SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 24
JUST-IN-TIME
MANUFACTURING
A PowerPoint Presentation

BY
SWATI(54),
MEENAL(39),
REENU(45),
JAYA(66)
WHAT IS JIT?
• JIT is a manufacturing
philosophy involving an
integrated set of
procedures/activities designed
to achieve a volume of
production using minimal
inventories.
• A highly coordinated processing
system in which goods move
through the system, and
services are performed, just as
they need.
HOW IT WORKS?
HISTORY
• Evolved in Japan after World War II, as a result of their
diminishing market share in the auto industry.
• Founded by Taiichi Ohno, a vice president of Toyota.
• Basically implemented in Toyota plant 1950, well
established after 1970.
FOLLOWERS
• Adopted by General Electrical in the USA in the 1980.
• Some companies referred JIT with different names:
i. TOYOTA – ‘Toyota System’
ii. IBM – ‘Continuous flow manufacturing’
iii. GE- ‘Management by sight’
iv. HEWLETT- PACKARD- ‘stockless production & repetitive
manufacturing system’
7 WASTES
1)
2)
3)
4)

Waste of over production
Waste of waiting
Waste of transportation
Waste of Underutilization
of Employees
5) Waste of Inventory
6) Waste of motion
7) Waste of making defective
products
PRINCIPLES OF JIT
PRODUCTION
TOTAL QUALITY
MANAGEMENT
• Seek long-term
commitment
• Quality must be a
higher priority than cost
• Minimize Waste
PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT
• Pull System vs. Push System
– Pull = Made to order
– Push = Made for inventory

• Communication Techniques
– Completion of task-Kanban
– Problem- Andon or siren/light

• Flexibility of the system
• Design For Testability
– Poka-Yoke= Mistake-proofing
SUPPLIER MANAGEMENT
• Establish Long Term Relationships with few
E.g. Toyota Productions
suppliers.
• Delivery of Parts = 100% Defect Free
– Where they are needed
– When they are needed
– The exact quantity

• Work Together
• Elimination of inspection of parts
INVENTORY MANAGEMENT
 Eliminate

Safety Stock = Zero Inventory
 Inventory is Evil

Water = Inventory

Material
handling

Poor
training

Traditional systems use
inventory (water) to buffer the
process from problems (rocks)
that cause disruption.
Break
downs

Material
quality
problems

Long
setups
JIT systems view inventory as waste and work to lower
inventory levels to expose and correct the problems (rocks)
that cause disruption.

Material
handling

Poor
training

Break
downs

Material
quality
problems

Long
setups
Lowering the level of inventory is relatively easy to do.
However, the problems that arise must be corrected
quickly … Otherwise, the process will flounder.

Material
handling

Poor
training

Material
Break downs quality
problems

Long
setups
HUMAN RESOURCE
MANAGEMENT
• Company-wide Involvement
– Motivation for
continuous
improvement
– Problem Solving

• Diversified Employees
• Management Support and
Empowerment of workforce
JIT MANUFACTURING
BUILDING BLOCKS
Ultimate
Goal

Supporting
Goals

A
balanced
rapid flow

Reduce setup
and lead times

Eliminate disruptions
Make the system flexible

Product
Design

Process
Design

Eliminate waste
Minimize inventories

Personnel
Elements

Manufacturing Planning
REQUIREMENTS OF JIT
• Respond to Customer
Requirements
• Integrate all Processes
• Employee Participation
• Company wide
Commitment to education
• Eliminate redundancy
• Reduce all Inventory
• Establish Continuous
Improvement Goals

• Use a pull Production
System
• Design products for
Manufacturing
• Develop Controllable
Production Processes
• Have Defect Prevention
Program
• Reduce Setup Times
• Build Products to
Specification
OBSTACLES IN
CONVERSION
• Management not committed
• Workers not cooperative
• Decide which parts need most effort
• Start by trying to reduce setup times
• Gradually convert operations
• Convert suppliers to JIT
• Prepare for obstacles
• Suppliers may
resist
ADVANTAGES OF JIT
• High quality
• Flexibility
• Reduced setup times
• Reduced need for indirect labor
• Less waste
• Low warehouse cost

