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ART HISTORY“THE GREEKS”   “ Art is the desire of a man to express   himself, to record the reactions of his   personality ...
DIFFERENT PHASES OF ANCIENT GREEK                              ART   Mycenaean art (1550 to 1200 BC )    - The latter lea...
   Proto-Geometric (1025 - 900 BC)    - decorated with simple shapes, black bands and    wavy lines.    - both technique ...
   Geometric Art (900 - 700 BC)    - Pottery decoration moved beyond simple shapes to also    include animals and humans....
   Archaic Art (700 - 480 BC)    - best known for the beginnings of realistic    depictions of humans.    - limestone kou...
   Classical Art (480 - 323 BC)    - period that human statues became so heroically proportioned.    - they were reflecti...
GREEK TEMPLE ARCHITECTURE              temple of Athena , Greek goddess ofDoric order   wisdom, on the Acropolis in Athens...
Ionic order   temple from the middle classical period of Greek              art and architecture, built on the Acropolis o...
Is the highest, most slender, andCorinthian   most decorative among the three. It  Order      uses Oriental decorative ele...
GREEKIDEAL OF BEAUTYFourth Century BC
Near the end of 5th century…•Artists achieved art mastery•Ordinary Greek people became more conscious of Art •They wanted ...
Praxiteles•Pupil of Phidias, said to be one of the greatest sculptors of Classical Greece  •Became the Chief sculptor in 4...
Praxiteles• “Hermes holding the infant  Dionysus”• Graceful appearance  achieved by using the “S  Curve” or later known as...
Praxiteles•“Venus de Medici”•Either done by Praxiteles himself or his school•Said to be the first Portrayal of a nude femi...
Other works attributed to Praxiteles’ school of art
Erechtheum • A three-in-one temple for Erechtheus, Poseidon, and Athena
Notable Traits of Erechtheum• Caryatids
Notable Traits of Erechtheum• One of the best usages of Ionic Order• Ionic Order • Architectural design focusing on the us...
Notable Traits of Erechtheum• “Nike untying her Sandal”
Lysippus•Personal sculptor of Alexander the Great•Emphasized the faces of his work’s animation and expression of personali...
Lysippus• Face of Alexander the Great
Lysippus• Eros stringing the bow
GREEK MUSIC
Greek Music•Two Meanings:•Mathematics of Music•Music and Poetry
Mathematics of Music• Laws of Governing Vibrations of tones and their  application in the seven scales used in Greek Music...
Mathematics of Music• Ancient Greek Musical System
Mathematics of Music• Differences of Ancient Greek Music to Modern Music • Contained no Harmony in the modern sense  • Whe...
Music and Poetry• Musicality of Poetry • Music existed without poetry but poetry could not exist   without music • Word an...
Music and Poetry• Singing should always be accompanied with instruments
Music and Poetry• Seven Stringed Lyre • Accompanied Lyric Poetry  • Due to its restrained tone  • Said to be also the inst...
Music and Poetry•Cithara• Accompanied Lyric Poetry and  preferred by professional players  over the lyre• More sonorous th...
Music and Poetry• Aulos • Has a shrill and   penetrating sound  • “More stirring and    Passionate” • Used by the cult of ...
Music and Poetry• Festival of Dionysus • Dionysus is the God of Wine, merrymaking and fertility  • Plays, mostly Greek tra...
Music and Poetry• Highest form of Choric Poetry: • Dithyramb   • Consists of :     • Strophe (Turn) - first part of an ode...
Music and Poetry• Dithyramb was chanted by twelve singers in a chorus • Chanted in slow, rhythmic, steps • Tried to follow...
GREEK LITERATURE
Aeschylus• Both a musician and a fighter• Lived during the time of the Persian Wars• Contributions: • Removed the restrain...
Aeschylus• “Will to live in face of death” is a common  underlying theme in his plays• Exalts death and suffering
Tragedy• Aristotle said: • Imitation of life situations that are serious, complete, of   considerable magnitude, and couch...
