“the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of persons by improper means, such as, force, abduction, fraud, or coercion, for an improper purpose, like forced or coerced labor, servitude, slavery, or sexual exploitation.”
Based on the UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women. (2000)
Mandated under “Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000” to issue three annual reports 2000, 2001, 2002. The report ranks countries in one of three tiers:
Tier 1 = complying with all laws
Tier 2 = efforts to combat trafficking
Tier 3 = ignoring or promoting trafficking
2001 - Afghanistan, Armenia, Bahrain, Belarus, Bosnia, Cambodia, Greece, Indonesia, Iraq, Japan, Kyrgystan, Lebanon, Myanmar, Russia, Sudan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates.
2000 - Albania, Bahrain, Belarus, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Burma, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Greece, Indonesia, Israel, Kazakhstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Pakistan, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Sudan, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
Moderately successful in aiding victims on a case by case basis. In general direct service organizations excel at specific tasks, i.e., translation services. With this in mind, it is a travesty that these organizations most often fail to coordinate amongst other service providers . This lack of potentially synergistic alliances, contributes to the current situation of mediocre care.
With UN Protocol as evidence, trafficking advocates largely successful in encouraging trafficking legislation worldwide. Also generally successful in implementing regional and enforcement-oriented supplemental legislation . The present advocacy task of legislation enforcement is an arduous battle. However, all indicators point to a marked increase in trafficking awareness and widespread concern .
Human trafficking is an egregious human rights violation that did not rapidly emerge and will not promptly depart.
Thankfully, governments, NGO’s, and foundations are beginning to recognize the necessity of trafficking protection, prosecution, and prevention. However, increased awareness and resources are crucial to successfully eradicate human trafficking.
The time is ripe for foundations if properly focused and coordinated to enter the human trafficking arena with confidence that their resources will generate substantial and essential alleviation.