• Synchronization between production scheduling and work
hour
DISADVANTAGES OF JIT
• Time consuming
• No spare product to meet un expected order
• Supply Shock : If products do not reach on
time
• High risk factor
JIT IN GOODS :
• Leveraged JIT principles to make its manufacturing process
a success
• Leverage their suppliers to achieve the JIT goal
• Provide exceptionally short set up times to their customers
• Suppliers carry inventory instead of carrying it themselves.
• Has dependable suppliers with the ability to meet its
demanding lead time requirements.
• Seamless system that allows it to transmit its component
on requirements
• Willingness of suppliers to keep inventory on hand.
JIT IN SERVICES: MAC D

McDonald’s is the best example of JIT in
Services !
• McDonald's doesn't begin to cook until a
customer has placed a specific order.
• The major benefits are better food at a lower
cost.
• Wastage is reduced along with an improvised
taste that makes you want to scream out I’m
Lovin’ It !
THANK YOU!!

More Related Content

What's hot (20)

Just In Time - JIT
Just In Time - JITJust In Time - JIT
Just In Time - JIT
 
Jit
JitJit
Jit
 
JIT- JUST IN TIME PPT
JIT- JUST IN TIME PPTJIT- JUST IN TIME PPT
JIT- JUST IN TIME PPT
 
Just In Time (JIT) Systems
Just In Time (JIT) SystemsJust In Time (JIT) Systems
Just In Time (JIT) Systems
 
Toyota production system
Toyota production systemToyota production system
Toyota production system
 
Master production schedule
Master production scheduleMaster production schedule
Master production schedule
 
Lean presentation ppt
Lean presentation pptLean presentation ppt
Lean presentation ppt
 
manufacturing resource planning
manufacturing resource planningmanufacturing resource planning
manufacturing resource planning
 
Lean manufacturing
Lean manufacturingLean manufacturing
Lean manufacturing
 
Lean Production
Lean ProductionLean Production
Lean Production
 
AGGREGATE PRODUCTION PLANNING
AGGREGATE PRODUCTION PLANNING AGGREGATE PRODUCTION PLANNING
AGGREGATE PRODUCTION PLANNING
 
Production Management
Production ManagementProduction Management
Production Management
 
Line balancing
Line balancingLine balancing
Line balancing
 
Lean Manufacturing - An Overview
Lean Manufacturing - An OverviewLean Manufacturing - An Overview
Lean Manufacturing - An Overview
 
Kanban system presentation
Kanban system presentationKanban system presentation
Kanban system presentation
 
Kanban
KanbanKanban
Kanban
 
Production planning control ppt
Production planning control pptProduction planning control ppt
Production planning control ppt
 
work measurement_operation management
work measurement_operation managementwork measurement_operation management
work measurement_operation management
 
Just in time
Just in timeJust in time
Just in time
 
Total productive maintenance (tpm)
Total productive maintenance (tpm)Total productive maintenance (tpm)
Total productive maintenance (tpm)
 

Viewers also liked

Just-in-Time in McDonalds
Just-in-Time in McDonaldsJust-in-Time in McDonalds
Just-in-Time in McDonaldsAJ165
 
Just In Time - Operations Management
Just In Time - Operations ManagementJust In Time - Operations Management
Just In Time - Operations ManagementGargi Kapadia
 
Sistem informasi manufaktur
Sistem informasi manufakturSistem informasi manufaktur
Sistem informasi manufakturgleebelle
 
Case Study on Nissan Automobiles
Case Study on Nissan AutomobilesCase Study on Nissan Automobiles
Case Study on Nissan Automobilesorion_06
 
Toyota's jit revolution ppt
Toyota's jit revolution pptToyota's jit revolution ppt
Toyota's jit revolution pptAkshay Jain
 
JIT case study of Toyota
JIT case study of ToyotaJIT case study of Toyota
JIT case study of Toyotaaneela yousaf
 
MRP, MRP2 and ERP system in supply chain
MRP, MRP2 and ERP system in supply chainMRP, MRP2 and ERP system in supply chain
MRP, MRP2 and ERP system in supply chainSaad Munami
 
Just in Time Manufactuing
Just in Time ManufactuingJust in Time Manufactuing
Just in Time ManufactuingRohan Nakrani
 
"Rediscover the Paseo"
"Rediscover the Paseo""Rediscover the Paseo"
"Rediscover the Paseo"guest696594
 
ACTIVITY BASED COSTING
ACTIVITY BASED COSTINGACTIVITY BASED COSTING
ACTIVITY BASED COSTINGAKSHIT JAIN
 
Master scheduling
Master schedulingMaster scheduling
Master schedulingmehrdad66
 
Supply chain management of mcdonalds
Supply chain management of mcdonaldsSupply chain management of mcdonalds
Supply chain management of mcdonaldsDarshan Bairi
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Jit In Toyota
Jit In ToyotaJit In Toyota
Jit In Toyota
 
