Ramayana myth or truthRama - The Role ModelRecently issue of Ramsetu is in vogue. Government filed an affadavitbefore supreme court stating that Rama has never existed on this earth. However, on strongopposition by other political parties and Hindu activist they withdrew the affadavit. Hinduorganization like Vishwa Hindu Parishad etc claim that question relating to existence of Ramacannot be simply resolved by scientific or historical findings.Existence of Rama is basically a question of faith for millions of people. Therefore noGovernment can deny existence of Rama. But these greatest advocate of Hindusim did not showguts to take on Government/Karunanidhi and proved that Rama is as historical fact and not amyth.Neverthless , they got support from unexpected quarter i.e Hurriyat conference from Kashmir.Hurriayat also claimed that scientific or historical evidence are not yardstick to judge variousissues related to religion.Hence, whether Rama existed or not cannot be decided on base of scientific or historicalfindings. This is basically associated with religious sentiments of millions of people thereforegovernment interference is unwanted.In the mean time some of the scientists, based on astronomical data, have propounded that Ramaexisted around 5044 BC. In such a perplexing situation it becomes very difficult for commonmasses to arrive at any conclusive view regarding the existence of Rama. Hence, before derivingany conlusions we have to first analyse various facts regarding Rama and his epic Ramayana.This article will put forth various facts which will help in resolving the issue of Rama„s existenceand will strongly conclude that Rama was an historical Mahanayaka and not any mythologicalcharacter.WHO WAS RAMA:-Maharishi Valmiki wanted to write an historical epic which can act as guiding principle forfuture generation. He was in dilemma over this issue. When he consulted Narada Muni. NaradaMuni then suggested Valmiki to write about Rama, son of Dasratha who was born in the clan ofRaghu. Here one should remember that Valmiki wrote Ramayana long after the period of Rama .This facts goes contrary to the prevalent legend that Valmiki wrote Ramayana before Rama wasborn. This fact has been very well stated in Valmiki„s Ramayana.Similarly Mahakavi Kalidas wrote Raghuvansham. This books throws light on lineage of Raghuand also states various kings who ruled after Rama. So, now the point of argument is that ifRama was a mythological character than how Valmiki could provide history of forefathers ofRama ?Whereas in Raghuvansham how Kalidasa has provided details of forefathers of Rama and hisvarious Santatis(successor) who ruled after him. In present times various books dealing withstories of Rama are prevalent in India and around the world. We will throw light on this issue inthe latter part of this article.
WHEN WAS RAMA BORN:-(based on Valmiki„s Ramayana)The burning topic in present times is, when was Rama born ?Before dwelling on this point, first of all we have to understand that our great Maharishies hassystematically divided period of shristi in Manvantars. Each Manvantar is furthur divided intochaturyugis. Each chaturyugis consist of Krita(satyuga), traita, dwapar and kaliyuga. PresentManvantar is Vaivast Manvantar. Already 27 chaturyugies of this Manvantar have passed. Thisis the 28th chaturyugi and first charan(period) of this chaturyugi is in continuation.It is well known fact that Rama was born during the latter part of traita. Hence, if we assume thatRama was born in the present chaturyugi then it means he was born at least 10,00,000 yearsago. The period of his birth may be more then this.However, Vayu purana provide us the correct chronological period of Ramayana. If we takeVayu purana period into consideration then period of Rama goes to atleast 1,80,00,000 yearsback. Hence we can easily conclude that period of Rama is atleast 10,00,000 years to1,80,00,000 years(this issue will be resolved in another topic “Blunders of Indian History”) .This view is also supported by the fact that when Hanuman went to Lanka in search of Sita, therehe saw elephants having four teeth . Hence this is now for archeiologist/biologist to ascertainwhen did such elephants existed on earth ? (The calculations of chaturyugies will be dealt inanother topic “Age of present shristi”.Whereas difficulties encountered in establishing chronological correctness of historical eventsfor period before Christ will be dealt in “blunders of history” ). Another interesting fact that hasbeen mentioned in Valmiki Ramayana is that the paternal home of Bharat and Shatrughan was ina country where mode of transportation was vehicle being carried by dogs or deer. When boththe brothers returned to Ayodhya from their maternal home they crossed many places covered bysnow and were wearing wollen clothes. Which place does this episode points to has to beascertained.By our logic it is Russia, as phonetically Russia sounds like misnomer of Rishi (this has beenestablished in our article blunder of Indian/World history) Above mentioned facts clearly give usan insight into the