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Human Trafficking Tier
Human Trafficking Tier
Human Trafficking Tier
Human Trafficking Tier
Human Trafficking Tier
Human Trafficking Tier
Human Trafficking Tier
Human Trafficking Tier
Human Trafficking Tier
Human Trafficking Tier
Human Trafficking Tier
Human Trafficking Tier
Human Trafficking Tier
Human Trafficking Tier
Human Trafficking Tier
Human Trafficking Tier
Human Trafficking Tier
Human Trafficking Tier
Human Trafficking Tier
Human Trafficking Tier
Human Trafficking Tier
Human Trafficking Tier
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Human Trafficking Tier


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  • Initiative Research for the Kimsey Foundation By: Casey Czubay
  • Transcript

    • 1. Human Trafficking
    • 2.
    • 3. Human Trafficking:
      • “the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of persons by improper means, such as, force, abduction, fraud, or coercion, for an improper purpose, like forced or coerced labor, servitude, slavery, or sexual exploitation.”
      • Based on the UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women. (2000)
    • 4. Quick Statistics
      • Trafficking is the 3 rd largest international crime.
      • • 700,000 to 4 million women and children are trafficked annually worldwide.
          • 50,000 women and children are trafficked into the U.S. each year for sexual exploitation.
          • 500,000 women are trafficked annually into Western Europe.
        • Criminal groups in Russia net an est. $7 billion (USD) annually from trafficking.
      • Worldwide, trafficking is fastest growing in Eastern Europe.
      • .
    • 5. Additional Statistics
      • 2/3 of 500,000 women trafficked annually for prostitution worldwide are Eastern European.
        • • In 1992 the Czech Republic reported only 2 cases of trafficking, 8 cases in 1993, and 10 cases in 1994. Since 1994 the reported cases have dramatically increased.
        • • Most of the 20,000 women in Czech brothels were trafficked.
        • • More than 100,000 Ukrainian women, have been trapped and enslaved as prostitutes in Western Europe.
        • • 70% of “pimps” who traffic Ukrainian women are women.
      • In 1989, 378 women from the former Soviet Union entered Japan on entertainment visas. In 1995, 4,763 Russian women entered Japan on entertainment visas.
    • 6. T.I.P. Report Trafficking In Persons
      • Mandated under “Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000” to issue three annual reports 2000, 2001, 2002. The report ranks countries in one of three tiers:
      • Tier 1 = complying with all laws
      • Tier 2 = efforts to combat trafficking
      • Tier 3 = ignoring or promoting trafficking
      • Tier 3
      • 2001 - Afghanistan, Armenia, Bahrain, Belarus, Bosnia, Cambodia, Greece, Indonesia, Iraq, Japan, Kyrgystan, Lebanon, Myanmar, Russia, Sudan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates.
      • 2000 - Albania, Bahrain, Belarus, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Burma, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Greece, Indonesia, Israel, Kazakhstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Pakistan, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Sudan, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
    • 7. T.I.P. Tier Movement
      • Tier Improving Nations from 2000 - 2001
      • Albania, the Czech Republic, France, Gabon, Israel, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Pakistan, Poland, South Korea, Romania, and Yugoslavia (14)
      • Points of interest
      • • Currently TIP evaluates 89 nations (In 2002, want to evaluate 110). Information gathered from 186 embassies/ consulates. Many nations not included because of lack of substantial information.
      • • 2001 - 89 countries listed as follows: Tier 1 = 18 countries,
      • Tier 2 = 52 countries, Tier 3 = 19 countries.
      • • Two countries from the 2001 Report were not included on the 2000 Report. (Austria and Sweden)
    • 8. Significant Catalysts Recent Events Contributing to Increased Trafficking
      • Fall of the Soviet Union in 1991
      • Increased capacity for global migration
      • Increased wealth gap
      • Decline of the Asian Financial Markets
      • (Mid- late 1990’s)
    • 9. Policy Trends
      • Advocacy Direct Services
      • Vital Voices, La Strada, UN Foundation,
      • Human Rights Law Group, UNICEF, Safe Horizons, ILO,
      • UNICEF, UN Foundation IOFA, Safe Horizons
    • 10. Direct Services Advocacy
    • 11. Advocacy
    • 12. Advocacy
      • Lobby for initial legislation at regional, national, and international level.
      • Lobby for greater specificity, enforcement, and implementation of existing laws.
      • Educate lawmakers, law enforcement, other advocates, and the public about trafficking.
      • Prominent Organizations:
      • UNICEF, UN Foundation, Human Rights Law Group, Vital Voices
    • 13. Direct Services
    • 14. Direct Services
      • Counseling
      • Medicinal Attention
      • Translation
      • Legal Aid (visa, testimony)
      • Monetary Assistance
      • Housing
      • Reintegration Efforts
      • Prominent Organizations:
      • UNICEF, UN Foundation, La Strada, Safe Horizons
    • 15. Concerned/Interested Parties
      • UNICEF
      • ILO
      • UNDEP
      • State Department
        • IOM
      • Georgetown University
      • Protection Project (Johns Hopkins Univ.)
      • UN Foundation
      • Carnegie Endowment
      • Eurasia Foundation
      • Ford Foundation
      • MacArthur Foundation
      • Mott Foundation
      • Smith Richardson Foundation
    • 16. Assessment
      • Direct Services
      • Moderately successful in aiding victims on a case by case basis. In general direct service organizations excel at specific tasks, i.e., translation services. With this in mind, it is a travesty that these organizations most often fail to coordinate amongst other service providers . This lack of potentially synergistic alliances, contributes to the current situation of mediocre care.
      • Advocacy
      • With UN Protocol as evidence, trafficking advocates largely successful in encouraging trafficking legislation worldwide. Also generally successful in implementing regional and enforcement-oriented supplemental legislation . The present advocacy task of legislation enforcement is an arduous battle. However, all indicators point to a marked increase in trafficking awareness and widespread concern .
    • 17. Initiative Possibilities
      • 1. Coordinate Foundation/Donor Conference
      • Sponsor Vital Voices Global Leadership Institute (Human Trafficking focus)
      • Create organization coordinator position within La Strada
    • 18. Host Trafficking Conference
      • Opportunity to create discussion and dialogue.
      • Brainstorm effective methods of involvement.
      • Identify potential future program partners.
    • 19. Sponsor Vital Voices Trafficking Conference
      • Educate regional leaders.
      • Obtain true leverage through empowering individuals with practical skills necessary to engender change.
      • Involve the DC community.
    • 20. Create Coordinator Position
      • Establish position in the La Strada organization to coordinate activity amongst the La Strada offices.
      • Additionally this coordinator would:
      • • Harmonize reintegration efforts, conferences and advocacy.
          • Generate organized and efficient European anti-trafficking efforts.
          • Facilitate greater U.S. involvement in European anti-trafficking efforts by functioning as an informed contact person.
    • 21. Conclusions
      • Human trafficking is an egregious human rights violation that did not rapidly emerge and will not promptly depart.
      • Thankfully, governments, NGO’s, and foundations are beginning to recognize the necessity of trafficking protection, prosecution, and prevention. However, increased awareness and resources are crucial to successfully eradicate human trafficking.
      • The time is ripe for foundations if properly focused and coordinated to enter the human trafficking arena with confidence that their resources will generate substantial and essential alleviation.