Just-in-Time in McDonalds
Just-in-Time in McDonaldsJust-in-Time in McDonalds
Just-in-Time in McDonalds
 
Just In Time - Operations Management
Just In Time - Operations ManagementJust In Time - Operations Management
Just In Time - Operations Management
 
Tqm Final Ppt
Tqm Final PptTqm Final Ppt
Tqm Final Ppt
 
Tqm power point
Tqm power pointTqm power point
Tqm power point
 
Sistem informasi manufaktur
Sistem informasi manufakturSistem informasi manufaktur
Sistem informasi manufaktur
 
Case Study on Nissan Automobiles
Case Study on Nissan AutomobilesCase Study on Nissan Automobiles
Case Study on Nissan Automobiles
 
Toyota's jit revolution ppt
Toyota's jit revolution pptToyota's jit revolution ppt
Toyota's jit revolution ppt
 
JIT case study of Toyota
JIT case study of ToyotaJIT case study of Toyota
JIT case study of Toyota
 
Just in time
Just in timeJust in time
Just in time
 
Just in time
Just in timeJust in time
Just in time
 
Mrp, mrp 2 n bpr
Mrp, mrp 2 n bprMrp, mrp 2 n bpr
Mrp, mrp 2 n bpr
 
MRP, MRP2 and ERP system in supply chain
MRP, MRP2 and ERP system in supply chainMRP, MRP2 and ERP system in supply chain
MRP, MRP2 and ERP system in supply chain
 
Jit in mc donald's
Jit in mc donald'sJit in mc donald's
Jit in mc donald's
 
Just in Time Manufactuing
Just in Time ManufactuingJust in Time Manufactuing
Just in Time Manufactuing
 
"Rediscover the Paseo"
"Rediscover the Paseo""Rediscover the Paseo"
"Rediscover the Paseo"
 
ACTIVITY BASED COSTING
ACTIVITY BASED COSTINGACTIVITY BASED COSTING
ACTIVITY BASED COSTING
 
Master scheduling
Master schedulingMaster scheduling
Master scheduling
 
Activity based costing
Activity based costingActivity based costing
Activity based costing
 
Supply chain management of mcdonalds
Supply chain management of mcdonaldsSupply chain management of mcdonalds
Supply chain management of mcdonalds
 

Similar to Just in time manufacturing ppt

Just in time
Just in timeJust in time
Just in timeyashpalsg
 
JIT & Lean Manufacturing - ADDVALUE - Nilesh Arora
JIT & Lean Manufacturing - ADDVALUE - Nilesh AroraJIT & Lean Manufacturing - ADDVALUE - Nilesh Arora
JIT & Lean Manufacturing - ADDVALUE - Nilesh AroraADD VALUE CONSULTING Inc
 
Just in time and Lean systems
Just in time and Lean systemsJust in time and Lean systems
Just in time and Lean systemsAyman Aljahdali
 
lean manufacturing.ppt cost profit accounts
lean manufacturing.ppt cost profit accountslean manufacturing.ppt cost profit accounts
lean manufacturing.ppt cost profit accountsSabaKhalid48
 
Just in Time and Lean Manufacturing
Just in Time and Lean ManufacturingJust in Time and Lean Manufacturing
Just in Time and Lean Manufacturingshahroze11
 
JIT and lean operations
JIT and lean operationsJIT and lean operations
JIT and lean operationsRajThakuri
 
Just In Time and Lean Operation Chapter Presentation
Just In Time and Lean Operation Chapter PresentationJust In Time and Lean Operation Chapter Presentation
Just In Time and Lean Operation Chapter PresentationSINGHZEE
 
5a session 5a_jit systems cfvg 2012
5a session 5a_jit systems cfvg 20125a session 5a_jit systems cfvg 2012
5a session 5a_jit systems cfvg 2012kimsach
 
Just In Time
Just In TimeJust In Time
Just In Timedvyvjy
 

Similar to Just in time manufacturing ppt (20)

10. just in-time
10. just in-time10. just in-time
10. just in-time
 
Just in time
Just in timeJust in time
Just in time
 
JIT & Lean Manufacturing - ADDVALUE - Nilesh Arora
JIT & Lean Manufacturing - ADDVALUE - Nilesh AroraJIT & Lean Manufacturing - ADDVALUE - Nilesh Arora
JIT & Lean Manufacturing - ADDVALUE - Nilesh Arora
 