period when was Rama born. So those who claim that Rama is only amythological character we are providing them some more proofs which will establish that beforethe advent of Christinity and Islam Rama was revered throught out the world as an internationalcult figure.LEGENDS OF RAMAYANA IN VARIOUS PARTS OF GLOBE1) RAMAYANA IN RUSSIA AND MANGOLIA:-The Deccan Herald, dtd 15 dec 1972, at its front page gave a news which state that in Elista,capital of Kalmyk in Russia, story relating to Ramayana had been published. The news furthurstate that various legends of Ramayana are popular among people of Kalmyk. Various versionof Ramayana are already stored at libraries in Kalmyk. The news clearly state that legends ofRamayana are very popular since time immemorial. Domodin Suren, a Russian writer, hascompiled various legends popular among Mongolian and Kalmyk peoples. Prof C F Glostunky„s
manuscript „Academy of sciences‟ is stored at Siberian Branch of erstwhile U S S R. That bookdeals with various legends popular along the coast of Volga river. This manuscript is in Kalmyklanguage. In Leningrad also various books dealing with stories of Ramayana in Russian andMangolian languages are preserved.2) RAMAYANA IN CHINA:-In china, collection of Jatak stories relating various events of Ramayana, belonging to 251 AD.were complied by KANG_SENG_HUA . Another book, of 742 AD, relating story of plight ofDasratha after Rama was ordered to go for Vanvasa is still found in China. Similarly in 1600AD, His-Yii-Chii wrote a novel with title Kapi (monkey) dwelling on the stories of Ramayana,predominantly that of Hanuman.3) RAMAYANA IN SRILANKA:-Naresh Kumar Dhatusena alias Kumardasa, who ruled Srilanka in 617 AD wrote „Janakiharan‟.This is the oldest Sanskrit literature available in Srilanka. In Modern times C Don Bostean andJhon d„silva have written stories based on Ramayana. Till today majority of population adoreand revere Rama and Sita.4) RAMAYANA IN COMBODIA(KAMPUCHIA):-Various rock inscription belonging to 700 AD are found in Khmer region of Combodia. Theserock inscription are based on stories of Ramayana. Various temples constructed during the reignof Khmer dynasty depicts the story of Ramayana on their wall. The temples of Ankor are veryfamous for the stories of Ramayana and Mahabharata. These temples belong to the earlier partof 400 AD to 700 AD. One astonishing fact in these engraved pictures is that Hanuman and restother Vanars are not shown with tail as against the popular belief of masses. (Wether Hanumanetc are monkeys, this issue will be dealt latter)5) RAMAYANA IN INDONESIA:-According to De Casperis, there was temple named „Chandi loro jongrong‟ which have stories ofRamayana engraved on its wall. This temple was of 9 th century AD. In Indonesia another versionof stories of Ramayana named Kakavin is very popular. This story was bit different from that ofPrambanan . Besides that various other version of Ramayana stories were very in early centuriesafter christ which itself proves that Ramayana was very popular among Indonesian people beforeadvent of Islam. It is also an astonishing fact that first international convention on Ramayana wasorganized in Indonesia few years back.6) RAMAYANA IN LAOS:-Local people when pronounce Loas in their language it phonetically sounds like the name of oneof the son Rama. Besides temple of Vat- she-fum and Vat-pa-Kev remains depicts the story ofRamayana on their walls. Whereas temples of Vat-pra-kev and Vat-sisket are having bookscontaining epic of Ramayana. Lafont, French traveler translated story of „Pa laka-Pa lama‟ in his
book named P„ommachak in french. This book also deals with story of Ramayana popularamong masses of Laos.7) RAMAYANA IN THAILAND:-Stories of Ramayana are still very popular among masses. In early centuries after Christ manykings has Rama as either prefix or suffix in their name ruled this country. Just like as in India weorganize play of Ramayana, similarly various dramatic version or Ramayana are oraganised inThailand till today. Similar dramatic version of Ramayana are still organized in various sout eastasian countries like Indonesia, Malaysia, Combodia etc.8) RAMAYANA IN MALAYSIA:-In Malaysia till today plays are oraganised based on the stories of „HIKAYAT SERI RAMA‟,written in 14 century AD,. Dalang society organize nearly 200-300 plays relating to Ramayana.Before commencement of the play people conduct various prayers and abulations reveringRAMA and SITA.9) RAMAYANA IN BURMA:- King Kayanjhitha who reignedduring 1084 –1112 AD; regarded himself as desecendant of clan of Rama. Various books relating to the storiesof Ramayana as earlier as 15 century AD are still found in Burma. Books like „Kavyadarsh‟ ,„Subhasit Ratanidhi‟ are based on the stories of Ramayana. Zhang-Zhungpa, commentary ofRamayana was written by Taranath, which is not available in modern times. In Burma alsovarious form of plays are conducted based on the stories of Ramayana.10) RAMAYANA IN NEPAL:-Oldest version of Ramayana, belonging ot 1075 AD is still found in Nepal.11) RAMAYANA IN PHILIPINES:-Effect of stories of