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Energía Solar

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Una presentación hecho para la escula de verano de la Departamiento de Óptica en CICESE.

Una presentación hecho para la escula de verano de la Departamiento de Óptica en CICESE.

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  • 1. Laboratorio de Energía Alterna Renovable Sostenible Energía Solar Agusto 2009 Dr. Rodger Evans Tuesday, August 18, 2009 1
  • 2. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 2
  • 3. Óptica Diseño Audar Dar no sufrir Servicios Tuesday, August 18, 2009 2
  • 4. Laboratorio • Alterna de que ? Tuesday, August 18, 2009 3
  • 5. ¿ Porque ? • Energía produce trabajo • Energía para entropía • orden • información • Cultura es información • Sociedad es hecho de cultura Tuesday, August 18, 2009 4
  • 6. Energía = Sociedad Tuesday, August 18, 2009 5
  • 7. Control de energía = Control de sociedad Tuesday, August 18, 2009 6
  • 8. Energía = Sociedad Tuesday, August 18, 2009 7
  • 9. Energía = Sociedad { libre sostenible Tuesday, August 18, 2009 7
  • 10. Energía = Sociedad { libre sostenible Libertad Permaculture Tuesday, August 18, 2009 7
  • 11. Fuentes de energía Tuesday, August 18, 2009 8
  • 12. • Nuclear • Viento • Solar • Mar • Ondas • Marea • Geotermal • Gravidad (hydro) Tuesday, August 18, 2009 9
  • 13. • Viento • Solar • Ondas • Gravidad (hydro) Tuesday, August 18, 2009 9
  • 14. Enería Gratuito Tuesday, August 18, 2009 10
  • 15. Enería Gratuito Tuesday, August 18, 2009 10
  • 16. la Tierra Tuesday, August 18, 2009 11
  • 17. • 78% N2 • 20.95% O2 • 0.93% Ar • 0.038% CO2 Tuesday, August 18, 2009 12
  • 18. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 13
  • 19. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 14
  • 20. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 14
  • 21. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 14
  • 22. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 15
  • 23. Fuente Concentración Conversion Tuesday, August 18, 2009 16
  • 24. Consumo de Energía Tuesday, August 18, 2009 17
  • 25. Fossile Tuesday, August 18, 2009 18
  • 26. Fossile Tuesday, August 18, 2009 19
  • 27. Fossile • Barrato • Casa • Transporte simple • Gas (natural o propano) • Concentrado • Aciete (califacion) • Util (plásticos) • Luz- gas o carbono • Infraestructura • Auto • Industria Tuesday, August 18, 2009 20
  • 28. Radiación Solar Tuesday, August 18, 2009 21
  • 29. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 22
  • 30. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 23
  • 31. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 24
  • 32. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 24
  • 33. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 24
  • 34. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 25
  • 35. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 25
  • 36. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 26
  • 37. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 26
  • 38. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 27
  • 39. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 28
  • 40. Estación CICESE Tuesday, August 18, 2009 29
  • 41. mes J/m^2/dia kW h/dia julio 2.55E+07 6.8 enero 3.89E+06 1.05 promedio 1.47E+07 3.96 Tuesday, August 18, 2009 30
  • 42. 14 MJ/m2 de día 3.8 kWh de m2 uso (mi casa) 130kWh cada dos mes 0.5 m2 @100% PV (25%)=>2 m2 Tuesday, August 18, 2009 31
  • 43. Concentración Tuesday, August 18, 2009 32
  • 44. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 33
  • 45. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 34
  • 46. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 35
  • 47. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 36
  • 48. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 37
  • 49. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 37
  • 50. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 38
  • 51. Scheffler Reflector Tuesday, August 18, 2009 39
  • 52. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 40
  • 53. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 41
  • 54. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 42
  • 55. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 43
  • 56. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 44
  • 57. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 44
  • 58. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 45
  • 59. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 46
  • 60. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 47
  • 61. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 48
  • 62. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 49
  • 63. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 50
  • 64. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 51
  • 65. Diseños • Photovoltaic • Currente Directo • crystalina • Pillas • pelicula delgado • Respuesta rapido • Óptica • 3+ años • directo • concentrado Tuesday, August 18, 2009 52
  • 66. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 53
  • 67. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 54
  • 68. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 55
  • 69. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 56
