The effects of separation, deprivation and privation
What we will cover;- What are the effects of a loss of lack ofattachment upon a child’s development?-Maternal Deprivation Hypothesis
Physical disruption of thePC and child bond. Ifsuitable replacement isavailable then it will notneed to have adverseconsequences.Loss of emotional carethat is provided by thePC.
• To study teenage criminals with affectionlesspsychopathy (a lack of normal affection, shame or senseof responsibility) to see if they are more likely to have hadan early separation.• Bowlby believed there would be a relationship, based on thebelief that prolonged separation from the PC would have anegative impact on development.86%
• James and Joyce Robertson conductedobservational studies of children who werebetween about 17 months and 3 years, in the1960’s.• The children went into hospital or were placed inresidential nurseries, separating them from theircaregivers for periods from a few days up toseveral weeks.• The Robertsons were convinced that separatingbabies from their mothers was harmful.Complete the Case Notes sheet aboutJohn using P13
• “Mother love in infancy andchildhood is as important formental health as are vitamins andproteins for physical health.”(Bowlby, 1953.)• Breaking the maternal bond with thechild during the early years (criticalperiod) of its life is likely to haveserious effects on itsintellectual, social and emotionaldevelopment.• Bowlby claimed that many of thesenegative effects are permanent and
• Michael Rutter (1981) argued that if a childfails to develop an attachment this isprivation, whereas deprivation refers to theloss of or damage to an attachment.• He believed that the lack of attachmentwould have more serious consequencesthat the loss of attachment.• Children who have suffered privation do notshow distress when separated from afamiliar figure, which indicates a lack ofattachment.• Privation may happen in conditions ofabuse, neglect or inadequate parental care.
• Effects of privation are more reversible than Bowlbybelieved• The longer the period of privation the harder toreverse the effects• Loving relationships and high quality care arenecessary to reverse privation effects• Research studies in this area suffer from manyproblems including:• Difficulty generalising from single cases or smallsamples• Difficulty separating effects ofprivation, abuse, malnutrition, other trauma orcongenital abnormality