Ramayana can easily felt in the customs, traditions and legends of majority ofmasses. Prof Juon R Francisco found that in Marineo Muslims, legend based on Ramayana ispopular, in which Rama has been depicted as Incarnation of God. Similarly among Magindanaoor Sulu folk Muslims also various legends based on the stories of Ramayana are popular.12) RAMAYANA IN IRAN:In Hyderabad city, capital of Andhra Pradesh, there is museum name Salarjung. There oneportrait which is depicting a burly monkey having a very big stone in its hand. This portraitreminds one of Hanuman holding Dronagiri. Similarly Marco Polo in his book (translated by SirHenry Yule in English) wrote at page no 302, vol II about a peculiar belief among Muslims,spread from Afganistan to Morocco and Algeria. These Muslims believed that members of
imperial house of Trebizond were endowed with short tails while mediavel continentals had likestories about Englishmen as- Mathew Paris relates…. ; .We are of the belief that if one seriously start investigating various legends prevalent, beforeadvent of Islam and Christianity, in Arabic countries and European countries than existence ofRamayana and Mahabharta can be proved. Due to barbaric and dogmatic acts of these peopleswide range of literature and buildings of historical importance has been wiped out.13) RAMAYANA IN EUROPE:In Italy, when excavation were carried out in the remains of Astrocon civilization, then varioushouses were found having peculiar type of paintings on their wall. These paintaings, on closureinvestigation, seems to be based on the stories of Ramayana. Some of the paintings showspeculiar persons having tails along with two men bearing bows and arrow on their shoulders,while a lady is standing besides them. These paintings are of 7 century BC. It should beremembered that once Astrocon civilization was spread over 75 pct of Italy.Sir Henry Yule in his translation of works of Marcopolo has refered to the belief prevalentamong Medival Europeans that there Ancestors were having small tails. The same fact has beenreferred by Maharishi Dayanand in his magnum opus „Satyarth Prakash‟. There Swamiji statethat people of Europe were called as Vanaras (monkeys) ,due to their appreance in our epic likeMahabharta, Valmiki Ramayana etc. If we a analyse this statement in present context, then howwe are going to define various statements like kangaroos(Australian team) meet men inblue(Indian team) at Calcutta.Similar sort of epithets were used during World war to describe armies of different countries orelse we see that we have helicopters named cheetah etc. As these words(epithets) are just a wayto describe different set of people, arms etc, similarly world like Rakshas, Vanaras etc were usedin our legends. These facts clearly indicates that legends of Ramayana are not work of fictionand were very popular around the world .14) RAMAYANA IN AFRICA(CONTINENT):People of Ethiopia call themselves as descendents of Cushites. This word Cush is basicallyphonectic misnomer of Kush, the son of Rama. This fact is verly established by SatpathBrahamans, commentary on Vedas. These Brahamans while explaining various mantras ofVedas uses many histrorical events to elucidate the topic.Astonishingly in Satpath Brahaman we find reference regarding the rule of King Bharata(predecessor of Kaurav and Pandavs) in Rhodesia .Besides many inconsistent legends inspired by epic of Ramayana are prevalent in AfricanCommunities and they basically refers to various activities of vanars.Egypt basically derives its name from Ajpati which is one of the name of forefather of Rama. Ifanalyse various legends prevalent in Egypt there we will found references of Dasratha(father ofRama). These facts can be very well established from various historical refernces ofBrahamans.(for the proof of it see our article Blunders of Indian/World history)
15) RAMAYANA IN NORTH AMERICAN AND SOUTH AMERICANCONTINENTS:Before Columbus discovered North American continent European people were not knowingabout it. However A DE QNATREFAGES in his book, THE HUMAN SPECIES, categoricallysays that Chinese people were aware about the American continent and the use to have traderelations with them America was referred as Fad-Sang. Similarly in Japanese people it wasknown as Fad-See. Similarly, if we refer to various historical reference in Mahabharata, ValmikiRamayana etc we will find that American continent has been reffered as Patal Desh(Patal meansbelow foot). If we geographically see then we will find that American continent is just below theIndian Subcontinent. We will throw greater light on this issue in our topic, BLUNDERS OFINDIAN HISTORY/WORLD HISTORY.But for your reference we are providing you some prevalent legends.a) beautiful girl in Mexican tribal area till today are called as Ulopy. If we see in Mahabharata we find reference of Arjuna marrying girl named Ulopy who was daughter of King of Patal Desh.b) W H Prescott in his book , „ History of conquest of Mexico‟, provides various reference which prove that earlier civilization of American subcontinent have major similarities