Sophocles• Wrote 123 plays (7 survived  the passage of time)• Wrote famous plays that  had shown warmth and  human sympath...
Euripides• Most modern Greek tragedy  writer• Well acquainted to people’s  sufferings• Critical, subversive, destructi  ve...
Aristophanes• Master of Greek Comedy  • Wrote 40 comedies (11 surviving)  • Comedy  • Mad, rollicking, vivacious, and live...
Greek art (discussed as of august 14)
Greek art (discussed as of august 14)
Greek art (discussed as of august 14)
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Greek art (discussed as of august 14)

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Greek art (discussed as of august 14)

  1. 1. ART HISTORY“THE GREEKS” “ Art is the desire of a man to express himself, to record the reactions of his personality to the world he lives in. ~Amy Lowell”
  2. 2. DIFFERENT PHASES OF ANCIENT GREEK ART Mycenaean art (1550 to 1200 BC ) - The latter learned a few thing, including how to build gates and tombs. - Mycenaean were awesome goldsmiths and potters. - They raised pottery from merely functional to beautifully decorative, and segued right out of the Bronze Age into their own insatiable appetite for gold.
  3. 3.  Proto-Geometric (1025 - 900 BC) - decorated with simple shapes, black bands and wavy lines. - both technique in creating, and shapes of pots were being refined.
  4. 4.  Geometric Art (900 - 700 BC) - Pottery decoration moved beyond simple shapes to also include animals and humans. - use of simple geometric shapes.
  5. 5.  Archaic Art (700 - 480 BC) - best known for the beginnings of realistic depictions of humans. - limestone kouros (male) and kore (female) statues were created - always showing young, nude, smiling persons.
  6. 6.  Classical Art (480 - 323 BC) - period that human statues became so heroically proportioned. - they were reflective of Greek Humanistic belief in the nobility of man - desire to look a bit like gods.
  7. 7. GREEK TEMPLE ARCHITECTURE temple of Athena , Greek goddess ofDoric order wisdom, on the Acropolis in Athens. The Parthenon was built in the 5th century BC, and despite the enormous damage it has sustained over the centuries, it still communicates the ideals of order and harmony for which Greek architecture is known.
  8. 8. Ionic order temple from the middle classical period of Greek art and architecture, built on the Acropolis of Athens between 421 and 405BC. The Erechtheum contained sanctuaries to Athena Polias, Poseidon, and Erechtheus.
  9. 9. Is the highest, most slender, andCorinthian most decorative among the three. It Order uses Oriental decorative elements like the acanthus leaves at the top of the column. It exaggerated sentiment and emotional extravagance of the Hellenistic Period.
  10. 10. GREEKIDEAL OF BEAUTYFourth Century BC
  11. 11. Near the end of 5th century…•Artists achieved art mastery•Ordinary Greek people became more conscious of Art •They wanted less ideal, more natural and more graceful works of art
  12. 12. Praxiteles•Pupil of Phidias, said to be one of the greatest sculptors of Classical Greece •Became the Chief sculptor in 4th Century Greek Society
  13. 13. Praxiteles• “Hermes holding the infant Dionysus”• Graceful appearance achieved by using the “S Curve” or later known as the “Praxiteles Curve”• Less god-like and more natural appearance
  14. 14. Praxiteles•“Venus de Medici”•Either done by Praxiteles himself or his school•Said to be the first Portrayal of a nude feminine body
  15. 15. Other works attributed to Praxiteles’ school of art
  16. 16. Erechtheum • A three-in-one temple for Erechtheus, Poseidon, and Athena
  17. 17. Notable Traits of Erechtheum• Caryatids
  18. 18. Notable Traits of Erechtheum• One of the best usages of Ionic Order• Ionic Order • Architectural design focusing on the use of Volutes
  19. 19. Notable Traits of Erechtheum• “Nike untying her Sandal”
  20. 20. Lysippus•Personal sculptor of Alexander the Great•Emphasized the faces of his work’s animation and expression of personality•One the great sculptors of Classical Greece