  • 70. Diseños • Photo-termal • Energía termal • directo • Stiriling • califación de • Organic Rankin casa • califación • agua domestico • Energîa • ‘Solar Pond’ almacenado • concentrado • agua, sal, terra, piedra Tuesday, August 18, 2009 57
  • 71. Conversion Tuesday, August 18, 2009 58
  • 72. ful for olar SOURCE: JUDY PEARSON pes , or made well, good Figure 1 Panel Cooker The “Cookit” panel cooker is simple but effective Tuesday, August 18, 2009 59
  • 73. A Parabolic designs, illustrated in fig- ure 3, have a dish reflector with a As you can see from these examples, parabolic shape that reflects sunlight solar cooker designers have been h ly Figure 3 Parabolic Cooker Parabolic solar cookers produce concen- trated heat COOKING WITH THE SUN! P.2 Tuesday, August 18, 2009 60
  • 74. RENEWABLE ENERGY into a focal region THE INFINITE POWER OF TEXAS vessel, usually dar placed. Dependin reflector, very hig be reached. Such large solar collecti fore high power; b SOURCE: JUDY PEARSON do not have an in chamber, so they to a conventional Some cooker desi Figure 2 Box cooker Box cookers are excellent for slow high concentratio cooking cooker with an in chamber. Such de Tuesday, August 18, 2009 centrator ovens, c 61
  • 75. El Paso solar pond 70 kW Organic Rankin cycle Tuesday, August 18, 2009 62
  • 76. El Paso solar pond 70 kW Organic Rankin cycle Isreal; Ormat, 150 kW Organic Rankin cycle Tuesday, August 18, 2009 62
  • 77. Rankin Cycle Tuesday, August 18, 2009 63
  • 78. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 64
  • 79. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 65
  • 80. <.''+%+()&9+$9"($#&*+$)&9)"%$0+&)+:*("#"0.+9 +-)'(#)%"*+%#)*,)-"#!% !"#$%&'(#)%"*+%#)*,)-"#!% ./0)*+%#)*,)-"#!% #1/23%"*+%#)*,)-"#!% Tuesday, August 18, 2009 66
  • 81. Motor Stirling • Convertador termal- mechanica • alta eficiencia • Dificil a fabricar • Alta pression Tuesday, August 18, 2009 67
  • 82. Sandia Nation Labs stirling engine Tuesday, August 18, 2009 68
  • 83. Diseños • Photo-photo • Filtracion • Daylighting • calor • Activo • UV • Espejos y lentes • Desparciemiento • Passivo • Diseño Tuesday, August 18, 2009 69
  • 84. Verano solsticio 80º 60º 55º 35º Invierno solsticio S Califación Solar Passivo para casa en Ensenada BC, Mexico Tuesday, August 18, 2009 70
  • 85. Califación y illuminación Solar Passivo para oficina en Ensenada BC, Mexico Verano solsticio 80º 60º 55º 35º Invierno solsticio iluminación de oficina Calefacción de aire S Tuesday, August 18, 2009 71
  • 86. Verano solsticio 80º 60º 55º 35º lin hd Invierno lout solsticio hwin htot S ht •zero luz directo •máximo iluminación •vista sin obstrución Tuesday, August 18, 2009 72
  • 87. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 73
  • 88. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 73
  • 89. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 73
  • 90. Look again at that dot. That's here. That's home. That's us. On it everyone you love, everyone you know, everyone you ever heard of, every human being who ever was, lived out their lives. The aggregate of our joy and suffering, thousands of confident religions, ideologies, and economic doctrines, every hunter and forager, every hero and coward, every creator and destroyer of civilization, every king and peasant, every young couple in love, every mother and father, hopeful child, inventor and explorer, every teacher of m o r a l s , e ve r y c o r r u p t p o l i t i c i a n , e ve r y "superstar," every "supreme leader," every saint and sinner in the history of our species lived there – on a mote of dust suspended in a sunbeam. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 74
  • 91. The Earth is a very small stage in a vast cosmic arena. Think of the rivers of blood spilled by all those generals and emperors so that, in glory and triumph, they could become the momentary masters of a fraction of a dot. Think of the endless cruelties visited by the inhabitants of one corner of this pixel on the scarcely distinguishable inhabitants of some other corner, how frequent their misunderstandings, how eager they are to kill one another, how fervent their hatreds. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 75
  • 92. Our posturings, our imagined self-importance, the delusion that we have some privileged position in the Universe, are challenged by this point of pale light. Our planet is a lonely speck in the great enveloping cosmic dark. In our obscurity, in all this vastness, there is no hint that help will come from elsewhere to save us from ourselves. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 76
  • 93. The Earth is the only world known so far to harbor life. There is nowhere else, at least in the near future, to which our species could migrate. Visit, yes. Settle, not yet. Like it or not, for the moment the Earth is where we make our stand. Tuesday, August 18, 2009 77
  • 94. It has been said that astronomy is a humbling and character-building experience. There is perhaps no better demonstration of the folly of human conceits than this distant image of our t i ny w o r l d . To m e , i t u n d e r s c o r e s o u r responsibility to deal more kindly with one another, and to preserve and cherish the pale blue dot, the only home we've ever known. Carl Sagen May 11th, 1996 Tuesday, August 18, 2009 78
  • 95. Gracias Tuesday, August 18, 2009 79