Supporting open data use through active engagement (Annotated version)
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Supporting open data use through active engagement (Annotated version)

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Presentation from the W3C Using Open Data workshop in Brussels, June 2012 (http://www.w3.org/2012/06/pmod/agenda). Based on this paper: http://www.w3.org/2012/06/pmod/pmod2012_submission_5.pdf (PDF). ...

Presentation from the W3C Using Open Data workshop in Brussels, June 2012 (http://www.w3.org/2012/06/pmod/agenda). Based on this paper: http://www.w3.org/2012/06/pmod/pmod2012_submission_5.pdf (PDF). Non-annotated version at http://www.slideshare.net/timdavies/open-data-engagement-using-open-data-w3c-workshop

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Supporting open data use through active engagement (Annotated version) Supporting open data use through active engagement (Annotated version) Presentation Transcript

  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism Supporting open data use through active engagement Tim Davies - @timdavies General blog: http://www.timdavies.org.uk Research blog: http://www.opendataimpacts.net Academic profile: http://ecs.soton.ac.uk/people/tgd1g11 (Most of the analysis based on a 2010 Survey of Open Government Data re-use from Data.gov.uk.Data available at http://www.opendataimpacts.net/survey/. Other elements draw on experiences from the International Aid Transparency Initiative - see www.aidinfolabs.org) 19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies
  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism Supporting open data use through active engagement Tim Davies - @timdavies General blog: http://www.timdavies.org.uk Research blog: http://www.opendataimpacts.net Academic profile: http://ecs.soton.ac.uk/people/tgd1g11 (Most of the analysis based on a 2010 Survey of Open Government Data re-use from Data.gov.uk.Data available at http://www.opendataimpacts.net/survey/. iOther elements draw on experiences from n Anno tated vers osee www.aidinfolabs.org) the International Aid Transparency Initiativee-ally make sense ep ictures only r (as some of th extra words... ) with a few 19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies
  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism lysis in open The con ventional ana a se open data, data i s that we rele and we get apps... Data App 19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies
  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism tice open data But we kno w that in prac at. Open data involve s more than th n lead to app s, interfaces, ca ts, derived da ta Fact informa tion and repor and acce ss to facts... { Data Data Information Interface AppDavies, T. (2010). Open data, democracy and public sector reform: A look at open government data use from data. gov. uk. - Accessed from http://www.opendataimpacts.net/report/ 19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies
  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism tice open data But we kno w that in prac at. Open data involve s more than th n lead to app s, interfaces, ca ts, derived da ta Fact informa tion and repor and acce ss to facts... { Data Data Information Note: Each use of data in Interface volves making some normative decision s, and fixing some variables of the data with App implications for ‘downstream’ re-uses of the data...Davies, T. (2010). Open data, democracy and public sector reform: A look at open government data use from data. gov. uk. - Accessed from http://www.opendataimpacts.net/report/ 19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies
  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism Data to information; data to facts t many uses of data will W e should not forget tha ses of open data to involv e simple tools. Many u g across involved printin infl uence policy I’ve come o und a table with key a spr eadsheet out, getting r people, a nd talking about it. The highligh ter pen is pe common dat rhaps one of a visualisatio the most n tools out th ere... 19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies
  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism Information Interface Data App With that luddite point made - let us take a detailed technical look at how open data is used to make apps and interactive interfaces Based on the research in this paper...Kuk, G., & Davies, T. (2011). The Roles of Agency and Artifacts in Assembling Open Data Complementarities. Thirty Second International Conference on Information Systems 19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies
  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism Information Interface Data AppKuk, G., & Davies, T. (2011). The Roles of Agency and Artifacts in Assembling Open Data Complementarities. Thirty Second International Conference on Information Systems 19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies
  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism Information Interface Open Data Data App We start with open data, b often data ne ut e d s cl e a n i n g before it can up be used... = physical artefact = material agency = human agencyKuk, G., & Davies, T. (2011). The Roles of Agency and Artifacts in Assembling Open Data Complementarities. Thirty Second International Conference on Information Systems 19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies
