Introduction to the ramayana

2,569 views

Published on

Introduction to The Ramayana for ENGL 2332.

Published in: Education, Spiritual, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,569
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
196
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
43
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Introduction to the ramayana

  1. 1. The Ramayana:<br />An Introduction<br />
  2. 2. Introduction to:<br />India’s Heroic Age:<br />Aryans<br />Nomadic tribe (from Central Asia<br />Sanskrit (Indo-European Language)<br />Displacement of predecessors (1500 bc)<br />
  3. 3. Introduction (cont.)<br />India’s Heroic Age:<br />Religion<br />4 Vedas—books of hymns<br />Hinduism’s primary scripture<br />Vedic Crisis of faith (1000 BCE)<br />The Hymn of Nonexistence (is an example of this crisis)<br />The Upanisads (Mystic Doctrines) Revival<br />Rejection of Vedic rituals<br />Brahman<br />
  4. 4. Introduction (cont.)<br />India’s Heroic Age:<br />Thought and Literature (Ramayana and Mahabharata)<br />Heroic narratives of an earlier age<br />Just as The Iliad is a narrative of the heroic earlier age<br />Express seminal Hindu values in the making<br />Dharma<br />Karma<br />Samsara<br />
  5. 5. Introduction (cont.)<br />India’s Heroic Age:<br />Dharma (underlying principle of proper conduct)<br />4 cyclical ages<br />4 varna<br />Brahman<br />Ksatriya<br />Vaisya<br />Sudras<br />4 stages of life<br />Celibate student<br />Householder<br />Forest dweller<br />Wandering ascetic<br />
  6. 6. Introduction (cont.)<br />India’s Heroic Age:<br />Karma (deeds and their inevitable results)<br />“premise on which all three religions in India build their doctrines of the ultimate goal of religion” <br />
  7. 7. Introduction (cont.)<br />India’s Heroic Age:<br />Samsara (going round and round)<br />Cycle of rebirths. <br />Mechanistic view of Karma mitigated by:<br />Buddhist concept of enlightenment<br />And by grace of Hindu Trinity: Brahma, Vishnu, and Siva<br />
  8. 8. Introduction (cont.)<br />“Rama is born in countless ways, and there are tens of millions of Ramayanas…” --Tulsidas<br />The Ramayana<br />Not a single book (like The Bible)<br />A Tradition (for over 2000 years)<br />Core story of the travails of Rama and Sita is much the same, but…<br />Text is not translated, but rather retold<br />
  9. 9. Introduction (cont.)<br />The Ramayana<br />Modern meaning for Indians—a bedtime story?<br />Modern meaning for us—fantasy fiction? Video-gaming?<br />The skeletal story:<br />http://home.wlu.edu/~lubint/texts/Ramayana.pdf<br />
  10. 10. Introduction (cont.)<br />The Ramayana<br />Primary Characters:<br />Prince Rama<br />Princess Sita<br />A quick genealogy:<br />King Dasaratha<br />Queen Kausalya<br />Senior Wife<br />Queen Sumitra<br />Younger Wife<br />Queen Kaikeyi<br />Younger Wife<br />Rama<br />Laksmana<br />Satrughna<br />Bharata<br />
  11. 11. Introduction (cont.)<br />The Ramayana<br />Structure:<br />7 books (24,000 couplets)<br />Central story (books 2-6)<br />Book 1 is introductory<br />Book 7 (appendix?)<br />
  12. 12. Introduction (cont.)<br />The Ramayana<br />Themes:<br />Good vs. Evil<br />Deceptiveness of appearance<br />Wiliness of evil<br />Idealized versions of man and woman<br />Relationship between destiny and volition<br />Dharma<br />Duty<br />Juxtaposition of natural and supernatural<br />Motifs:<br />Brahman’s curse, asceticism, social order, and truth and duty<br />

×