacent mixed-use precinct with up to 2,500 more apartments has been master planned but not yet built. Turner + Associates of Surry Hills, New South Wales, designed several of the residential structures, including Nova mark taffs Apartments, completed in 2003, with 114 units in four buildings organized around two large courtyards. UL