  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism Information Interface Open Data Improve Data Data App Quality Cleaned Data = physical artefact = material agency = human agencyKuk, G., & Davies, T. (2011). The Roles of Agency and Artifacts in Assembling Open Data Complementarities. Thirty Second International Conference on Information Systems 19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies
  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism Information Interface Open Data Improve Data Data App Quality API or Cleaned Cleaned Data Data e d up data is mad Dump The cleane accessible thr ough APIs or as data dumps = physical artefact = material agency = human agencyKuk, G., & Davies, T. (2011). The Roles of Agency and Artifacts in Assembling Open Data Complementarities. Thirty Second International Conference on Information Systems 19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies
  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism Information Interface Open Data Improve Data Data App Quality API or Cleaned Cleaned Data Data is contextualised Data Dump - linked to common iden tifiers and then source code is Linkable Improve written, or tools are Contextual Data Understanding configured = physical artefact Source Code Mashups & and Apps = material agency Configurations = human agencyKuk, G., & Davies, T. (2011). The Roles of Agency and Artifacts in Assembling Open Data Complementarities. Thirty Second International Conference on Information Systems 19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies
  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism Improve Data Open Data Quality API or Cleaned Cleaned Data Data is contextualised Data Dump - linked to common iden tifiers and then source code is Linkable Improve written, or tools are Contextual Data Understanding configured = physical artefact Source Code Mashups & Only then do we get to and Apps = material agency Configurations mashups or apps.... = human agency Shared Code Libraries Code &Kuk, G., & Davies, T. (2011). The Roles of Agency and Artifacts in Assembling Open Configurations Repository Data Complementarities. Thirty Second International Conference on Information Systems 19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies
  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism Improve Data Open Data Quality API or Cleaned data and use are often invisible to Cleaned Data Data Yet - all these stages between Dump ta owners, or to anyone using an a nyone visiting a data portal, to da s on the stability of each step app. T he sustainability of data use relie Contextual rtefacts along this chain Improve get f th ea of this value chain: yet many oUnderstanding Linkable Data . neglected, duplicated or disappear over time = physical artefact Source Code Mashups & and Apps = material agency Configurations = human agency Shared Code Libraries Code &Kuk, G., & Davies, T. (2011). The Roles of Agency and Artifacts in Assembling Open Configurations Repository Data Complementarities. Thirty Second International Conference on Information Systems 19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies
  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism 19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies
  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism with ve ry complicated very quickly, and Open data eco-systems can get gu sed, and understanding the open o pen data, finding how data is bein eng aging with the community... data eco-system is a question of 19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies
  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism e eco- (An aside: not all the data in thes of the systems is from government... much da ta that is relevant to processes of om democratic governance comes fr crowdsourcin g, citizens and other institutions.) 19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies
  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism Key challenges in summary: - Users of open data have diverse needs - Effective use of open data requires more than the dataset - The stability of ‘eco systems’ built on top of open data is hindered by the relative invisibility of the different stages of data re-use - Open data for policy making and governance comes from both government and from other data providers 19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies
  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism A social response Five stars of open data engagement ★  Be  demand  driven ★  ★  Put  data  in  context So - at UKGovCamp in January 2012 we looked to find of these challenges, and the ★  ★  ★    cial solutionversa4on  around  data the so Support  cons to some su★  Build   draft ‘5 Sta rs of Open Data Engagement’ re★  lt was a capacity,  skills  and  networks ★  ★   ★  ★  ★  ★  ★  Collaborate  on  data  as  a  common  resource http://www.opendataimpacts.net/engagement/Inspired   by   ques.on  from   Antonio  Acunda  of  Data.gov.uk  (@diabolus).  Developed  with  input   at   UKGovCamp  or  subsequently  online  from:   @.mdavies;   @hokulele;   @anthonyzach;   @jonfoster;   @jagus.     and   @exmosis.   Par.cular   thanks   to   Jag   (@jagus.)   and  Graham  (@exmosis)  for  ongoing  input.  Drawing  on  the  Five  Stars  of  Open  Linked  Data  outlined  by  Sir  Tim  Berners-­‐Lee,  2010.   19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies
