Swine Flu

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Presentation on Swine FLu

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Swine Flu

  1. 1. Swine Flu The H1N1 Virus
  2. 2. History <ul><ul><li>Spring of 2009, U.S. tourists returning from Mexico have strange form of flu. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many outbreaks and deaths in Mexico. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Origin unclear. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>'this strain has been circulating among pigs, possibly among multiple continents, for many years prior to its  transmission to humans.' -Dr. Oliver Pybus of Oxford University </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Influenza <ul><ul><ul><li>Seasonal Flu </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Swine flu is a type A influenza </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>H1N1 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. H1N1 <ul><ul><li>Structure comes from one hemagglutin and one neuraminidase protein. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>16 different hemagglutin variations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>9 different neuraminidase variations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Genetic material is in RNA form. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>H1N1 is known to use pigs and some birds as 'resevoirs' </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mixture of various human, swine and bird flus </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Signs and Symptoms <ul><ul><li>Fever, can be very high </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Headache </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Muscle Aches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extreme tiredness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dry Cough </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Runny Nose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vomiting and Diarrhea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Various effects of the immune system. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Prognosis <ul><ul><li>Acute onset </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually non-lethal, but deaths have been reported. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Similar to seasonal flu. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Spread <ul><ul><li>Swine flu is Airborne </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transmitted through touch </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Treatment <ul><ul><li>Best option is to be vaccinated. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If one contracts Swine Flu. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Treat the symptoms and stay rested </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A doctor might perscribe an antiviral medication such as Tamiflu or Relenza. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Bigger Picture <ul><ul><li>More hype than actual danger. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No more of a global threat than seasonal flu as of now. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Bigger Picture Continued <ul><ul><li>Visits to doctors for influenza-like illnesses and overall hospitalization rates are declining. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Almost all influenza viruses that have been reported are H1N1. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nine states report regional influenza activity. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is estimated that 4,000 Americans have died from swine flu. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Influenza Mutation Activity <ul><ul><li>Get into groups of two </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One person picks five numbers (0-9) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This person arranges them in a random order and shows them to the other person. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The first person then makes five changes to the order of these numbers and the other person tries to make the same changes, without seeing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compare results. </li></ul></ul>

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