By: Bailey Ottley and Charlsey Tomassetti
Basic Principles Of Genetics <ul><li>How are traits controlled by dominant and recessive alleles? </li></ul><ul><li>Traits...
Human Genome Project <ul><li>When did the project start and how did scientists hope to use this information (what were the...
Genetic Disorders <ul><li>Compare and contrast the three different types of genetic disorders: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Singl...
Smarter Does Not Make You Better <ul><li>I think that Designer Babies are good to make a child be more successful in life ...
A Different Person <ul><li>If you change a kids appearance does that mean the kid will want to look like that? All the hum...
What if the technology got into the wrong hands? <ul><li>If a society ,like the Chinese for example, favored the male chil...
Individuality <ul><li>We have natural cloning now and the people are called twins. But with designer babies, could people ...
Conclusion <ul><li>Designer Babies? A human being is not a fashion accessory. Or an advantage on life. They loose their ri...
Work Cited <ul><li>  &quot;About the Human Genome Project.&quot;  Oak Ridge National Laboratory . Web. 15 Mar. 2011. <http...
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Designer babies powerpoint Bailey and Charlsey periods 1 and 3 10 slides

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Designer babies powerpoint Bailey and Charlsey periods 1 and 3 10 slides

  1. 1. By: Bailey Ottley and Charlsey Tomassetti
  2. 2. Basic Principles Of Genetics <ul><li>How are traits controlled by dominant and recessive alleles? </li></ul><ul><li>Traits controlled by dominant alleles always show up when the dominant allele is present. </li></ul><ul><li>Traits controlled by recessive alleles are masked when the dominant alleles is present. The organism must have 2 recessive alleles in order to have a recessive trait. </li></ul><ul><li>How are traits controlled with co-dominant alleles? </li></ul><ul><li>Traits controlled by co-dominant alleles are neither dominant nor recessive. That means no allele is masked. So when 2 alleles are co-dominant the resulting trait is a combination of the two traits. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how the alleles of two parents combine to express traits in offspring? </li></ul><ul><li>You each inherit one allele for each trait, from each of your parents. When these alleles combine it forms the traits you have now. You could have 2 recessive alleles, 2 dominant alleles, or heterozygous which is one recessive one dominant allele. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Human Genome Project <ul><li>When did the project start and how did scientists hope to use this information (what were the goals in the beginning)? </li></ul><ul><li>Some goals are to identify all the approximately 20,000-25,000 genes in human DNA, determine the sequences of the 3 billion chemical base pairs that make up human DNA, store this information in databases, improve tools for data analysis, transfer related technologies to the private sector, and address the ethical, legal, and social issues (ELSI) that may arise from the project. </li></ul><ul><li>The project started in 1990 and took 13 years to complete in 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>What are the implications of the Human Genome project in regards to Ethical, legal and Social implications (address each of these in your explanation) </li></ul><ul><li>Some people believe that allowing parents to customize there children would take away the uniqueness of each child and they believe babies will turn into customer goods instead of living beings. Mabye even take away important heredity. </li></ul><ul><li>Also will making a child smarter ultimately make them happier? If we live in a world where everyone is genetically altered the children might want to be the way they were before. </li></ul><ul><li>There are no federal regulations not allowing this technology. </li></ul><ul><li>How did the human genome project change current laws such as GINA (Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>The GINA will protect Americans from genetic information discrimination for employment and health insurance. This will mean genetically enhanced humans will be treated the same as regular humans even though they might be smarter or stronger. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Genetic Disorders <ul><li>Compare and contrast the three different types of genetic disorders: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Single gene disorder is when there is abnormality in one cell </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chromosome abnormalities is when there is abnormality in the chromosomes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multifactorial disorders are mutations in multiple genes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They are all abnormalities in one part of the cell or another. Single cell disorders only effect one gene. Multifactorial disorders effect multiple genes and chromosome abnormalities effect the chromosomes . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How can genetic counseling help perspective parents who have a genetic disorder regarding future children? </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic counseling can help perspective parents who have a genetic disorder regarding future children by seeing what disease that you could pass to your offspring by a simple test and helping parents understand what they could pass down and what they decide to do. </li></ul><ul><li>How are karyotypes used to predict genetic disorders? </li></ul><ul><li>They are used to count chromosomes and see if there are more or less that could result in a problem with the offspring. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Smarter Does Not Make You Better <ul><li>I think that Designer Babies are good to make a child be more successful in life if they where to become smarter or stronger, but does that mean it is right? When you alter a child's appearance you take away all the kids individuality. If every baby in the world gets altered no one will be individual. Also making a baby smarter will take away all the challenge in life. If you are just altered to become smart you will find it is very hard to challenge yourself because you will know everything already. If you do not challenge yourself then how can you become better? It also is not fair if you are extremely smart and all the other students will have to work for years to learn all the information you just have because you are genetically altered. So that brings us back to our question, is it right to take away your child’s individuality and a humans ability become better at things? I don’t think so. </li></ul>
  6. 6. A Different Person <ul><li>If you change a kids appearance does that mean the kid will want to look like that? All the humans now except their appearances because they just are like that. If you change the babies appearance through genetic engineering, you would be changing who the baby is. There may also be a way to change a babies character. Then you really would be changing the baby. Before the person is born you would change who they are and get rid of everything that makes that baby itself. Why would a parent do that to a human being!? You would just change the baby into someone else. Someone you want it to be, not who it is. As much as a parent tries they can not make their child do anything they do not want to do. When you genetically alter your baby you are forcing it to be someone else. </li></ul>
  7. 7. What if the technology got into the wrong hands? <ul><li>If a society ,like the Chinese for example, favored the male children over the female children, could the technology end up finishing the entire race because they could not reproduce? People are always going to want power and are always going to favor something, that’s how our minds work. But by giving people the technology that gives them the power to choose, that could mean the end of the world. Also do you think that people would use the technology to fix mutated children? People have been able to live with favoritism and difference when they didn’t have the choice but now that they do, do you think that this will mean that people will use it ethically. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Individuality <ul><li>We have natural cloning now and the people are called twins. But with designer babies, could people like them enough to clone them. People originally lose their individuality by having everything about them picked (see slide six) But cloning takes it too far. People need to be different. And by picking what they are like, you are taking away their right to be different. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Conclusion <ul><li>Designer Babies? A human being is not a fashion accessory. Or an advantage on life. They loose their right to be different because they are having everything about them chosen for them. And they deserve to be treated like a human being not a lab rat! </li></ul>
  10. 10. Work Cited <ul><li>  &quot;About the Human Genome Project.&quot; Oak Ridge National Laboratory . Web. 15 Mar. 2011. <http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/project/about.shtml>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The CQ Researcher Online.&quot; CQ Press Electronic Library . Web. 15 Mar. 2011. <http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/document.php?id=cqresrre2001051800&type=hitlist&num=0>. </li></ul><ul><li>Web. <http://reproductivegenetics.com/docs/pgd_single_gene_packet.pdf>. </li></ul><ul><li>bio200.buffalo.edu </li></ul>

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