  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism A social response Five stars of open data engagement ★  Be  demand  driven ★  ★  Put  data  in  context ★  ★  ★    Support  conversa4on  around  data ★  ★  ★  ★  Build  capacity,  skills  and  networks ★  ★  ★  ★  ★  Collaborate  on  data  as  a  common  resource http://www.opendataimpacts.net/engagement/ (And the rest of slides have lots of words on, so no moreInspired   by   ques.on  from   Antonio  Acunda  of  Data.gov.uk  (@diabolus).  Developed  with  input   at   UKGovCamp  or  subsequently  online   need for these little notes...)from:   @.mdavies;   @hokulele;   @anthonyzach;   @jonfoster;   @jagus.     and   @exmosis.   Par.cular   thanks   to   Jag   (@jagus.)   and  Graham  (@exmosis)  for  ongoing  input.  Drawing  on  the  Five  Stars  of  Open  Linked  Data  outlined  by  Sir  Tim  Berners-­‐Lee,  2010.   19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies
  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism ★  Be  demand  driven • Are  your   choices  about  the  data   you  release,  how  it  is  structured,   and   the  tools  and  support  provided  around   it   based  on  community   needs  and  demands? • Have  you  got  ways  of   listening   to   people’s  requests  for   data,   and   responding  with  open  data? 19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies
  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism ★  ★  Put  data  in  context • Do  you  provide  clear  informa>on  to  describe  that  data  you  provide,   including  informa>on  about  frequency  of  updates,  data  formats  and   data  quality? • Do   you   include   qualita>ve   informa>on   alongside   datasets   such   as   details  of  how   the  data  was  created,   or  manuals  for   working  with  the   data? • Do   you   link   from   data   catalogue   pages   to   analysis   of   the   data   that   your   organisa>on,   or   third-­‐par>es,   have   already  carried   out   with  it,   or  to  third-­‐party  tools  for  working  with  the  data? 19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies
  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism ★  ★  ★    Support  conversa4on  around  data • Can   people   comment   on   datasets,   or   create   a   structured   conversa>on   around   data   to   network   with   other   data   users? • Do  you  join  the  conversa>ons? • Are  there   easy  ways  to  contact  the  individual  ‘data   owner’   in  your  organisa>on  to  ask  them  ques>ons  about  the  data,   or  to  get  them  to  join  the  conversa>on? • Are   there   offline   opportuni>es   to   have   conversa>ons   that   involve  your  data? 19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies
  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism ★  ★  ★  ★  Build  capacity,  skills  and  networks • Do  you  provide  or  link  to  tools  for  people  to  work  with  your  datasets? • Do  you   provide  or  link  to  How  To  guidance   on   using  open   data  analysis   tools,   so  people  can  build  their   capacity  and  skills  to  interpret  and  use   data  in  the  ways  they  want  to? • Do  you  go  out  into  the  community  to  run  skill-­‐building  sessions  on  using   data  in  par>cular  ways,  or  using  par>cular  datasets? • Do  you  sponsor   or  engage  with  capacity  building  to  help  the  community   work  with    open  data? 19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies
  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism ★  ★  ★  ★  ★  Collaborate  on  data  as  a  common  resource • Do   you   have   feedback   loops   so   people   can   help   you   improve   your  datasets? • Do   you   collaborate   with   the   community   to   create   new   data   resources  (e.g.  derived  datasets)? • Do   you   broker   or   provide   support   to   people   to   build   and   sustain  useful  tools  and  services  that  work  with  your  data? • Do  you  work  with  other  organisa>ons  to  connect  up  your  data   sources. 19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies
  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism ★  Be  demand  driven ★  ★  Put  data  in  context ★  ★  ★    Support  conversa4on  around  data ★  ★  ★  ★  Build  capacity,  skills  and  networks ★  ★  ★  ★  ★  Collaborate  on  data  as  a  common  resource 19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies
  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism Concluding remarks - Supporting citizen empowerment through open data needs greater attention to the engagement dimensions of open data policy and practice; - Research needs to engage in detail with the complex and messy practices of open data re-use, and to study open datasets within their organisational, political, social and technical contexts; - We need to architect open data technologies to support effective engagement, recognising the diverse and distributed nature of open data re-use; 19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies
  • Supporting open data use through active engagementWorkshop on using open data: policy modeling, citizen empowerment, data journalism Supporting open data use through active engagement Tim Davies - @timdaviesContribute to continued development of the ‘5 stars of open data engagement’ at http://www.opendataimpacts.net/engagement/ Follow open data impacts research at http://www.opendataimpacts.net 19 - 20 June 2012, The European Commissions Albert Borschette Conference Center, Brussels Practical Participation - tim@practicalparticipation.co.uk | @timdavies