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Windows xp

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Transcript

  • 1. Exploring the Basics of Windows XP
  • 2. Objectives
    • Start Windows XP and tour the desktop
    • Explore the Start menu
    • Run software programs, switch between them, and close them
    • Manipulate windows
    • Identify and use the controls in menus, toolbars, and dialog boxes
  • 3. Objectives
    • Navigate your computer with Windows Explorer and My Computer
    • Change the view of the items in your computer
    • Get help when you need it
    • Shut down Windows
  • 4. Starting Windows XP
    • Windows XP
      • Starts when computer is turned on
      • Elements of the desktop
        • Icon
        • Pointer
        • Desktop
        • Date/Time control
        • Taskbar
        • Start button
        • Notification area
  • 5. Starting Windows XP
    • Figure 1-1 shows the Windows XP desktop
  • 6. Starting Windows XP
    • Windows XP desktop uses a graphical user interface
    • Graphical user interface (GUI)
      • Displays icons to represent items stored on the computer
        • Icons: Pictures of familiar objects
  • 7. The Windows XP Desktop
    • Desktop
      • Area that appears on the screen when Windows XP starts
      • A workspace for projects and tools
      • Uses default settings when the computer is first started
        • Default settings: settings preset by the operating system
      • Appearance can be changed by the user
  • 8. Using a Pointing Device
    • A pointing device
      • Helps the user interact with objects on the computer screen
      • Comes in many shapes and sizes
    • Mouse
      • Most common pointing device
  • 9. Pointing
    • Pointing device
      • Used to move the mouse pointer over objects on the desktop
    • Pointing
      • Positioning the pointer over a specific part of the screen
  • 10. Pointing
    • ScreenTips
      • Appear when the mouse pointer is positioned over certain objects
      • Display the purpose or function of the object
      • Figure 1-3 shows a ScreenTip
  • 11. Clicking
    • Clicking
      • Pressing a mouse button and immediately releasing it
    • Menu
      • A list of options which can be used to perform tasks
      • Submenus
    • Start menu
      • Appears when the Start button is clicked
      • Provides access to programs, documents, etc.
  • 12. Clicking
    • Figure 1-6 shows the Start menu
  • 13. Selecting
    • Selecting a menu command
      • Two possible ways of selecting objects in Windows XP
        • Pointing to an object
        • Pointing to and then clicking an object
      • A selected object is highlighted
  • 14. Selecting
  • 15. Viewing the contents of the Recycle Bin
    • Click the desktop, and then point to the Recycle Bin icon. After a few moments, a ScreenTip appears that describes the Recycle Bin
    • Click the left mouse button twice quickly to double-click the Recycle Bin icon. The Recycle Bin opens
  • 16. Viewing the contents of the Recycle Bin
  • 17. Right-Clicking
    • Right-clicking
      • Clicking an object with the right button of the mouse
      • Selects an object and opens its shortcut menu
        • Shortcut menu: a list of options directly related to the object
  • 18. Right-Clicking
  • 19. Exploring the Start menu
  • 20. Starting and Closing a Program
    • Starting a program
      • A program must be started before it can be used
      • To start a program
        • Click the Start button
        • Locate and click the program’s name in the submenus
    • An open or running program
      • A program which has been started
  • 21. Starting and Closing a Program
  • 22. Starting and Closing a Program
    • Program button
      • Appears on the taskbar for each open program
      • Click to switch between open programs
    • Close button
      • Located in the upper-right corner of the program window
      • Click to close the program
  • 23. Starting and Closing a Program
  • 24. Running Multiple Programs
    • Multitasking
      • Ability to run multiple programs on Windows XP at the same time
      • Allows the user to work on more than one project at a time
      • The active program is the one you are currently using
  • 25. Switching Between Programs
    • Program buttons
      • Located on the taskbar
      • Offer the easiest way to switch between programs
  • 26. Closing Inactive Programs from the Taskbar
    • Options for closing a program
      • Use the Close button on the title bar of the program window
      • Use the shortcut menu associated with the program button on the taskbar
  • 27. Anatomy of a Window
    • A window
      • A rectangular area of the screen that may contain
        • A program
        • Text
        • Graphics
        • Data
  • 28. Anatomy of a Window
    • Controls
      • Located in a window
      • Graphical or textual objects used for
        • Manipulating the window
        • Using the program
      • Examples
        • Menu bar
        • Sizing buttons
        • Status bar
        • Title bar
        • Toolbar
        • Workspace
  • 29. Anatomy of a Window
  • 30. Manipulating a Window
  • 31. Moving a Window
    • To drag an object
      • Click an object and then hold down the mouse button while moving the mouse
    • To move a window
      • Drag the window by its title bar
  • 32. Changing the Size of a Window
    • Options for changing a window’s size
      • Sizing handle
        • Located at the lower-right corner of the window
      • Window borders
        • Can be dragged left, right, up, or down
  • 33. Changing the Size of a Window
  • 34. Using Program Menus
    • Menus
      • Organize a program’s features and available functions
    • Menu bar
      • Typically located at the top of the program window
      • Shows the names of the menus
  • 35. Selecting Options from a Menu
    • Menu items or commands
      • Choices for a menu
      • Appear when a menu name is clicked
      • Possible actions when clicked
        • Immediately carry out an action
        • Show submenus
        • Ask the user for more information about the desired action
  • 36. Selecting Options from a Menu
  • 37. Selecting Options from a Menu
  • 38. Using Toolbars
    • Toolbars in the program window
      • Provide one-click access to frequently used commands
      • Have buttons grouped and organized by tasks
    • To perform a command
      • Select a toolbar button by clicking it
  • 39. Using List Boxes and Scroll Bars
    • List box
      • Displays a list of available choices
      • Usually includes
        • Array buttons
        • A scroll bar
        • A scroll box
  • 40. Using List Boxes and Scroll Bars
  • 41. Using Dialog Box Controls
    • Dialog box
      • Opens when a menu command or item followed by an ellipsis is selected
      • Allows the user to provide more information about how a program should carry out a task
      • Groups different kinds of information in panes
        • Panes: bordered rectangular areas
  • 42. Using Dialog Box Controls
  • 43. Exploring Your Computer
  • 44. Changing the View
    • Change the view by selecting an option from the View menu on the menu bar
  • 45. Using Help
    • Windows XP Help
      • Provides on-screen information about programs
      • Available by
        • Clicking the Start button and selecting Help and Support from the Start menu
    • Windows Help and Support Center window
      • Provides access to
        • Help files stored on the computer
        • Help information stored on Microsoft’s Web site
  • 46. Using Help
  • 47. Using Help
    • Windows XP Help and Support window
      • Organizes information into pages
        • Home page
        • Index page
        • Favorites page
        • History page
        • Support page
        • Options page
      • Search box
        • Used to search for keywords contained in Help pages
  • 48. Shutting Down Windows XP
    • Turn Off Computer option
      • Located on the Start menu
      • Turns off the computer
    • Log Off option
      • Located on the Start menu
      • Logs off Windows XP but leaves the computer on

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