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ENGL220 Greek Drama


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ENGL220 Greek Drama

  1. 1. Greek Drama Early Greek Theatre
  2. 2. The Amphitheatre
  3. 3. Greek Comedy
  4. 4. Thalia, muse of comedy
  5. 5. An actor playing Zeus in a comedy
  6. 6. Early comedies were much like burlesque—crude humor and lots of sexual antics
  7. 7. Later, when Athens became a democracy, plays began to incorporate political satire
  8. 8. Lysistrata, by Aristophanes, is a comedy still performed frequently today
  9. 9. The women of Greece, tired of war, go on a sex strike for peace.
  10. 10. The men suffer, but the women are adamant.
  11. 11. Tragedy
  12. 12. A key part of tragic drama was the chorus
  13. 13. All the actors were men, and all wore masks
  14. 14. Oedipus Rex (the king) or Oedipus Tyrannus (the tyrant)
  15. 15. The action takes place in front of the palace in the Greek city of Thebes
  16. 16. Thebes was founded by Cadmus, cursed because he killed a dragon
  17. 17. An Oracle consulted at Oedipus’ birth said the child would murder its father
  18. 18. The child was taken to the mountains
  19. 19. Its ankles were pierced, and it was left to die
  20. 20. Oedipus is known in Greek mythology for being declared a Greek hero. In the myth of Oedipus, he lived up to the requests of what was called the Delphic oracle and murdered his father, King Laius out of pure rage and jealousy. As the story evolves, Oedipus unknowingly marries his own mother, Queen Jocasta and creates a family with her (Freeman and Strean 13). Resulting from his marriage, Oedipus created three intersecting crossroads. In stating this, it is meant that he engaged in sexual activity with Jocasta and had children as an outcome of their copulation.. Therefore, Oedipus helped to create three generations (or crossroads) in which he was a part of all of them (Rudnytsky 265). The Greek meaning of Oedipus’ name is "swollen foot". Oidus means swollen and pous means foot. The first syllable of Oedipus’ name, ‘oido’, means "I know." Thus his full name could be depicted as know-foot (Rudnytsky 266). The meaning of his name reverts to his feet so much particularly because of a special marking he received when he was an infant. When he was young, he had his ankles pierced, therefore, he lives up to his name of "swollen foot" and he even had difficulties in walking (Rudnytsky 265). Ironically enough the term "swollen foot" is meant to be an allusion of an erect penis (Rudnytsky 261). Because of this association, it would be simpler to decipher the true meaning of the Oedipus myth. Overall, it has evolved into an entire story about how a boy feels towards his father in a jealous way and how a boy feels towards his mother in a sexual way. Works Cited Freeman, Lucy, and Dr. Herbert S. Strean. Freud and Women. New York: Frederick Ungar Publishing Co., 1981. Rudnytsky, Peter L. Freud and Oedipus. New York: Columbia University Press, 1987.
  21. 21. Oedipus was adopted by the King and Queen of Corinth, but left Corinth as a young man when he heard what the oracle had to say
  22. 22. At a place where three roads met, he killed some travelers who would not give way
  23. 23. When Oedipus came to the city of Thebes, he found it without its king and under the curse of a sphinx.
  24. 24. The sphinx killed any passer-by who could not answer her riddle
  25. 25. Oedipus confronted the monster
  26. 26. He was able to solve the riddle
  27. 27. The sphinx threw herself into the sea and Thebes was saved
  28. 28. King Laius having been found murdered, Oedipus was named king
  29. 29. He married Queen Jocasta
  30. 30. Oedipus and Jocasta had 2 sons and 2 daughters
  31. 31. His most famous child was his daughter Antigone
  32. 32. The action of the play begins when Thebes is suffering a terrible plague
  33. 33. Priests and citizens come to beg Oedipus for help
  34. 34. Oedipus has sent his brother-in-law (and uncle) Creon to an oracle to ask how to rid the kingdom of disease
  35. 35. Creon returns, telling Oedipus and the people that the murderer of Laius must be found and removed from the city
  36. 36. Oedipus vows to find and punish the murderer
  37. 37. He sends for a witness to the murder and for the blind seer Tiresias
  38. 38. Oedipus questions Tiresias
  39. 39. Tiresias refuses to name the murderer
  40. 40. The furious Oedipus demands an answer
  41. 41. Tiresias tells the king that he murdered Laius
  42. 42. Oedipus refuses to believe Tiresias
  43. 43. He accuses Creon of plotting to seize the throne of Thebes
  44. 44. Jocasta reveals information about the murder of her first husband
  45. 45. The witness admits that Laius and his men were killed by one man
  46. 46. The murder occurred at a place where three roads meet
  47. 47. Oedipus becomes worried
  48. 48. A messenger arrives from Corinth
  49. 49. He reveals that Oedipus was adopted by the king and queen of Corinth
  50. 50. The shepherd who brought the child to Corinth is sent for
  51. 51. Jocasta gets nervous
  52. 52. Jocasta urges Oedipus to ignore oracles
  53. 53. But Oedipus presses on
  54. 54. The shepherd is questioned and admits to taking Jocasta’s child to Corinth
  55. 55. As Oedipus realizes it is he who indeed murdered his father and married his mother, he receives news of Jocasta’s suicide
  56. 56. Oedipus blinds himself with the brooches from Jocasta’s robe
  57. 57. He requests exile from king Creon
  58. 58. He will be guided by his young daughters
  59. 59. He leaves Thebes, and the plague ends