What is the synonim ? A synonym is a word that is a different form of spelling or sound but have the same meaning or nearly the same (OÊ Grady, 2000: 118). Synonyms dictionary by Big Indonesian are different words but have similar or identical meanings
Factor of synonym ExampleA time • hulubalang “ = komandan hulubalang just can used in era clasik ( tradotional ) Komandan just can used for modern situationPlace and area Beta = saya “ I = beta “. But beta just can used in east indonesian (maluku) “I” used in general or everywhereSocial “ aku = saya “ “aku “ can used in informal situationField activity “tasawuf = kebatinan = dan mistik “tasawuf just used for moeslim “kebatinan just used for nommoeslim “ mistik “ just used for all religionNuance of meaning hotel = rest house” Word of “rest house” more wide meaning , “hotel “ because hotel include rest house.
Defenition of antonym Antonym according to Big Indonesian Dictionary is a linguistic term that refers to the opposite meaning word pairs (opposite).
Absolute antonym“ hidup x matiBetween life and died there are absoulute limited, because something who life of course not died, while something who died of course no life. relative antonym“ Big x small“ short x long relasional antonym“ husband x wife “Both of the word all used together, if there is husband, so automataclly there is wife
Hierarkial antonym: “ meter x klometer“ kuintal x ton“prajurit x opsirTell a level compound antonym“ berdiri x duduk , berbaring, tiarap,
Word hyponym from languages ofyunani , onama is “name” . And hypo“under”. So hyponim is name includeunder other name . Definition ofAccordint of semantic ( verhaar1978 : 137) said hyponym is clause (usually, like word, but also becamephrase or sentence) and themeaning of opinion is part of themeaning an other clause