Just in time
Just in timeJust in time
Just in time
 
Just in time and Lean systems
Just in time and Lean systemsJust in time and Lean systems
Just in time and Lean systems
 
Just in Time
Just in TimeJust in Time
Just in Time
 
lean manufacturing.ppt cost profit accounts
lean manufacturing.ppt cost profit accountslean manufacturing.ppt cost profit accounts
lean manufacturing.ppt cost profit accounts
 
Just in Time and Lean Manufacturing
Just in Time and Lean ManufacturingJust in Time and Lean Manufacturing
Just in Time and Lean Manufacturing
 
JIT and lean operations
JIT and lean operationsJIT and lean operations
JIT and lean operations
 
Just In Time and Lean Operation Chapter Presentation
Just In Time and Lean Operation Chapter PresentationJust In Time and Lean Operation Chapter Presentation
Just In Time and Lean Operation Chapter Presentation
 
Just in time
Just in timeJust in time
Just in time
 
Ch9 Jit
Ch9 JitCh9 Jit
Ch9 Jit
 
Just in time
Just in timeJust in time
Just in time
 
Just in time
Just in timeJust in time
Just in time
 
Just In Time
Just In TimeJust In Time
Just In Time
 
TQM UNIT 4.pptx
TQM UNIT 4.pptxTQM UNIT 4.pptx
TQM UNIT 4.pptx
 
5a session 5a_jit systems cfvg 2012
5a session 5a_jit systems cfvg 20125a session 5a_jit systems cfvg 2012
5a session 5a_jit systems cfvg 2012
 
Just in time
Just in timeJust in time
Just in time
 
Just in Time
Just in Time Just in Time
Just in Time
 
Just In Time
Just In TimeJust In Time
Just In Time
 

More from Swati Luthra

More from Swati Luthra (12)

Air india final
Air india finalAir india final
Air india final
 
whatsapp ppt
whatsapp pptwhatsapp ppt
whatsapp ppt
 
training and development at infosys
training and development at infosystraining and development at infosys
training and development at infosys
 
sampling ppt
sampling pptsampling ppt
sampling ppt
 
Myntra.com ppt
Myntra.com pptMyntra.com ppt
Myntra.com ppt
 
Cadbury's marketing ppt
Cadbury's marketing pptCadbury's marketing ppt
Cadbury's marketing ppt
 
Future accountings
Future accountingsFuture accountings
Future accountings
 
Types of Taxes
Types of TaxesTypes of Taxes
Types of Taxes
 
Spiri com
Spiri comSpiri com
Spiri com
 
google working
google workinggoogle working
google working
 
disaster management
disaster managementdisaster management
disaster management
 
Dell swati & final
Dell swati & finalDell swati & final
Dell swati & final
 

Recently uploaded

Youth Involvement in an Innovative Coconut Value Chain by Mwalimu Menza
Youth Involvement in an Innovative Coconut Value Chain by Mwalimu MenzaYouth Involvement in an Innovative Coconut Value Chain by Mwalimu Menza
Youth Involvement in an Innovative Coconut Value Chain by Mwalimu Menzaictsugar
 
The-Ethical-issues-ghhhhhhhhjof-Byjus.pptx
The-Ethical-issues-ghhhhhhhhjof-Byjus.pptxThe-Ethical-issues-ghhhhhhhhjof-Byjus.pptx
The-Ethical-issues-ghhhhhhhhjof-Byjus.pptxmbikashkanyari
 
8447779800, Low rate Call girls in Shivaji Enclave Delhi NCR
8447779800, Low rate Call girls in Shivaji Enclave Delhi NCR8447779800, Low rate Call girls in Shivaji Enclave Delhi NCR
8447779800, Low rate Call girls in Shivaji Enclave Delhi NCRashishs7044
 
International Business Environments and Operations 16th Global Edition test b...
International Business Environments and Operations 16th Global Edition test b...International Business Environments and Operations 16th Global Edition test b...
International Business Environments and Operations 16th Global Edition test b...ssuserf63bd7
 
Financial-Statement-Analysis-of-Coca-cola-Company.pptx
Financial-Statement-Analysis-of-Coca-cola-Company.pptxFinancial-Statement-Analysis-of-Coca-cola-Company.pptx
Financial-Statement-Analysis-of-Coca-cola-Company.pptxsaniyaimamuddin
 
