A disaster can be defined as any occurrence that causes
damage , ecological disruption , loss of human
life, deterioration of health and health services on a large
What is Disaster
known as emergency
•It is defined as dealing with and
avoiding both natural and man
•It involves preparedness before
supporting society after the
Principles of Disaster Management
Disaster management should use resources that exist for a
Disaster management planning should focus on large-scale
Individuals are responsible for their own safety.
Disaster management planning must take account of the type
of physical environment and the structure of the population.
Disaster management arrangements must recognize the
potential role of non-government agencies.
It involves the measures to eliminate or reduce the
incidence of severity of disasters.
Focuses on long-term measures for reducing or
Preventing habitation in risk zone.
Disaster resistant buildings etc.
Improving structural qualities of schools, houses and
It is to ensure that in time of disaster appropriate
system, procedure & resources are in place to assist
those afflicted by disaster & enable them to help
Eg. Preparedness plans, emergency exercises &
training, warning systems.
WHAT COMES UNDER IT?
Preparedness should be in the form of
money, manpower and materials.
Keeping stock of food, drugs and essential commodities
Development of public education programme.
Ensuring coordination and response mechanisms.
It involves measure taken in anticipation of, during and
immediately after the disaster to ensure that the
effects are minimized.
Search rescue and
Identification of dead
It involves measures, which supports emergency
effected areas in reconstruction of physical
infrastructure and restoration of economic and
emotional well being.
Providing financial support
Severity of exposure
Gender and family
Factors related to a survivor's
Low or negative social support
HOW WE CAN DEAL
Make a Disaster PLAN…FOLLOW IT
Be prepared for power outages
Know your insurance policy
Listen to the news and do what you are told to do
Prevent electrical injuries
Store food safely.
Pace yourself and get support.
WHAT GOVT CAN DO
Stimulating would-be victims to take precautions
Discouraging manmade disasters
Government itself taking precautionary measures
Saving People, Fixing Public Property, and Restoring
Core Public Functions (Apart from Victim
Stepping in when the private insurance market fails to
cover property losses from certain disasters