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Are Toys Making Boys Less Masculine
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Are Toys Making Boys Less Masculine

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  • 1. Are Toys making boys less masculine?
    By Arianne Lapidus and Lily Cohen
  • 2. The Study
    In a study of 145 pre-school aged boys, prenatal exposure to Phthalates, a chemical commonly found in plastic was linked to less masculine play in boys
  • 3. Why?
    The masculine brain is developed by using testosterone, and phthalates are believed by some scientistists to lower testosterone levels
  • 4. During Pregnancy
    From 2000 to 2003 urine samples were taken from women at 28 weeks into their pregnancies.  The samples were tested for two phthalates DEHP and DBP.
  • 5. The Questionnaire
    When the children of these women were between 3 and 6 years old the women answered a questionnaire called the Preschool Activities Inventory.
    . The questionnaire asked about what toys and activities the sons enjoyed.
  • 6. The Results
    The study found that there was a direct relationship between elevated phthalate levels and less  “traditional” male play in their young sons.
  • 7. Acknowledgements
    Article Sources : http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/11/091116085040.htm http://www.urmc.rochester.edu/news/story/index.cfm?id=2689Information on Phthalates:http://www.ewg.org/chemindex/term/480
    Pictures:
    http://www.topnews.in/healthcare/content/-2285using-cosmetics-during-pregnancy-increase-birth-defect-risk
    http://abby-may.blogspot.com/2007/09/tuma-family-camping-trip-labor-day-wknd.html
    www.moonbattery.com/archives/boy-with-doll.jpg
  • 8. ACK Continued
    Pictures:
    http://www.giftsunusual.com/Images-5/29633%20Porcelain%20Doll-Gwyneth.jpg
    http://www.toymonstertruck.com/Pastrana199ToyTruck.gif
  • 9. The End

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