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  • Dreaming is defined as the subjective experience of imaginary images, sounds/voices, thoughts or sensations during sleep. Dreams are considered an altered state of consciousness because they are a major variation of what we consider to be normal waking awareness.

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  • 1. What are they, What is their purpose and What dothey mean?
  • 2. Dreaming Dreaming is defined asthe subjectiveexperience of imaginaryimages, sounds/voices,thoughts or sensationsduring sleep. They are an altered stateof consciousness (ASC).
  • 3. What Happens When We Dream? Dreams occur during REMsleep in which brain activityis high and signaled by rapidhorizontal movements of theeyes. Dreams also occur duringnon-REM sleep but are notas well remembered. Researches believe that wedream every time we sleepeven if we cannot rememberthem.
  • 4. What Are Dreams? Sigmund Freud- One of thefirst people to propose a theoryon dreams. Believed that dreams are a manifestationof shameful unconscious thoughts andemotions that human beings encounteron a daily basis. Our dreams are rich with symbolism thatdepict the true intent and emotions ofhuman beings. These forbidden thoughts and urges aretoo shameful for our conscious tohandle, therefore they are pushed backto our unconscious and are freed(butshrouded in symbolism) while we dream. Believed that most of these unconsciousthoughts and emotions were sexual inorigin and nature. Called dreams the “royal road” to theunconscious.
  • 5. More Common Dream Theories Dreams are still thought of as unconscious emotionsbut they do not necessarily have to revolve around sex. Dreams are the brains way of making sense of all theimages and feelings we come across and experienceduring our everyday waking lives. It is also believed that dreams helps us reinforceactions or ideas. Dreams are a product of our evolutionarydevelopment.
  • 6. Evolutionary Theory of Dreams Dreams served as a way toenhance our future survivalas a species. It is theorized that ournightmares are products ofour ancestors’ nightmaresand their way of living. Many of the dreams wehave today are similar tothose our ancestors had,though they do differgreatly. Today, our nightmaresconsist of things such asentering a room naked orlosing our teeth!
  • 7. Types of Dreams “Normal” Dreams Lucid Dreams Nightmares Reoccurring Dreams …and even Daydreams!
  • 8. Daydreaming Daydreaming is categorized as alevel of consciousness betweensleep and wakefulness thought ofas semi-awake. In this sense, they are also a ASC. Daydreams can also be seen as amanifestation of ones true feelingsbecause we often daydream aboutthings we wish to have or things wewish to do. Researches found that people daydream anywhere from 70 to 120minutes a day (up to 2 hours). Worrying is also seen as form ofdaydreaming.
  • 9. Dream Interpretation Dreams are the product of our unconscious and ourexperiences from our everyday lives Many people, especially dream interpreters willattempt to explain the significance of dreams. Some of our more common dreams include: Falling Losing teeth Being chased Public Nudity Sexual