Are Toys Making Boys Less Masculine

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Are Toys Making Boys Less Masculine

  1. 1. Are Toys making boys less masculine?<br />By Arianne Lapidus and Lily Cohen<br />
  2. 2. The Study<br />In a study of 145 pre-school aged boys, prenatal exposure to Phthalates, a chemical commonly found in plastic was linked to less masculine play in boys<br />
  3. 3. Why?<br />The masculine brain is developed by using testosterone, and phthalates are believed by some scientistists to lower testosterone levels<br />
  4. 4. During Pregnancy<br />From 2000 to 2003 urine samples were taken from women at 28 weeks into their pregnancies.  The samples were tested for two phthalates DEHP and DBP. <br />
  5. 5. The Questionnaire<br />When the children of these women were between 3 and 6 years old the women answered a questionnaire called the Preschool Activities Inventory.<br />. The questionnaire asked about what toys and activities the sons enjoyed. <br />
  6. 6. The Results<br />The study found that there was a direct relationship between elevated phthalate levels and less  “traditional” male play in their young sons.<br />
  7. 7. Acknowledgements<br />Article Sources : http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/11/091116085040.htm http://www.urmc.rochester.edu/news/story/index.cfm?id=2689Information on Phthalates:http://www.ewg.org/chemindex/term/480<br />Pictures:<br />http://www.topnews.in/healthcare/content/-2285using-cosmetics-during-pregnancy-increase-birth-defect-risk<br />http://abby-may.blogspot.com/2007/09/tuma-family-camping-trip-labor-day-wknd.html<br />www.moonbattery.com/archives/boy-with-doll.jpg<br />
  8. 8. ACK Continued<br />Pictures:<br />http://www.giftsunusual.com/Images-5/29633%20Porcelain%20Doll-Gwyneth.jpg<br />http://www.toymonstertruck.com/Pastrana199ToyTruck.gif<br />
  9. 9. The End<br />

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