By Sarah Joseph
The advent of social media has played no    major role in facilitating political activism.   Activity: In groups, argue f...
   A group of Internet-based    applications that build on the    ideological and technological    foundations of Web 2.0...
    OECD specifies 3 criteria for a     classification of “user generated”:1.    It should be available on a      publica...
   Real social change is brought    about by high-risk meaningful    activism   Social media connections promote low-ris...
   Social media creates    quicker and louder    conversations but they    are shallow, short, and    easily displaced  ...
   Social media is the    catalyst for significant    political change   It plays a role in    coordinating protests   ...
   Access to information       Expands access to human rights abuse       Penetrates the veil of secrecy thrown up by r...
   Egypt shut down its internet for 5 days, disrupting social media    communication   This mobilised people to “find cr...
   “The Skeptics” Argument    ◦ Gladwell asserts that social movements require organised     hierarchies, not loose socia...
   Social media can spread good ideas just as easily    as it can spread bad ideas    ◦ Facilitate pro-democracy activism...
   Twitter executives are openly proud of the role    their tools have played in the Arab Spring   YouTube has expressed...
   The value of social media sites to political change is    the extent to which the site is censored   Twitter claims t...
   The major social media companies exercise a    power over politics that does not equal their    expertise or responsib...
The advent of social media has played no major role    in facilitating political activism.   Activity: In groups, argue f...
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Mdia5003 presentation

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Mdia5003 presentation

  1. 1. By Sarah Joseph
  2. 2. The advent of social media has played no major role in facilitating political activism. Activity: In groups, argue for (The Skeptics Argument) or against (The Believers Argument) this statement Tweet your responses to #MDIA5003 and begin your tweet with for or against
  3. 3.  A group of Internet-based applications that build on the ideological and technological foundations of Web 2.0 Includes: collaborative projects, virtual worlds, blogs, content communities and social networking Depends on access to the internet High access in the West and low access in the developing word Mobile social media has increased access
  4. 4.  OECD specifies 3 criteria for a classification of “user generated”:1. It should be available on a publically accessible site2. It entails a minimum amount of creative effort3. It is “created outside of professional routines and practices”
  5. 5.  Real social change is brought about by high-risk meaningful activism Social media connections promote low-risk activism or “slacktivism” Social media create loose, leaderless networks that are incapable of organising revolutions
  6. 6.  Social media creates quicker and louder conversations but they are shallow, short, and easily displaced Vast volumes of information through social media and 24/7 news cycles creates shorter attention spans Important news is quickly supplanted by new developments elsewhere
  7. 7.  Social media is the catalyst for significant political change It plays a role in coordinating protests It has revolutionised the way people form political opinions
  8. 8.  Access to information  Expands access to human rights abuse  Penetrates the veil of secrecy thrown up by repressive regimes  Reporting is no longer confined to traditional sources Conversation and debate  Social media as a mass facilitator of conversation
  9. 9.  Egypt shut down its internet for 5 days, disrupting social media communication This mobilised people to “find creative ways to organise and communicate” Facebook pages acted as an initial platform for calls to protest and were a factor in mobilising movements Social media played a central role in shaping political conversations inside and outside the Arab region in early 2011 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rZwNb11n9zk
  10. 10.  “The Skeptics” Argument ◦ Gladwell asserts that social movements require organised hierarchies, not loose social networks, yet the Arab protest lacks a hierarchy “The Believers” Argument ◦ Social media fulfilled the functions in Shirky’s two steps by providing information and facilitating conversation about political matters ◦ http://www.facebook.com/pages/TIDBT-The-Arab- Spring/305321099540513?ref=ts
  11. 11.  Social media can spread good ideas just as easily as it can spread bad ideas ◦ Facilitate pro-democracy activism - facilitate oppression ◦ Support pro-democracy forces - push pro-government propaganda ◦ Communicate reliable information - communication misinformation Social media platforms are neutral tools
  12. 12.  Twitter executives are openly proud of the role their tools have played in the Arab Spring YouTube has expressed a similar opinion to Twitter Facebook’s strict policy against fake identifies and pseudonyms led to the removal of content related to the Arab Spring
  13. 13.  The value of social media sites to political change is the extent to which the site is censored Twitter claims that it avoid censorship as much as possible Facebook states that its users cannot post content that is hateful, threatening, incites violence or that is unlawful, misleading, malicious, or discriminatory YouTube specifies that videos should not show graphic or gratuitous violence or hate speech
  14. 14.  The major social media companies exercise a power over politics that does not equal their expertise or responsibility They have largely been passive facilitators of revolution They will “do the right thing” to the extent that such activism does not conflict with their commercial goals
  15. 15. The advent of social media has played no major role in facilitating political activism. Activity: In groups, argue for (The Skeptics Argument) or against (The Believers Argument) this statement Tweet your responses to #MDIA5003 and begin your tweet with for or against http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/67325/malco lm-gladwell-and-clay-shirky/from-innovation-to- revolution#

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