Athens Golden Age


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Athens Golden Age

  1. 1. Greece wins! Now what? • Working together in the Persian Wars reminded the Greek city-states how much they have in common! • They started to refer to themselves more collectively as “Greeks” , than they had done in the past. • New found confidence led to the development of stunning cultural achievements. None more so than in Athens.
  2. 2. • The Athenians were determined to rebuild their city and make it the most spectacular in the ancient world! • the achievements of the Athenians - in theater, philosophy, sculpture, architecture, and government - were so numerous that many have referred to the period as the "Golden Age" of Athens!
  3. 3. Layout of Athens
  4. 4. Overview of Athens! • • • • Settled 2000BCE Named after Athena, goddess of wisdom Became democratic c. 510 BCE Became the center of Greek culture and economy
  5. 5. Athens’ Golden Age 460 BCE-429 BCE AKA: Age of Pericles
  6. 6. Acropolis • • • • High hill above city Provided protection Built religious temples to Athena Rebuilt after the Persian Wars
  7. 7. Parthenon • White marble temple built in honor of Athena • Finest of the Greek architecture • famous statue of Athena inside • Columns: 3 types (“orders”) – Doric, Ionian, Corinthian
  8. 8. Greek Columns make a sketch each type of column in your notes Doric Ionic Corinthian
  9. 9. Agora • • • • • Marketplace Built around the acropolis Rebuilt after Persian War Center of Athenian social life Temples, government buildings, marketplace, recreation, and socialization
  10. 10. Pericles • Military and political leader • Rebuilds Athens after the Persian Wars • Made Athens more democratic: – Paid for being on the Council of 500 – Allowed poor people to participate in government • Sometime the “Golden Age” of Athens is known as the “Age of Pericles”
  11. 11. Historians • Herodotus – 1st Historian of the Western world – Traveled- wrote about people and their countries – Wrote about the Persian Wars – Identified if he heard about it OR if he saw it first hand – “Father of History” • Thucydides – Wrote “History of the Peloponnesian War” – Worked to make history accurate and fair
  12. 12. Art • • • • • Glorified human beings Pride in city-state Combines beauty and usefulness Show mythological and everyday events Paintings – Most are lost or damaged – Best on pottery (Red and Black figure painting)
  13. 13. Sculptures • Myron – Created the Discus Thrower • Phidias – Statue of Athena – Zeus at the temple of Olympia – Acropolis and the Parthenon
  14. 14. Theater • Drama= plays containing actions or dialogue, involving conflict or emotion • Tragedies= main character struggles against fate or events, main character suffers • Comedies= makes fun of ideas and people • Men played all parts and wore masks
  15. 15. Theater- famous playwrights Sophocles ◦ Defended traditional Greek values ◦ Perfect examples of tragedy ◦ Oedipus Rex- kills dad, marries mom, stabs own eyes own Euripides ◦ Realist, questions old beliefs and ideas ◦ Medea- tragedy of revenge, Medea seeks revenge on cheating husband
  16. 16. Theater- famous playwrights • Aeschylus – Writes over 80 plays! – “Father of Greek Tragedy” – Plays have a strong moral and religious emphasis • Aristophanes – Finest writer of the Greek Comedy – Makes fun of ideas and people • Clouds: makes fun of Socrates
  17. 17. Philosophers • Philosophy- study of basic human questions and existence • Socrates – Education was the key to personal growth – Question everything! Trained students to think for themselves (Socratic method) – Accused of “corrupting young minds” and is sentenced to death” – Drinks Hemlock to die –
  18. 18. Philosophy • Plato (Student of Socrates) – Wealthy aristocrat – “The Republic” which descrives his idea of the perfect society and government- people should be ruled by a small group of intelligent people
  19. 19. Philosophy • Aristotle – Student of Plato, teacher to Alexander the Great – Studied a variety of subjects • Collected facts, organized and categorized plants and animals – Believed every type of government could be good • Value of the leader
  20. 20. Other Greek Superstars  • Pythagoras: – Philosopher – Explained everything with Math! – Pythagorean Theorem • Euclid: – “Father of Geometry” – Write Elements: basis for many of today’s geometry textbooks
  21. 21. • Hippocrates – “Father of Medical Science” – Observation, experiment, experience – Hippocratic Oath: code of ethic for doctors • Archimedes: – Calculates Pi – Used math a physics for practical uses