Mng jp

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Mng jp

  1. 1. The Study on City Master Plan and Urban Development Program of Ulaanbaatar City (UBMPS) Intensive Learning Session on Urban Planning under Market Economy Urban Planning in Japan - Overview of General Legal Structure - 1
  2. 2. Learning Session for UBMPS Topics 1. What is the Japanese Urban Planning Law stipulating ? 2. An example in Hiroshima City 3. Some Notes in Planning Agenda 2
  3. 3. Learning Session for UBMPS Topics 1. What is the Japanese Urban Planning Law stipulating ? 2. An example in Hiroshima City 3. Some Notes in Planning Agenda 3
  4. 4. Learning Session for UBMPS Hierarchical Land Use Planning System Constitution National Land Use Policy National Land Use Planning Act Regional (Prefecture) Land Use Policy City Land Use Plan & Urban Master Plan Urban Planning Act Civil Law Capital Region Development Law Fire Defense Law Building Code Local Ordinance 4
  5. 5. Learning Session for UBMPS Overall Urban Planning System in Japan National Land Use Plan (National-Level Plan) s na Pl ev eL r epp U l National Land Use Plan (Prefecture-Level Plan) Master Plan for City Planning Areas (by Prefecture Government) Designation of “ City Planning Area ” City Master Plan City Basic Principles (by the Municipality) Designation of “ Urbanization Promotion Area ” Land Use Regulations - Zoning (Zones & Districts) - Special Districts, etc. Urban Facilities Roads, Parking, Parks, Utilities Schools, Public Services, Terminals, etc. Urban Development Projects 5
  6. 6. Learning Session for UBMPS Land Use Regulations Land Use Zone 1. Exclusively Housing Zone for low-raise Building (Class-1) 2. Exclusively Housing Zone for low-raise Building (Class-2) 3. Exclusively Housing Zone for Medium- and High-raise Building (Class-1) 4. Exclusively Housing Zone for Medium- and High-raise Building (Class-2) 5. Housing Zone (Class-1) 6. Housing Zone (Class-2) 7. Semi-housing Zone 8. Industrial Zone 12. Exclusively Industrial Zone Fire Prevention Zone (Secondary) Parking Facilities Development Zone Architectural Merit-Priority Zone Natural Beauty Promotion Zone Open Space Conservation Zone Semi-Industrial Zone 11. Fire Prevention Zone (Primary) Commercial Zone 10. Intensive Land Utilization Zone Neighborhood Commercial Zone 9. Policy Zone/District Distribution Industry Zone Harbor District 6
  7. 7. Learning Session for UBMPS Urban Development Project  Land Readjustment Project  Urban Redevelopment Project  New Residential Area Development Project  New Town Infrastructure Development Project  Residential Block Development Project  Industrial Estate Development Project The implementation of “Projects” are all guided by respective legal acts 7
  8. 8. Learning Session for UBMPS Topics 1. What is the Japanese Urban Planning Law stipulating ? 2. An example in Hiroshima City 3. Some Notes in Planning Agenda 8
  9. 9. Learning Session for UBMPS City of Peace “Hiroshima” 9
  10. 10. Learning Session for UBMPS Three Legal Boundaries Jurisdiction Boundary Hiroshima City Urban Planning Area Urban Promotion Area 10
  11. 11. Learning Session for UBMPS Designated “Zoning System” 12 Zones in total: Housing = 7 Zones Commercial = 2 Zones Industrial = 3 Zones 11
  12. 12. Learning Session for UBMPS Urban Development Projects Three (3) types of Projects: (A) Land Readjustment Projects (B) New Residential Area (New Town) Development Projects (C) Urban Redevelopment Projects 12
  13. 13. Learning Session for UBMPS (A) Land Readjustment Project • The LRS project operates by adjusting the boundaries of land plots in order to build roads, parks and utility service facilities, etc. • This improves the value of residential property in the project area, although this involves reduction of individuals’ land areas to share a reserved land area. • The reserved land shall be sold at market prices to cover the project cost. 13
  14. 14. Learning Session for UBMPS (B) Urban Redevelopment Project An Urban Redevelopment Project is undertaken where land is not efficiently used, where disaster prevention measures are difficult with environmental problems. 14
  15. 15. Learning Session for UBMPS (C) New Residential Area (New Town) Development Project New Towns are developed as one of urban planning projects which legally designated in sub-urban 10~12 km far from the center of City. 15
  16. 16. Learning Session for UBMPS Integrated Urban Transport Network Seamless Transport Network 16
  17. 17. Learning Session for UBMPS Topics 1. What is the Japanese Urban Planning Law stipulating ? 2. An example in Hiroshima City 3. Some Notes in Planning Agenda 17
  18. 18. Learning Session for UBMPS Building Control Building Area = A m2 Land Area = B m2 Total Floor Area = C m2 Height Control C “Building Control Regulations” : B A (For instance) Building Area Ratio (A/B) =< 40% Floor Area Ratio (C/B) =< 300% 18
  19. 19. Learning Session for UBMPS Building Height Control Different Constraints are applies, depending upon zones 19
  20. 20. Learning Session for UBMPS The Land Readjustment System will be introduced .... Thank you 20

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