Global Scenario On Sustainable and Resilient Coconut Industry by Dr. Jelfina...
Global Scenario On Sustainable  and Resilient Coconut Industry by Dr. Jelfina...Global Scenario On Sustainable  and Resilient Coconut Industry by Dr. Jelfina...
Global Scenario On Sustainable and Resilient Coconut Industry by Dr. Jelfina...ictsugar
 
Traction part 2 - EOS Model JAX Bridges.
Traction part 2 - EOS Model JAX Bridges.Traction part 2 - EOS Model JAX Bridges.
Traction part 2 - EOS Model JAX Bridges.Anamaria Contreras
 
8447779800, Low rate Call girls in New Ashok Nagar Delhi NCR
8447779800, Low rate Call girls in New Ashok Nagar Delhi NCR8447779800, Low rate Call girls in New Ashok Nagar Delhi NCR
8447779800, Low rate Call girls in New Ashok Nagar Delhi NCRashishs7044
 
Memorándum de Entendimiento (MoU) entre Codelco y SQM
Memorándum de Entendimiento (MoU) entre Codelco y SQMMemorándum de Entendimiento (MoU) entre Codelco y SQM
Memorándum de Entendimiento (MoU) entre Codelco y SQMVoces Mineras
 
Organizational Structure Running A Successful Business
Organizational Structure Running A Successful BusinessOrganizational Structure Running A Successful Business
Organizational Structure Running A Successful BusinessSeta Wicaksana
 
Ten Organizational Design Models to align structure and operations to busines...
Ten Organizational Design Models to align structure and operations to busines...Ten Organizational Design Models to align structure and operations to busines...
Ten Organizational Design Models to align structure and operations to busines...Seta Wicaksana
 
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024Adnet Communications
 
Market Sizes Sample Report - 2024 Edition
Market Sizes Sample Report - 2024 EditionMarket Sizes Sample Report - 2024 Edition
Market Sizes Sample Report - 2024 EditionMintel Group
 
8447779800, Low rate Call girls in Saket Delhi NCR
8447779800, Low rate Call girls in Saket Delhi NCR8447779800, Low rate Call girls in Saket Delhi NCR
8447779800, Low rate Call girls in Saket Delhi NCRashishs7044
 
8447779800, Low rate Call girls in Rohini Delhi NCR
8447779800, Low rate Call girls in Rohini Delhi NCR8447779800, Low rate Call girls in Rohini Delhi NCR
8447779800, Low rate Call girls in Rohini Delhi NCRashishs7044
 
Digital Transformation in the PLM domain - distrib.pdf
Digital Transformation in the PLM domain - distrib.pdfDigital Transformation in the PLM domain - distrib.pdf
Digital Transformation in the PLM domain - distrib.pdfJos Voskuil
 
Investment in The Coconut Industry by Nancy Cheruiyot
Investment in The Coconut Industry by Nancy CheruiyotInvestment in The Coconut Industry by Nancy Cheruiyot
Investment in The Coconut Industry by Nancy Cheruiyotictsugar
 
APRIL2024_UKRAINE_xml_0000000000000 .pdf
APRIL2024_UKRAINE_xml_0000000000000 .pdfAPRIL2024_UKRAINE_xml_0000000000000 .pdf
APRIL2024_UKRAINE_xml_0000000000000 .pdfRbc Rbcua
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Youth Involvement in an Innovative Coconut Value Chain by Mwalimu Menza
Youth Involvement in an Innovative Coconut Value Chain by Mwalimu MenzaYouth Involvement in an Innovative Coconut Value Chain by Mwalimu Menza
Youth Involvement in an Innovative Coconut Value Chain by Mwalimu Menza
 
The-Ethical-issues-ghhhhhhhhjof-Byjus.pptx
The-Ethical-issues-ghhhhhhhhjof-Byjus.pptxThe-Ethical-issues-ghhhhhhhhjof-Byjus.pptx
The-Ethical-issues-ghhhhhhhhjof-Byjus.pptx
 
8447779800, Low rate Call girls in Shivaji Enclave Delhi NCR
8447779800, Low rate Call girls in Shivaji Enclave Delhi NCR8447779800, Low rate Call girls in Shivaji Enclave Delhi NCR
8447779800, Low rate Call girls in Shivaji Enclave Delhi NCR
 
International Business Environments and Operations 16th Global Edition test b...
International Business Environments and Operations 16th Global Edition test b...International Business Environments and Operations 16th Global Edition test b...
International Business Environments and Operations 16th Global Edition test b...
 
