IFPRI: status of pulses in processing sector, India
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IFPRI: status of pulses in processing sector, India

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The presentation is from the one day workshop on ‘Pulses for Nutrition in India: Changing Patterns from Farm-to-Fork’ organized on Jan 14, 2014. The workshop is based on a few studies conducted by......

The presentation is from the one day workshop on ‘Pulses for Nutrition in India: Changing Patterns from Farm-to-Fork’ organized on Jan 14, 2014. The workshop is based on a few studies conducted by the International Food Policy Research Institute under the CGIAR’s Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition and Health. These studies covered the entire domain of pulse sector in India from production to consumption, prices to trade, processing to value addition, and from innovations to the role of private sector in strengthening the entire pulse value chain. These studies were designed to better understand the drivers of changing dynamics of pulses in the value chain from farm-to-fork, and explore opportunities for meeting their availability through increased production, enhanced trade and improved efficiency.

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  • 1. Pulse Processing in India: Performance and Prospects Dr. Anirban Dasgupta South Asian University & Ms. NavneetManchanda Jawaharlal Nehru University
  • 2. Introduction • Empirical study of pulse processing in India using both secondary data & primary case studies • Uses data for both the organized (ASI) as well as unorganized sector (NSS) • Data from three NSS rounds on unorganized/unincorporated manufacturing carried out in 2000-01, 2005-06 & 2010-11 • Corresponding data for the organized sector from ASI for the relevant years(2009-10 instead of 2010-11) • Two case studies carried out in Kotra district in Rajasthan & Gulbarga district in Karnataka
  • 3. Number of Organized and Unorganized Pulse Processing Mills 9000 8000 7000 Frequency 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 2000-01 2005-06 2010-11 NSS 7896 8496 8034 ASI 703 1295 1265
  • 4. Rural-Urban Distribution of Unorganized Enterprises 7000 6000 5000 Frquency 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 Rural Urban 2000-01 2005-06 2010-11 4041 2344 5900 3855 6152 2134
  • 5. 1400 Rural-Urban Distribution of Organized Enterprises 994 842 1200 1000 800 Urban 530 Rural 600 423 400 301 200 173 0 2000-01 2005-06 2010-11
  • 6. Nature of Operations(unorganised units) 9000 8000 7000 6000 5000 Perrenial Seasonal 4000 Casual 3000 2000 1000 0 2000-01 2005-06 2010-11
  • 7. Some Economic Features of the unorganized sector
  • 8. Some Economic Features of the organized sector 2000-01 PlantSize Receipts Exp GVA Worker/Ent GVA/Worker K/L Freq Small 5130434 4608695 518840 6 86473.33 127536 267 Medium 3.29E+07 3.10E+07 1905882 16 119117.6 105294 170 Large 1.44E+08 1.34E+08 9843750 33 2.98E+05 92578 256 Total 6.32E+07 5.89E+07 4303795 18 1.73E+05 109166 693 2005-06 PlantSize Receipts Exp GVA Worker/Ent GVA/Worker K/L Freq Small 6803118 7524366 -730994 10 -70821 42495 493 Medium 3.38E+07 3.22E+07 1494923 15 1.03E+05 45177 394 Large 1.41E+08 1.35E+08 5601023 22 2.49E+05 99744 391 Total 5.62E+07 5.41E+07 2.10E+06 15 8.06E+04 60837 1278 2009-10 PlantSize Small Receipts Exp GVA Worker/Ent GVA/Worker K/L Freq 6053811 5246636 789237 7 1.13E+05 45989 441 Medium 33976608 31637427 2304093 12 192007 83906 171 Large 1.92E+08 1.80E+08 10873950 23 4.73E+05 146326 595 Total 9.46E+07 8.87E+07 5.36E+06 11 2.33E+05 72133 1207
  • 9. Undertaken any activity on Contract basis 9000 8000 7000 Frequency 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 2000-01 2005-06 2010-11 Yes 232 466 0 No 7664 8030 8034
  • 10. Case Study 1: Kotra Daal Mill • Single daal mill set up by a well-known NGO, SevaMandir in remote area of Kotra district in 2009 • Main objective was to help out the local producers in getting remunerative price without having to travel to nearest market in Gujarat • Basic technology used in processing supplemented by local part time labour • Widely used by producers in the area because of hassle-free procurement as well as high prices • However, there is a major institutional deficit at the community level in terms of the capacity to run the operations • Financial sustainability is also an issue • Replication of this model without the help of a mentor NGO is suspect • Employment potential of such processing units is limited
  • 11. Case Study 2: Gulbarga District, Karnataka • Gulbarga is one of the leading tur (pigeon pea) producing district • Long history of pulse processing in and around Gulbarga town to service local production • Currently 308 registered units in the district operating across different scales • Recent establishment of several large units with latest imported machinery, although they have not started working at full capacity • At the same time there is evidence of distress among some of the smaller mills due to problems of procurement as well as working capital (to be elaborated) • Restrictive trade policies of the Indian government was criticized universally by the individual processors as well as the daal mill association • No evidence of contractual arrangements either with producers or marketing agents • Overall, a situation that warrants cautious optimism • Employment potential is limited irrespective of the scale of operation