Ancient Greek Theatre
Athens, 5th Century BCE
• Polis: Ancient Greek city-state• Key events in Athens during the 5th century:  – Emergence of democracy  – The Persian W...
Athenian Culture• Philosophy  – Socrates, Plato, Aristotle• History  – Herodotus• Art  – Sculpture  – Architecture  – Thea...
Dionysus•   God of theatre, wine, fertility, and ritual madness•   Was the son of Zeus, his mother was a mortal woman•   D...
Theatre Festivals• Greek theatre was performed at three  religious festivals throughout the year.• Dramatists competed for...
Greek Theatre at Epidaurus      (rebuilt by the Romans)
Greek Actors• Thespis was the first winner of the  tragic acting contest in 534 BCE• Each actor played several roles• Mask...
Masks
Aeschylus• C. 525 – 455 BCE• Known for introducing the second actor• Often described as “the father of tragedy”• 70 – 80 t...
Sophocles• C 497 – 406 BCE• Reportedly wrote over 120 plays• 7 survive• His most famous tragedy is Oedipus Rex
Oedipus Rex
Euripides• 480 – 406 BCE• Wrote over 90 plays• 19 survive• His work was controversial• He criticized imperialism and war
Medea
Aristophanes• 446 – 386 BCE• Known for writing comedies• 11 of his 46 plays survive• Satirized war, government, and society
A recent production of Frogs
Greek PAHS
Greek PAHS
Greek PAHS
Greek PAHS
Greek PAHS
Greek PAHS
Greek PAHS
Greek PAHS
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Greek PAHS

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Greek PAHS

  1. 1. Ancient Greek Theatre
  2. 2. Athens, 5th Century BCE
  3. 3. • Polis: Ancient Greek city-state• Key events in Athens during the 5th century: – Emergence of democracy – The Persian Wars (449 – 499 BCE) – The Peloponnesian War (431 – 401 BCE)• The Delian League – An association of city-states lead by Athens
  4. 4. Athenian Culture• Philosophy – Socrates, Plato, Aristotle• History – Herodotus• Art – Sculpture – Architecture – Theatre• Religion – Polytheistic
  5. 5. Dionysus• God of theatre, wine, fertility, and ritual madness• Was the son of Zeus, his mother was a mortal woman• Discovered the process of wine-making• Could transform into a lion• Was worshiped at festivals where theatre was performed
  6. 6. Theatre Festivals• Greek theatre was performed at three religious festivals throughout the year.• Dramatists competed for awards in writing, and actors competed for awards in performing.• At the Great Dionysia, three playwrights would present a trilogy of tragedies and a satyr play.• Plays were funded by a wealthy citizen- sponsor.
  7. 7. Greek Theatre at Epidaurus (rebuilt by the Romans)
  8. 8. Greek Actors• Thespis was the first winner of the tragic acting contest in 534 BCE• Each actor played several roles• Masks were used• Costumes were used to show: – Ethnicity – Gender – Social Role• All actors were male
  9. 9. Masks
  10. 10. Aeschylus• C. 525 – 455 BCE• Known for introducing the second actor• Often described as “the father of tragedy”• 70 – 80 tragedies are ascribed to him• 7 are intact• His most famous work is The Orestia
  11. 11. Sophocles• C 497 – 406 BCE• Reportedly wrote over 120 plays• 7 survive• His most famous tragedy is Oedipus Rex
  12. 12. Oedipus Rex
  13. 13. Euripides• 480 – 406 BCE• Wrote over 90 plays• 19 survive• His work was controversial• He criticized imperialism and war
  14. 14. Medea
  15. 15. Aristophanes• 446 – 386 BCE• Known for writing comedies• 11 of his 46 plays survive• Satirized war, government, and society
  16. 16. A recent production of Frogs
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