S02.W04. - Working with Windows and Applications - 1
WORKING WITH WINDOWS
Using Computer with Windows
• Windows are frames on the desktop that contain the
contents of opened files, folders, or programs. The
content of a window changes according to the type of the
program. Windows is a portion of the screen where
programs and processes can be run. You can open
several windows at the same time.
• The title bar is a horizontal bar at the top of each window
of a program. The title bar contains the program icon, the
title of the window, the minimize, maximize and close
• A toolbar is a row, column, or block of on-screen buttons
or icons in a program. When these buttons or icons are
clicked, they activate certain functions or tasks of the
program. Depending on the folder and selected item in
the folder, toolbar can have different buttons.
• The navigation pane is used to access libraries, folders,
saved searches, and even entire hard disks.
• A search box is included at the top of each open window
or on the Start menu. It is used for looking for any item in
the current folder or library. When you start typing, the
search starts automatically. For example, if you just type
the letter “B” in the search box, all items beginning with a
“B” or containing a “B” (in lower or upper case) will appear
in the file list.
• The address bar is used to navigate to a different folder or
library or to return to the previous one.
Back and Forward Buttons
• Back ( ) and Forward ( ) buttons are used to
navigate to other folders or libraries that you’ve already
opened without closing the current folder. These buttons
work together with the address bar; after you use the
address bar to change folders, for example, you can use
the Back button to return to the previous folder. You can
also use the Backspace key to return to the previous
• The details pane displays the most common properties
related to the selected item. File properties are
information about a file, such as its size, the date you last
modified it, and any descriptive tags you might have
added to the file. The details pane can be resized using
• The preview pane displays the contents of most files. If
you’ve selected a picture, music, or a text file, you can
see their content without opening them in a program. If
the preview pane is not displayed in Windows Explorer,
click on in the toolbar to turn it on
• The menu bar is a long bar where function menus are
located. You can use function menus to perform several
operations, such as opening, copying, or moving a file or
folder. Almost every program has a specific menu bar. If a
menu bar is not displayed in Windows Explorer, use the
The close button ( ) is used to close a window
Minimize and Maximize Buttons
The minimize button ( ) is used to minimize a window to
the taskbar. When a window is minimized, it’s displayed as
an icon on the taskbar. The maximize button is used to
maximize ( ) a window. When a window is maximized,
it fills the whole screen.
Restore Down Button
When restore button ( ) is used, a window covers only a
particular region of a screen. You can resize the window as
you like when it is restored down.
Using a Program Icon
A program icon is located at the left edge of a title bar of a
program. The program icon displays a pop-up menu. This
menu lets you access the minimize, maximize, close,
restore, resize, and move the window options.
To display the program or folder icon pop-up menu, click on
the program or folder icon in the title bar or press
<Alt> + <Spacebar>
Using the Scroll Bars
• The scroll bar is used to scroll through a list of files or
folders in order to display or select them. When the
contents of a window are too large to fit in the screen,
scroll bars appear to scroll both vertically and horizontally
through the window. Click the up and down arrows or click
and drag the vertical scroll bar to scroll up and down the
window. Click the left and right arrows or click and drag
the horizontal scroll bar to scroll the window to the left and
• You can work with several programs at a time in
Windows. For example, you can watch a movie with your
Windows Media Player program while your Web browser
is open and downloading a file from the Internet.
Unfortunately, there isn’t enough space for all of the
programs to fit on your computer screen. To make working
with several programs at once very easy, you can change
the size of the windows. You can maximize or enlarge a
window so that it takes up the entire screen, minimize or
reduce a window so that it only appears as a button in the
Windows taskbar, or size a window somewhere in
Closing a Window
Closing a window ends a program or closes a file or folder.
To close any window:
• Click the Close button ( ) on the title bar, or
• Click the program icon on the title bar. From the pop-up
menu, select Close,
• Or Press <Alt>+<F4>.
Minimizing a Window
• Minimizing windows is useful if you need to view the
desktop or just want to temporarily hide the open window.
Minimizing a window displays the window in the taskbar
as a button. The most common ways to minimize an open
• Click the Minimize button ( ) on the title bar
• Click the program icon on the title bar. From the pop-up
menu, select Minimize
• Right-click on the title bar. From the pop-up menu, select
• In order to minimize all open windows, use the < >+<M>
Maximizing a Window
• A maximized window fills the entire screen. To enlarge a
window to fill your computer screen, maximize it using one of
the following steps:
• Click the Maximize button ( ) on the title bar
• Click on the program icon on the title bar; from the pop-up
menu, select maximize
• Double-click the title bar
• Drag a window to the top of the screen until the pointer of the
mouse reaches the top edge of the screen. Maximizing the
window in such a way is called “snapping.”
• If a window is open but not maximized, use < >+<Up Arrow>
Snapping a Window
• Snapping is a new way of resizing windows. All you have
to do is drag a window until the mouse pointer reaches
the left, right, or top edge of the screen. You can snap
windows to arrange them side by side, which can be
especially helpful when comparing two documents or
when moving files from one folder to another.
• When you snap a window to the left or right edge of the
screen, it fills half of the screen. When you snap a window
to the top edge, the window is maximized.
• Shortcut keys for snapping are: < >+<Left Arrow>,
< >+<Right Arrow> and < >+<Up Arrow>
Shaking a Window
• A new feature in Windows 7 is Aero Shake. You can use
the Aero Shake feature to quickly minimize every open
window except the one you’re shaking. This feature can
save time when minimizing all open windows except one.
You can then restore all of those windows by shaking the
open window again. To use this feature, shake the pane of
• You can also use the < >+<Home>key combination to
minimize all windows except the active one. Use the
same key combination to restore windows.
Restoring a Window
Restoring a window returns the maximized or minimized
window back to its previous size. To restore a window:
• Click the Restore Down button ( ) on the title bar
• Click on the program or folder icon on the title bar; from
the pop-up menu, select Restore
• Double-click the title bar when the window is maximized
• Use the < >+Down Arrow key combination.
Moving a Window
• Click and drag the window title bar to the position you
• Click on the program or folder icon on the title bar. From
the System menu (Program icon), select Move. Move the
window to its new position using the keyboard arrow keys,
then press Enter. If you want to cancel the move, press
Esc. When you give a command to move a window, the
mouse pointer’s appearance changes to look like this:
Resizing a Window
You can resize a window by changing the width or height of a
To resize an open window:
• To change the width, point to the left or right window border.
When the pointer changes into a horizontal double-headed
arrow ( ), drag the border to the right or left.
• To change the height, point to the top or bottom window border.
When the pointer changes into a vertical double-headed arrow
( ), drag the border up or down.
• To change the height and width at the same time, point to any
window corner. When the pointer changes into a diagonal
double-headed arrow ( ), drag the border in any direction.
Switching Between Windows
• You can have several programs or windows open and
running simultaneously, but you can only work in one
window at a time. The window you’re working with is
called the active window and always appears on top of
any other windows that you have opened. There are
several ways of switching between open windows.
• Click the taskbar button that corresponds to the window
you want to switch to.
• <Alt> + <Tab>
• < >+<Tab>
• <Ctrl>+< >+<Tab>
Tiling and Cascading Windows
• When you have several windows or programs open, you
can have Windows 7 automatically arrange them for you,
instead of manually resizing and pushing them around.
Windows can organize your windows in two different ways
by tiling and cascading.