Open Data in
Official Statistics
Domenico Donvito
Director – ICT Directorate
Outline
1.Introduction
2.Open Data: International Context
3.Open Data: National Context
4.Open Data in Istat
5.Conclusions...
Open
Data
More
Sources
Linked
Data
More
Context
Social Data
More
Relationships
Shared
Data
More
Stakeholders
Source: Gartn...
OPEN LICENSE
REUSABLE
OPEN FORMAT
Resource
Description
Framework
Linked
Open
Data
All the below, plus: Link your
data to o...
Open Data: International Context
 Some EU legislative initiatives and policy actions in the
field of open data
 Revision...
Open Data: National Context
Statistical Data
• Statistical data is already “open”
 Current legislation states that statis...
Open Data in Istat – 1/2
• Our statistical production is made available to
the public as open data
• I.stat: Web warehouse...
Open Data in Istat – 2/2
• SEP: Single Exit Point
• Centralized dissemination point
of I.stat data via web-service
(machin...
I.Stat
Open Data in Official Statistics, Domenico Donvito, July 10, 2013 9
Open Data by Italian Public Administrations
(February 2013)
More than
600 datasets
published by
Istat
More than
600 datase...
Open Data in Istat – next
 Projects underway & future
projects:
SEP enhancement through
RDF-based dissemination
RDF pub...
Conclusions
 Open Data:
 Many things done…
 …still many to be done, but on the way!
 Big Data:
 Several opportunities...
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Domenico Donvito - Istat - Open Data in Official Statistics - 10 July 2013

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In questo mondo di dati, aperti
In this world of - open - data
Dans ce monde de données, ouvertes

Ambasciata del Canada, 10 luglio 2013

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Domenico Donvito - Istat - Open Data in Official Statistics - 10 July 2013

  1. 1. Open Data in Official Statistics Domenico Donvito Director – ICT Directorate
  2. 2. Outline 1.Introduction 2.Open Data: International Context 3.Open Data: National Context 4.Open Data in Istat 5.Conclusions Open Data in Official Statistics, Domenico Donvito, July 10, 2013 2
  3. 3. Open Data More Sources Linked Data More Context Social Data More Relationships Shared Data More Stakeholders Source: Gartner In the Land of Shared Data “A piece of data or content is open if anyone is free to use, reuse, and redistribute it — subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and/or share-alike.” Big Data More Data “Big data” refers to datasets whose size is beyond the ability of typical database software tools to capture, store, manage, and analyze.” Open Data in Official Statistics, Domenico Donvito, July 10, 2013 3
  4. 4. OPEN LICENSE REUSABLE OPEN FORMAT Resource Description Framework Linked Open Data All the below, plus: Link your data to other people’s data to provide context All the below, plus: Link your data to other people’s data to provide context All the below, plus: Use open standards from W3C (RDF and SPARQL) to identify things, so that people can point at your stuff All the below, plus: Use open standards from W3C (RDF and SPARQL) to identify things, so that people can point at your stuff as (2) plus non-proprietary format (e.g. CSV instead of excel) as (2) plus non-proprietary format (e.g. CSV instead of excel) Available as machine- readable structured data (e.g. excel instead of image scan of a table) Available as machine- readable structured data (e.g. excel instead of image scan of a table) Open Data 5 Star Model (Tim Berners-Lee) Available on the web (whatever format) but with an open license Available on the web (whatever format) but with an open license Open Data in Official Statistics, Domenico Donvito, July 10, 2013 4
  5. 5. Open Data: International Context  Some EU legislative initiatives and policy actions in the field of open data  Revision of the Directive 2003/98/EC on the re-use of public sector information (published on 26 june 2013)  EC Horizon 2020 offers opportunities for multi-disciplinary, collaborative research in the use of Big Data and Open Data to support key societal challenges (health, energy, transport, food, climate, and inclusive, innovative and secure societies)  At the G8 level, an “Open Data Charter” was signed by G8 leaders in June 2013 to promote transparency, innovation and accountability  Istat made available some key datasets (http://dati.gov.it) according to the agreements in the Action Plan Open Data in Official Statistics, Domenico Donvito, July 10, 2013 5
  6. 6. Open Data: National Context Statistical Data • Statistical data is already “open”  Current legislation states that statistical data “belong” to the community and must be available to everyone upon request • Statistical data is subject to confidentiality constraints Open Data in Official Statistics, Domenico Donvito, July 10, 2013 6
  7. 7. Open Data in Istat – 1/2 • Our statistical production is made available to the public as open data • I.stat: Web warehouse of statistics produced by Istat => http://dati.istat.it/ • Export formats: –CSV –SDMX (Statistical Data and Metadata eXchange) OPEN LICENSE REUSABLE OPEN FORMAT RDF LOD Open Data in Official Statistics, Domenico Donvito, July 10, 2013 7
  8. 8. Open Data in Istat – 2/2 • SEP: Single Exit Point • Centralized dissemination point of I.stat data via web-service (machine-to machine) OPEN LICENSE REUSABLE OPEN FORMAT RDF LOD Open Data in Official Statistics, Domenico Donvito, July 10, 2013 8
  9. 9. I.Stat Open Data in Official Statistics, Domenico Donvito, July 10, 2013 9
  10. 10. Open Data by Italian Public Administrations (February 2013) More than 600 datasets published by Istat More than 600 datasets published by Istat Open Data in Official Statistics, Domenico Donvito, July 10, 2013 10
  11. 11. Open Data in Istat – next  Projects underway & future projects: SEP enhancement through RDF-based dissemination RDF publication of Official Classifications Use case of RDF publication of Population Census data  Open Data Lab: test, pilot OPEN LICENSE REUSABLE OPEN FORMAT RDF LOD Open Data in Official Statistics, Domenico Donvito, July 10, 2013 11
  12. 12. Conclusions  Open Data:  Many things done…  …still many to be done, but on the way!  Big Data:  Several opportunities  Smart cities Question: Are Census Data Big Data? Answer: Not actually, but…it will be nice to have them as Open Data, or even better as Linked Open Data! Open Data in Official Statistics, Domenico Donvito, July 10, 2013 12 SD BD LD SoD OD

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