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Identify the parts of the user interface and of a window
Start and shut down Windows
Use the mouse to click, double-click, right click, and drag
Open an application and close it
Move, resize, minimize, maximize, and restore a window
Properly use the different inputs in a dialog box
Windows Basic
Prepared by:
PAUL C. GONZALES
Teacher I
ESCES - Midsayap West
District
Windows uses a GUI (Graphical User
Interface) so almost everything can be done using
mouse clicks on icons and buttons or
combinations of keys on the keyboard. You can
see what you are doing. When you have a
physical keyboard available, you will find it useful,
less tiring, and often faster to use those odd
combinations of keys.
Concepts /Ideas:
The Window
A window is a rectangular area on the
desktop which usually contains a number of
standard parts. But it does not have to have
any of the standard parts. The illustration
shows several windows: a card game
window, an Explorer window,
a Word window, and a dialog window, often
called a dialog box(regardless of its shape or
size). The only part that they all have is the
Title Bar.
Parts of a Window
Title Bar
The Title bar of an application window shows the title of
the current document and the name of the application.
Right end of Title bar
On the right end of the Title bar are buttons to minimize
the window to the Taskbar, maximize the window to
cover the whole Desktop, and to close the window.
 Status Bar
 The bottom of a window contains the Status Bar. It displays messages
about the status of the program. For example, it might say "Saving
document" during the saving process and then "Done" when it is
finished. The example from Win7's Paint shows which brush is selected at
the left, the size of the current image in the middle, and has a slider to
change the zoom display for the window. What you see in the Status Bar
will vary with the type of window.
 The diagonal lines in the corner of the Status Bar mean that the
window can be resized by dragging its edges.
Document
The main area of the application window
shows the active document. For a word
processing program this could be a letter, a
brochure, or a report. For a graphics
programs it would be a picture. For a
browser it would be a web page.
Scroll Bars
Windows that are too small to show the whole document will have scroll barsfor the width or the height of the
document, or both, if necessary. You change what part of the document is showing in
the window by dragging the scroll box or by clicking the scroll arrow or by clicking
in the scroll bar itself.
The size of the scroll box in many applications is in proportion to how much of the document is showing.
So, if half the document is visible, the scroll box will be half of its maximum length in the window
 Before you can explore Windows much, you must know how to use
your mouse. Your mouse is a pointing device. You use it to point to
things on the computer screen. Other pointing devices like touch pads
and game controllers are described in the lesson Computer Basics:
Input: Pointing Devices.
 A mouse has at least two buttons - left and right. Most have a middle
button or a scroll wheel between the left and right buttons. Some
mice have several other buttons that can be programmed for special
functions, especially for games.
 The normal shape for the mouse pointer is an arrow
Using a Mouse
Move the pointer Moving the mouse around moves the mouse pointer/cursor on the
screen.
Click Press a mouse button and release it. Usually the left button.
Double-click Press a mouse button twice quickly.
Right click Press the right mouse button and release it.
Drag Hold a mouse button down while moving the mouse. Usually what the
mouse pointer was over on the screen will move or be highlighted when
you drag.
Scroll Rolling the wheel that some mice have will move the document up and
down in the current window.
What You Do with a Mouse
Pointer Shapes
 The shape of the pointer changes
depending on where it is and what is
happening. The term cursor is used
for the shape that shows where your
typing will appear. You can position
the cursor by clicking in a spot in a
document. So the pointer and
cursor work together, but are not
quite the same thing.
 The hand shape usually
means that the pointer is over a link,
like on a web page.
How well did you learn?
Click me
This group of keys usually found at the right side of the
keyboard, resembles the keys on a calculator.
Alphanumeric Keys
Numeric Keypad
Querty Keyboard
This is a long bar beneath the letters used to insert
a blank Space between words.
Control Keys
Spacebar
Caps Lock
Press this key to return to the original instruction. You
can press Esc to quit a task you are performing.
Escape Key
Spacebar
Caps Lock
This key is used to lock into the uppercase alphabet mode.
Press Caps Lock to change the case of all letters you type.
Press the key again to return to the original case.
Control Keys
Caps Lock
Escape Key
This key is used to enter uppercase characters. Press this
key in combination with another key to type an uppercase
letter.
Control Keys
Shift Key
Caps Lock
Used to move the insertion point (cursor) inside
documents.
Left - Right - Up - Down
Arrow Keys
Spacebar
Caps Lock
An alternative to right-clicking of an item or file.
Control Keys
Menu Key
Shift Key
It consist the letters of the alphabet, punctuations,
and other symbols in where the user will be able to
encode his word documents.
Numeric Keyboard
Querty Keyboard
Alphanumeric Keyboard
What is your score?
