1. “ESSAY WORK” Written by JOHN RUSKIN Maiza (02) Ishrat (08) Sobia (21) Farzana (22) Mussarat (39)
2. LIFE AND WORKS OF RUSKIN If early training and habits of life, if tastes and character and associations, fix a mans nationality, then John Ruskin must be reckoned a Scotsman. John Ruskin married a gentle woman of Galloway, Catherine Twaddle. He was not to be a poet, nor an artist, nor a man of science, but the mission was laid upon him to tell the world that art also had its heroes, that the mainspring of their energy was sincerity, and the burden of their utterance was truth.
3. LIFE AND WORKS OF RUSKIN At the opening of the Working Mens College (1854), a reprint of one chapter was distuberd as a statement of conclutions drawn from the study of art respecting conditions under which the life of the workan should be regulated and Ruskin thenceforward taught drawing at the college. At forty years of age,Ruskin finished Modern Painters, which concluded the cycle of work by which he is popularly known as a writer upon art. In 1879, he retired from his professorship to the quiet of his home at Coniston.
4. RUSKIN MESSAGERuskin found his age too much engrossed in material pursuits.Itwas Ruskin who along with Carlyle, heralded a note of warning to his generation and tried to raise it to that pedestal of morality from where man as man could be perceived.Ruskin taught his age that wealth is not the equivalent of happiness.
5. Monetary habits degrade human beings and they come so shameless and cruel as to exploit their own brothers and sisters without any tinge of repentance or any fear from God.Today we agree with him when we have to tackle the labors problem.Ruskin message in this way is very practical. Man are more valuable than money.
6. The Title It was Ruskins way to chose Fanciful titles Charmingly titles Poetical titles He chooses such type of titles for his book. e.g. 1. The Seven lamb 2. Sesames and lilies.
7. The Title Thetitle The Crown Wild Olives has nothing directly to do with Latin. It is connected with Greek life. Themeaning of the title is explained by Ruskin himself in the last paragraphof the preface to the book.
8. “INDUSTRIALIZATION” PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONSRuskin was born in an industrial age.Men were less important than money.He enunciated certain Principles of life.
9. Principle work for Ruskin Modern Painters (1843-1846) The king of the Golden River (1851). The Stones of Venice (1851). Giotto and his Works in Padua (1853-1854). The Seven Lamps of (1855).
10. RUSKIN STYLEHe is certainly one of the greatest masters of English prose style.Language is flexible instrument in his hand.In the earlier writings of Ruskin, We find an ornamental, gorgeous prose.Picturesque in his literary expression.He is rich in the power of illustration.
11. HIS LATTER STYLE Specially in his socio-economic writings Sentence are not overloaded with ornament. There is no vagueness. Rhythm is the principal weapon of Ruskin. The other salient feature of Ruskins style is the length of his sentences.. The language is power full and alliterative. Ruskins great power lies in the skilful handling of mono-syllabic.
12. REFERENCE FROM BIBLEDo justice and judgment.Soon, go work today in my vineyard.They rest from their labors and their works do follow them.In the sweet of thy face thou shalt eat bread.
13. ABOUT HIS ESSAY WORKRuskin addresses the members of the Working Men’s Institute at Camber well where he has passed the greater part of his life. Such Institutes prepare the way for a great change in all the circumstances of industrial life.
14. ABOUT HIS ESSAY WORKThe author then makes his point more explicit by giving the examples of Working Men’s Colleges and Idle Men’s Colleges.Working men call their employers idle persons whereas the masters call their subordinates idle.But the fact is that there are the idle poor and idle rich.
15. ABOUT HIS ESSAY WORK There is a working class-strong and happy among both rich and poor; there is an idle class-weak, wicked and miserable among both rich and poor. There is misunderstanding between the two classes, it is because the wise of one class habitually contemplate the foolish of the other.
16. THE THIRD DISTINCTION Between the intellectual and manual laborsThe work should be done by arms, otherwise none of us could live.Brain work must also be done otherwise life would not be worth living.
17. THE THIRD DISTINCTION Between the intellectual and manual laborsRough work is to be done by rough men and gentle work by gentlemen.Rough work is at all events real, honest and generally useful.
18. THE FOURTH DISTINCTION Between wise labor and foolish labor Itis honest, useful and cheerful Wise work should be cheerful as a child’s work is. To attain God’s kingdom on earth, we require the character of child. This character consists of 4 elements; Modesty Faithfulness Lovingness Cheerfulness. By including these qualities in him, man can enter the kingdom of God.
19. THE FOURTH DISTINCTION Between wise labor and foolish labor Soon the other hand work become foolish and foul when it is not fair, useful and cheerful. Themain reason of this attitude is that they don’t know which work they can do better.
20. CONCLUSIONThe essay tells us that bothkinds of work should be doneproperly and willingly.