  21. 21. Lysippus• Face of Alexander the Great
  22. 22. Lysippus• Eros stringing the bow
  23. 23. GREEK MUSIC
  24. 24. Greek Music•Two Meanings:•Mathematics of Music•Music and Poetry
  25. 25. Mathematics of Music• Laws of Governing Vibrations of tones and their application in the seven scales used in Greek Music• Used a unique and much more complicated scale compared to the common “major” and “minor” scales used nowadays • Added sub-scales to the now common diatonic scales
  26. 26. Mathematics of Music• Ancient Greek Musical System
  27. 27. Mathematics of Music• Differences of Ancient Greek Music to Modern Music • Contained no Harmony in the modern sense • When the term Harmony is used by them, it meant “melody” • When the term “Symphony” is used, it meant two tones being heard at the same time
  28. 28. Music and Poetry• Musicality of Poetry • Music existed without poetry but poetry could not exist without music • Word and tone, poem and melody were created simultaneously • Melody supported and vivified the poetic text • Two-, three-, or four-beat measures of poems originated from the “iambic, trochaic, anapaestic, and dactylic” meters of Greek poetry
  29. 29. Music and Poetry• Singing should always be accompanied with instruments
  30. 30. Music and Poetry• Seven Stringed Lyre • Accompanied Lyric Poetry • Due to its restrained tone • Said to be also the instrument Apollo played • Instrument of the Apollonian cult from Delos
  31. 31. Music and Poetry•Cithara• Accompanied Lyric Poetry and preferred by professional players over the lyre• More sonorous than the lyre, but it is simply a type of lyre
  32. 32. Music and Poetry• Aulos • Has a shrill and penetrating sound • “More stirring and Passionate” • Used by the cult of Dionysus
  33. 33. Music and Poetry• Festival of Dionysus • Dionysus is the God of Wine, merrymaking and fertility • Plays, mostly Greek tragedies, were held inside the Theatre of Dionysus on the Southern slope of Acropolis
  34. 34. Music and Poetry• Highest form of Choric Poetry: • Dithyramb • Consists of : • Strophe (Turn) - first part of an ode, chanted from right to left • Antistrophe (counter turn)–response to Strophe, chanted in the opposite direction • Epode (Aftersong) – third part of an ode, completed the movement
  35. 35. Music and Poetry• Dithyramb was chanted by twelve singers in a chorus • Chanted in slow, rhythmic, steps • Tried to follow Ethos • Basis of the Greek Tragedies • Followed an AAB pattern
  36. 36. GREEK LITERATURE
  37. 37. Aeschylus• Both a musician and a fighter• Lived during the time of the Persian Wars• Contributions: • Removed the restrains of the form of Dithyramb • Added another actor • Reduced the chorus to fifteen from its previously 24 member status • Made around 90 plays
  38. 38. Aeschylus• “Will to live in face of death” is a common underlying theme in his plays• Exalts death and suffering
  39. 39. Tragedy• Aristotle said: • Imitation of life situations that are serious, complete, of considerable magnitude, and couched in poetic language • Dramatic and evokes emotions such as fear, pity, and others • Should show the transition from happiness to misery of a character • Should be integrated very well that any scene cannot be removed • Emphasize Catharsis (“Purging”)
  40. 40. Sophocles• Wrote 123 plays (7 survived the passage of time)• Wrote famous plays that had shown warmth and human sympathy• Writer of “Oedipus Rex”
  41. 41. Euripides• Most modern Greek tragedy writer• Well acquainted to people’s sufferings• Critical, subversive, destructi ve• Lived during the Peloponnesian war• Portrayed the hideousness of cruelty and passion
  42. 42. Aristophanes• Master of Greek Comedy • Wrote 40 comedies (11 surviving) • Comedy • Mad, rollicking, vivacious, and lively • Three actors, 24 chorus (song and dance) • Included a commentary by the author halfway through the performance

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