Click me
EXIT
 Numeric Keypad
 Spacebar
 Escape Key
 Caps Lock
 Shift Key
 Arrow Keys
 Menu Key
 Querty Keyboard
ANSWER KEY

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89 identify the parts of a window desktop and common desktop icons

  • 1. Identify the parts of the user interface and of a window Start and shut down Windows Use the mouse to click, double-click, right click, and drag Open an application and close it Move, resize, minimize, maximize, and restore a window Properly use the different inputs in a dialog box Windows Basic Prepared by: PAUL C. GONZALES Teacher I ESCES - Midsayap West District
  • 2. Windows uses a GUI (Graphical User Interface) so almost everything can be done using mouse clicks on icons and buttons or combinations of keys on the keyboard. You can see what you are doing. When you have a physical keyboard available, you will find it useful, less tiring, and often faster to use those odd combinations of keys. Concepts /Ideas:
  • 3. The Window A window is a rectangular area on the desktop which usually contains a number of standard parts. But it does not have to have any of the standard parts. The illustration shows several windows: a card game window, an Explorer window, a Word window, and a dialog window, often called a dialog box(regardless of its shape or size). The only part that they all have is the Title Bar.
  • 4. Parts of a Window
  • 5. Title Bar The Title bar of an application window shows the title of the current document and the name of the application. Right end of Title bar On the right end of the Title bar are buttons to minimize the window to the Taskbar, maximize the window to cover the whole Desktop, and to close the window.
  • 6.  Status Bar  The bottom of a window contains the Status Bar. It displays messages about the status of the program. For example, it might say "Saving document" during the saving process and then "Done" when it is finished. The example from Win7's Paint shows which brush is selected at the left, the size of the current image in the middle, and has a slider to change the zoom display for the window. What you see in the Status Bar will vary with the type of window.  The diagonal lines in the corner of the Status Bar mean that the window can be resized by dragging its edges.
  • 7. Document The main area of the application window shows the active document. For a word processing program this could be a letter, a brochure, or a report. For a graphics programs it would be a picture. For a browser it would be a web page.
  • 8. Scroll Bars Windows that are too small to show the whole document will have scroll barsfor the width or the height of the document, or both, if necessary. You change what part of the document is showing in the window by dragging the scroll box or by clicking the scroll arrow or by clicking in the scroll bar itself. The size of the scroll box in many applications is in proportion to how much of the document is showing. So, if half the document is visible, the scroll box will be half of its maximum length in the window
  • 9.  Before you can explore Windows much, you must know how to use your mouse. Your mouse is a pointing device. You use it to point to things on the computer screen. Other pointing devices like touch pads and game controllers are described in the lesson Computer Basics: Input: Pointing Devices.  A mouse has at least two buttons - left and right. Most have a middle button or a scroll wheel between the left and right buttons. Some mice have several other buttons that can be programmed for special functions, especially for games.  The normal shape for the mouse pointer is an arrow Using a Mouse
  • 10. Move the pointer Moving the mouse around moves the mouse pointer/cursor on the screen. Click Press a mouse button and release it. Usually the left button. Double-click Press a mouse button twice quickly. Right click Press the right mouse button and release it. Drag Hold a mouse button down while moving the mouse. Usually what the mouse pointer was over on the screen will move or be highlighted when you drag. Scroll Rolling the wheel that some mice have will move the document up and down in the current window. What You Do with a Mouse
  • 11. Pointer Shapes  The shape of the pointer changes depending on where it is and what is happening. The term cursor is used for the shape that shows where your typing will appear. You can position the cursor by clicking in a spot in a document. So the pointer and cursor work together, but are not quite the same thing.  The hand shape usually means that the pointer is over a link, like on a web page.
  • 12. How well did you learn? Click me
  • 13. This group of keys usually found at the right side of the keyboard, resembles the keys on a calculator. Alphanumeric Keys Numeric Keypad Querty Keyboard
  • 14. This is a long bar beneath the letters used to insert a blank Space between words. Control Keys Spacebar Caps Lock
  • 15. Press this key to return to the original instruction. You can press Esc to quit a task you are performing. Escape Key Spacebar Caps Lock
  • 16. This key is used to lock into the uppercase alphabet mode. Press Caps Lock to change the case of all letters you type. Press the key again to return to the original case. Control Keys Caps Lock Escape Key
  • 17. This key is used to enter uppercase characters. Press this key in combination with another key to type an uppercase letter. Control Keys Shift Key Caps Lock
  • 18. Used to move the insertion point (cursor) inside documents. Left - Right - Up - Down Arrow Keys Spacebar Caps Lock
  • 19. An alternative to right-clicking of an item or file. Control Keys Menu Key Shift Key
  • 20. It consist the letters of the alphabet, punctuations, and other symbols in where the user will be able to encode his word documents. Numeric Keyboard Querty Keyboard Alphanumeric Keyboard
  • 21. What is your score? Click me EXIT
  • 22.  Numeric Keypad  Spacebar  Escape Key  Caps Lock  Shift Key  Arrow Keys  Menu Key  Querty Keyboard ANSWER KEY