with that of Indian (Aryan) civilization.However here we are providing you one reference which clearly state that Ramayana is notmythological epic but it bears historical testimony. According to writer of the book there ispopular legend in Aztec community which state that a beautiful person named Quevtsal Katalcame there from east and taught them various aspects of advanced civilization as a result hisperiod was treated as golden era. He then went back to his original homeland because ofpersecution by some divine creature. This legends surprisingly does not throw light on thereasons why he returned.Another interesting fact that has been stated by Prescott is that this legend is available indocumented form. Now, none except Indian tradition can claim that they bear root to this legend.The same story has been narrated in Valmiki Ramayana, in uttarkand where it is mentioned thatSalkantak Rakshas who dwelled in Lanka were persecuted by Vishnu. Due to this persecutionthey left Lanka and went to Patal Desh. The leader of this group was Sumali. According toRamayana they lived in Patal Desh for long time. When they found condition congenial theyreturned to their homeland.It is for readers to decide when such conclusive proof are there toestablish that epic of Ramayana is not mythological legend but it ishistorical evidence which bears testimony to various legendsprevalent around the world. Till today play named Ramasitotav isplayed in various communities of Mexico. To our amazement Rama has been mentioned in Bible, new testament, Mathew ch 2/18, where itis mentioned “ his voices was heard in RAMA”. Rama is proper noun there, now it is for biblicalsociety to define who was Rama and why he has been mentioned in Bible.Even the name of Dasratha and Ayodhya are there in Bible. We will be referring to these facts inBlunders of Indian/world History.
Now we would pose some tickling questions to the historians:1) Why month of fasting among muslims is called Ramadhan ?2) Why place in Gazastrip is called Ramallaha ?3) Why place in London is named as Ramsgate ?4) Why capital of Italy is known as Rome(misnomer of Rama)We can provide various examples where word Rama has been used as suffix or prefix with thenames of various historical places/persons or misnomer of Rama has been used as name forhistorical places/persons. None of the historical evidence provides conclusive answer to thesefacts unless we take Indian historical evidences into account.In our article „ Blunders of Indian/World history „ we will provide proof for it. We also believethat if barabaric religion like Christinity and Islam have not gained popularity than we wouldhave more datas to prove our point conclusively. These two semetic religion have inflictedunparrelled havoc on historical datas and buildings. They destroyed all the libraries/monumentsof historical importance which does not confer their beliefs.Still we have lot with us and we can recreate correct chronological data of world history. It iswidely accepted that the King Alexander invaded India. It really sounds ironical that we areaccepting this theory without any historical evidence, on the other hand we go on to denyexistence of Rama despite various historical evidences are there to prove that he was notmythical but a historical Mahanayak.These historians inorder to defy Rama„s existence are ridiculously harping the same old tone oftheory of evolution which does not have any scientific proof.(why and how theory of evolutiongained importance will be dealt in our article How the universe is created. The only thing ofsignificance regarding theory of evolution, we want to state here is that it was a tool which wasinvented to challenge the anarchaic/draconian supremacy of church. The church use to claim thatthis world was created by God out of nothing and the age of this Univerese is not more than10000 years. By the help of evolutionary theory scientific world challenged the supremacy ofchurh and overcame the clergy.)This is for readers to decide by themselves how they are going to treat Rama. We think that wehave provided lot of food for thought. Those who are illogically biased may still refute theexistence of Rama while those who are logical and believe that mythological character can nevergain such world wide respect/reverence will start looking upon Rama from wider historicalevidences.Here we want to clarify following points:1) Rama was not an incarnation of God but he was Mahanayak, a legendary person who lived a pristine life and is an example to be emulated till today.2) Ramasetu, on which lot of controversy is being created, might not be built by Rama as the period of Rama is at least 10,00,000 years. During this time geographical conditions has changed drastically.3) Valmiki Ramayana is not fiction but an epic based on historical evidence. We can analyze the issue of Ramasetu only on the basis of environmental/economical viability.For those who are questioning existence of Rama, let them first justify wether their forefathersever existed, by using the same yardstick which they are using for existence of Rama.