Financial-Statement-Analysis-of-Coca-cola-Company.pptx
Financial-Statement-Analysis-of-Coca-cola-Company.pptxFinancial-Statement-Analysis-of-Coca-cola-Company.pptx
Financial-Statement-Analysis-of-Coca-cola-Company.pptx
 
Global Scenario On Sustainable and Resilient Coconut Industry by Dr. Jelfina...
Global Scenario On Sustainable  and Resilient Coconut Industry by Dr. Jelfina...Global Scenario On Sustainable  and Resilient Coconut Industry by Dr. Jelfina...
Global Scenario On Sustainable and Resilient Coconut Industry by Dr. Jelfina...
 
Traction part 2 - EOS Model JAX Bridges.
Traction part 2 - EOS Model JAX Bridges.Traction part 2 - EOS Model JAX Bridges.
Traction part 2 - EOS Model JAX Bridges.
 
8447779800, Low rate Call girls in New Ashok Nagar Delhi NCR
8447779800, Low rate Call girls in New Ashok Nagar Delhi NCR8447779800, Low rate Call girls in New Ashok Nagar Delhi NCR
8447779800, Low rate Call girls in New Ashok Nagar Delhi NCR
 
Memorándum de Entendimiento (MoU) entre Codelco y SQM
Memorándum de Entendimiento (MoU) entre Codelco y SQMMemorándum de Entendimiento (MoU) entre Codelco y SQM
Memorándum de Entendimiento (MoU) entre Codelco y SQM
 
Organizational Structure Running A Successful Business
Organizational Structure Running A Successful BusinessOrganizational Structure Running A Successful Business
Organizational Structure Running A Successful Business
 
Ten Organizational Design Models to align structure and operations to busines...
Ten Organizational Design Models to align structure and operations to busines...Ten Organizational Design Models to align structure and operations to busines...
Ten Organizational Design Models to align structure and operations to busines...
 
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024
 
Enjoy ➥8448380779▻ Call Girls In Sector 18 Noida Escorts Delhi NCR
Enjoy ➥8448380779▻ Call Girls In Sector 18 Noida Escorts Delhi NCREnjoy ➥8448380779▻ Call Girls In Sector 18 Noida Escorts Delhi NCR
Enjoy ➥8448380779▻ Call Girls In Sector 18 Noida Escorts Delhi NCR
 
Market Sizes Sample Report - 2024 Edition
Market Sizes Sample Report - 2024 EditionMarket Sizes Sample Report - 2024 Edition
Market Sizes Sample Report - 2024 Edition
 
8447779800, Low rate Call girls in Saket Delhi NCR
8447779800, Low rate Call girls in Saket Delhi NCR8447779800, Low rate Call girls in Saket Delhi NCR
8447779800, Low rate Call girls in Saket Delhi NCR
 
8447779800, Low rate Call girls in Rohini Delhi NCR
8447779800, Low rate Call girls in Rohini Delhi NCR8447779800, Low rate Call girls in Rohini Delhi NCR
8447779800, Low rate Call girls in Rohini Delhi NCR
 
Corporate Profile 47Billion Information Technology
Corporate Profile 47Billion Information TechnologyCorporate Profile 47Billion Information Technology
Corporate Profile 47Billion Information Technology
 
Digital Transformation in the PLM domain - distrib.pdf
Digital Transformation in the PLM domain - distrib.pdfDigital Transformation in the PLM domain - distrib.pdf
Digital Transformation in the PLM domain - distrib.pdf
 
Investment in The Coconut Industry by Nancy Cheruiyot
Investment in The Coconut Industry by Nancy CheruiyotInvestment in The Coconut Industry by Nancy Cheruiyot
Investment in The Coconut Industry by Nancy Cheruiyot
 
APRIL2024_UKRAINE_xml_0000000000000 .pdf
APRIL2024_UKRAINE_xml_0000000000000 .pdfAPRIL2024_UKRAINE_xml_0000000000000 .pdf
APRIL2024_UKRAINE_xml_0000000000000 .pdf
 

