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Effects of institutionalisation
 

Effects of institutionalisation

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    Effects of institutionalisation Effects of institutionalisation Presentation Transcript

    • The effects of Institutionalisation i.e. what happens if a child doesn’t form an attachment early on in life
    • Definition - Institutionalisation This refers to the behaviour patterns of children who have been raised in institutions such as children’s homes. In institutions, children may have relationships with staff however; they may not have one-to-one attachments.
    • The effects of institutionalisation 1. Become Poor Parents 2. Deprivation Dwarfism 3. Attachment Disorder
    • The effects of institutionalisation 1. Become poor parents Institutionalised children may become poor parents later in life. Quinton et al (1984) - Women raised in institutions had extreme difficulties when acting as parents Why might this be? Lack of a role model?
    • The effects of institutionalisation 1. Become poor parents • +VE: Harlow (1960) The monkeys raised in isolation (without a real mother) went on to become poor mothers, many rejected their own offspring How/why does this support the theory? What is the problem with Harlow’s research?
    • The effects of institutionalisation 2. Deprivation Dwarfism Children who have a lack of emotional care may be physically underdeveloped, as well as having emotional problems. The production of hormones are affected by severe emotional disturbances which may result in this dwarfism
    • The effects of institutionalisation 2. Deprivation Dwarfism • +VE: Genie Deprived of emotional care from an early age when Genie was found she was severely physically underdeveloped and found it difficult to form attachments How/why does this support the theory? What is the problem with using this research of Genie?
    • The effects of institutionalisation 2. Deprivation Dwarfism • -VE: Czech Twins Deprived of emotional care the boys were adopted and grew to be of above average intelligence and developed well socially and emotionally How/why does this criticise the theory? What is the problem with using this research of the Czech Twins?
    • The effects of institutionalisation 3. Attachment Disorder A psychiatric disorder that affects a child’s social and emotional development. There are 3 factors related with Attachment Disorder: • i) Children have experienced severe neglect or frequent changes of caregiver. • ii) They have no preferred attachment figure. • iii) They have an inability to interact and relate to others (this is evident before the age of 5) Reactive (inhibited) – Shy and withdrawn Disinhibited – over-friendly and attention seeking
    • The effects of institutionalisation 3. Attachment Disorder • +VE: Hodges & Tizard Found that the children from their research by the age of 16 did not have a special friends, were not likely to be part of a social group and were more likely to become bullies How/why does this support the theory? What is the problem with using Hodges & Tizard’s research?
    • The effects of institutionalisation Outline and evaluate research into the effects of institutionalisation on child development (12 marks)