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  • 1. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market Economy Urban Planning in Japan - Overview of General Legal Structure - 1
  • 2. Learning Session for UBMPS Topics 1. What is the Japanese Urban Planning Law stipulating ? 2. An example in Hiroshima City 3. Some Notes in Planning Agenda 2
  • 3. Learning Session for UBMPS Topics 1. What is the Japanese Urban Planning Law stipulating ? 2. An example in Hiroshima City 3. Some Notes in Planning Agenda 3
  • 4. Learning Session for UBMPS Hierarchical Land Use Planning System Constitution National Land Use Policy National Land Use Planning Act Regional (Prefecture) Land Use Policy City Land Use Plan & Urban Master Plan Urban Planning Act Civil Law Capital Region Development Law Fire Defense Law Building Code Local Ordinance 4
  • 5. Learning Session for UBMPS Overall Urban Planning System in Japan National Land Use Plan (National-Level Plan) s na Pl ev eL r epp U l National Land Use Plan (Prefecture-Level Plan) Master Plan for City Planning Areas (by Prefecture Government) Designation of “ City Planning Area ” City Master Plan City Basic Principles (by the Municipality) Designation of “ Urbanization Promotion Area ” Land Use Regulations - Zoning (Zones & Districts) - Special Districts, etc. Urban Facilities Roads, Parking, Parks, Utilities Schools, Public Services, Terminals, etc. Urban Development Projects 5
  • 6. Learning Session for UBMPS Land Use Regulations Land Use Zone 1. Exclusively Housing Zone for low-raise Building (Class-1) 2. Exclusively Housing Zone for low-raise Building (Class-2) 3. Exclusively Housing Zone for Medium- and High-raise Building (Class-1) 4. Exclusively Housing Zone for Medium- and High-raise Building (Class-2) 5. Housing Zone (Class-1) 6. Housing Zone (Class-2) 7. Semi-housing Zone 8. Industrial Zone 12. Exclusively Industrial Zone Fire Prevention Zone (Secondary) Parking Facilities Development Zone Architectural Merit-Priority Zone Natural Beauty Promotion Zone Open Space Conservation Zone Semi-Industrial Zone 11. Fire Prevention Zone (Primary) Commercial Zone 10. Intensive Land Utilization Zone Neighborhood Commercial Zone 9. Policy Zone/District Distribution Industry Zone Harbor District 6
  • 7. Learning Session for UBMPS Urban Development Project  Land Readjustment Project  Urban Redevelopment Project  New Residential Area Development Project  New Town Infrastructure Development Project  Residential Block Development Project  Industrial Estate Development Project The implementation of “Projects” are all guided by respective legal acts 7
  • 8. Learning Session for UBMPS Topics 1. What is the Japanese Urban Planning Law stipulating ? 2. An example in Hiroshima City 3. Some Notes in Planning Agenda 8
  • 9. Learning Session for UBMPS City of Peace “Hiroshima” 9
  • 10. Learning Session for UBMPS Three Legal Boundaries Jurisdiction Boundary Hiroshima City Urban Planning Area Urban Promotion Area 10
  • 11. Learning Session for UBMPS Designated “Zoning System” 12 Zones in total: Housing = 7 Zones Commercial = 2 Zones Industrial = 3 Zones 11
  • 12. Learning Session for UBMPS Urban Development Projects Three (3) types of Projects: (A) Land Readjustment Projects (B) New Residential Area (New Town) Development Projects (C) Urban Redevelopment Projects 12
  • 13. Learning Session for UBMPS (A) Land Readjustment Project • The LRS project operates by adjusting the boundaries of land plots in order to build roads, parks and utility service facilities, etc. • This improves the value of residential property in the project area, although this involves reduction of individuals’ land areas to share a reserved land area. • The reserved land shall be sold at market prices to cover the project cost. 13
  • 14. Learning Session for UBMPS (B) Urban Redevelopment Project An Urban Redevelopment Project is undertaken where land is not efficiently used, where disaster prevention measures are difficult with environmental problems. 14
  • 15. Learning Session for UBMPS (C) New Residential Area (New Town) Development Project New Towns are developed as one of urban planning projects which legally designated in sub-urban 10~12 km far from the center of City. 15
  • 16. Learning Session for UBMPS Integrated Urban Transport Network Seamless Transport Network 16
  • 17. Learning Session for UBMPS Topics 1. What is the Japanese Urban Planning Law stipulating ? 2. An example in Hiroshima City 3. Some Notes in Planning Agenda 17
  • 18. Learning Session for UBMPS Building Control Building Area = A m2 Land Area = B m2 Total Floor Area = C m2 Height Control C “Building Control Regulations” : B A (For instance) Building Area Ratio (A/B) =< 40% Floor Area Ratio (C/B) =< 300% 18
  • 19. Learning Session for UBMPS Building Height Control Different Constraints are applies, depending upon zones 19
  • 20. Learning Session for UBMPS The Land Readjustment System will be introduced .... Thank you 20

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