Just in time manufacturing ppt

  • 2. WHAT IS JIT? • JIT is a manufacturing philosophy involving an integrated set of procedures/activities designed to achieve a volume of production using minimal inventories. • A highly coordinated processing system in which goods move through the system, and services are performed, just as they need.
  • 4. HISTORY • Evolved in Japan after World War II, as a result of their diminishing market share in the auto industry. • Founded by Taiichi Ohno, a vice president of Toyota. • Basically implemented in Toyota plant 1950, well established after 1970.
  • 5. FOLLOWERS • Adopted by General Electrical in the USA in the 1980. • Some companies referred JIT with different names: i. TOYOTA – ‘Toyota System’ ii. IBM – ‘Continuous flow manufacturing’ iii. GE- ‘Management by sight’ iv. HEWLETT- PACKARD- ‘stockless production & repetitive manufacturing system’
  • 6. 7 WASTES 1) 2) 3) 4) Waste of over production Waste of waiting Waste of transportation Waste of Underutilization of Employees 5) Waste of Inventory 6) Waste of motion 7) Waste of making defective products
  • 8. TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT • Seek long-term commitment • Quality must be a higher priority than cost • Minimize Waste
  • 9. PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT • Pull System vs. Push System – Pull = Made to order – Push = Made for inventory • Communication Techniques – Completion of task-Kanban – Problem- Andon or siren/light • Flexibility of the system • Design For Testability – Poka-Yoke= Mistake-proofing
  • 10. SUPPLIER MANAGEMENT • Establish Long Term Relationships with few E.g. Toyota Productions suppliers. • Delivery of Parts = 100% Defect Free – Where they are needed – When they are needed – The exact quantity • Work Together • Elimination of inspection of parts
  • 11. INVENTORY MANAGEMENT  Eliminate Safety Stock = Zero Inventory  Inventory is Evil Water = Inventory Material handling Poor training Traditional systems use inventory (water) to buffer the process from problems (rocks) that cause disruption. Break downs Material quality problems Long setups
  • 12. JIT systems view inventory as waste and work to lower inventory levels to expose and correct the problems (rocks) that cause disruption. Material handling Poor training Break downs Material quality problems Long setups
  • 13. Lowering the level of inventory is relatively easy to do. However, the problems that arise must be corrected quickly … Otherwise, the process will flounder. Material handling Poor training Material Break downs quality problems Long setups
  • 14. HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT • Company-wide Involvement – Motivation for continuous improvement – Problem Solving • Diversified Employees • Management Support and Empowerment of workforce
  • 15. JIT MANUFACTURING BUILDING BLOCKS Ultimate Goal Supporting Goals A balanced rapid flow Reduce setup and lead times Eliminate disruptions Make the system flexible Product Design Process Design Eliminate waste Minimize inventories Personnel Elements Manufacturing Planning
  • 16. REQUIREMENTS OF JIT • Respond to Customer Requirements • Integrate all Processes • Employee Participation • Company wide Commitment to education • Eliminate redundancy • Reduce all Inventory • Establish Continuous Improvement Goals • Use a pull Production System • Design products for Manufacturing • Develop Controllable Production Processes • Have Defect Prevention Program • Reduce Setup Times • Build Products to Specification
  • 17. OBSTACLES IN CONVERSION • Management not committed • Workers not cooperative • Decide which parts need most effort • Start by trying to reduce setup times • Gradually convert operations • Convert suppliers to JIT • Prepare for obstacles • Suppliers may resist
  • 18. ADVANTAGES OF JIT • High quality • Flexibility • Reduced setup times • Reduced need for indirect labor • Less waste • Low warehouse cost • Synchronization between production scheduling and work hour
  • 19. DISADVANTAGES OF JIT • Time consuming • No spare product to meet un expected order • Supply Shock : If products do not reach on time • High risk factor
  • 20. JIT IN GOODS : • Leveraged JIT principles to make its manufacturing process a success • Leverage their suppliers to achieve the JIT goal • Provide exceptionally short set up times to their customers • Suppliers carry inventory instead of carrying it themselves. • Has dependable suppliers with the ability to meet its demanding lead time requirements.
  • 21. • Seamless system that allows it to transmit its component on requirements • Willingness of suppliers to keep inventory on hand.
  • 22. JIT IN SERVICES: MAC D McDonald’s is the best example of JIT in Services !
  • 23. • McDonald's doesn't begin to cook until a customer has placed a specific order. • The major benefits are better food at a lower cost. • Wastage is reduced along with an improvised taste that makes you want to scream out I’m Lovin’ It !