• Co-Curricular activities are those
activities, which are undertaken side by
side with the curricular activities.
• They supplement curricular activities and
prepare the students in the “Art of Living
and Working Together.”
• Secondary educational commission
(1952 - 1953) comments on the
importance of co- curricular activities
“co-curricular activities are as
integral part of curricular activities of
a school and their proper
organization needs just as much care
and forethought as the organization
of curricular activities.”
• According to Mahatma Gandhi “By
education, I mean an all-round drawing
out of the best in child and man - body,
mind and spirit.”
• All-roundness is the theme of modern
education which recognizes that when the
child comes to the school, he comes for
mental, physical, social, spiritual and
vocational education and as such he must
be educated and nourished in all of them.
IMPORTANCE OF CO- CURRICULAR
ACTIVITIES IN EDUCATION
• According to the modern concept of
education, the three traditional Rs should be
replaced by seven Rs, i.e., Reading, Writing
and Arithmetic ( denoting school subjects in
the old concept of education), Rights,
Responsibilities, Recreation and Relationships
(new four Rs in the context of democratic
values). This can be achieved only by
providing a well-organized and supervised
program of co-curricular activities along
with curricular program.
• Co-curricular activities are instrumental
for drawing out the best potentialities of
• Boosting the place of the co-curriculum
in schools will equip young people with
the civic spirit, initiative and organizing
skills to set up their own clubs, teams
and activity groups when they leave
• Changes in the philosophical and
psychological ideas have now given
a new direction to the school
• Co-curricular activities prepare
students practically for future. The
normal curriculum can only go so far
as to teach and educate students
about academic theories.
• It ensures that students
are exposed to practical
tasks, not just what is
taught in the class.
• Students have a right to a
• Successful co-curriculum often
depends on building links between the
school and the wider community,
bringing local enthusiasts in to work
with students, and sending students
out to work on community projects,
help in primary schools, perform for
local audiences, etc.
Principles for the organization Of
different co-curricular activities
• The school should have only those activities
for which there are possibilities of making
• As far as possible a wide variety of activities
may be organized.
• Too many activities should not be introduced
at a time.
• The activity should organize within school
• Activity should organize under the
supervision of teachers who are experts
and are really interested.
• As far as possible activities should be of
less expensive and feasible.
• Every student should be given equal
• In each activity the role of the teacher
should be that of a facilitator.
• Each activity should be evaluated and
detailed records should be maintained.
TYPES OF CO-CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES
1. Academic development
2. Aesthetic development
3. Cultural development
4. Emotional development
5. Leisure utilization activities
6. Literacy development
7. Moral development
8. Physical development
9. Productive activities
10. Social development
11. Scientific temperament
12. Spiritual development
activities in vocational
13. Multipurpose activities
1. ACADEMIC DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES
Preparation of Charts, Models, etc.
School Magazines, Essay writing, Story writing
Subject clubs: E.g.- Social science club,
Geographical clubs, etc.
2. AESTHETIC DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES
Drawing, Painting, Decoration
3. CUTURAL DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES
Visit to Assembly and
4. EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES
Celebration of National and International
5. LEISURE UTILISATION ACTIVITIES
Album making, Coin collecting and
6. LITERACY DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES
7. MORAL DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES
Celebration of birthdays of great men
8. PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES
Indoor and outdoor games
9. PRODUCTIVE ACTIVITIES
Clay work, Manufacture of teaching aids
Embroidery and tailoring
Craft work, book binding
Card board work
10. SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES
Junior Red Cross
National service scheme, NCC etc
11. SCIENTIFIC TEMPERAMENT
Field trips, etc.
12. SPIRITUAL DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES IN
VOCATIONAL ORIENTED ACTIVITIES
School choir, Yoga
13. MULTI PURPOSE ACTIVITIES AND
Tree plantation, Adult education,
Community service and awareness,
Beautification and cleanliness of school
campus. Social service, Social survey.
ROLE OF A TEACHER IN CO-CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES
Teachers should take an active interest in
organizing co curricular activities as an
integral part of the school program.
• In the teaching of subjects, they get
innumerable opportunities to suggest a
variety of activities. The scope of activities
is very fast.
• The language teachers can organize essay
competitions, handwriting competitions,
debates, spelling competitions, etc.
• Social studies teachers can take up
projects on the lives of great historical
figures. Several types of maps could be
prepared. Excursions to places of historical
importance may be organized. Social
surveys could be undertaken.
• The science teachers can develop scientific
creativity among the students by providing
appropriate creative thoughts.
• As a matter of fact, scope of organizing
co- curricular activities is unlimited.
Hary C. Mckown has very aptly observed:
“A school with only co-curricular
activities would be as absurd as a
school without them.” In other words
an ideal balance has to be struck
between the curricular and co-