Sarah nietupski Beethoven and the Horn


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Sarah nietupski Beethoven and the Horn

  1. 1. Beethoven & the Horn An exploration of Ludwig van Beethoven, his creative genius, and his use of the horn in two major works. By Sarah Nietupski
  2. 2. Sonata for Horn & Piano Op. 17 Premiered on April 18, 1800 by Punto, horn, and Beethoven, piano. Beethoven at age 29. Written in less than three weeks for a large concert in Vienna.
  3. 3. Sonata for Horn & Piano Op. 17 Movement III In “Rondo” form – themes that repeat and can be broken into a systematic form such as “ABA.” “A” will be the first melody played by me. How many times do you hear “A” in this piece?
  4. 4. Answer: “A” comes back 4-5 times in pieces, but 3 times total – trick question! Rondo: ABACA
  5. 5. Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) Transitioned the world from the Classical to Romantic Era. One of the world’s most inventive and creative geniuses. First composition published around age 12. Early symphonies and works pushed the boundaries of the Classical Era.
  6. 6. Beethoven’s Hearing Loss Began to notice deafness around 1796. Ruined his social life. Made more public in 1802 through “Heiligenstadt Testament.” Used music to transcend painful emotions.
  7. 7. Symphony No. 3: Eroica Composed in 1803 and premiered in Vienna on April 7, 1805. Ground-breaking piece for Beethoven and the musical world as a whole. Originally dedicated to Napoleon Bonaparte until he became the Emperor. Kicked off the beginning of a new age for Beethoven – his “Heroic” Period.
  8. 8. Movements of the Eroica Movement one: Introduces theme of hero. Movement two: “Marche Funebre” – Memory of Napoleon. Movement three: Post-mortem call of the hero through the hunting horn trio section. Movement four: “Motto” of the hero.
  9. 9. Outstanding Qualities of the Eroica New level of composition for Beethoven.  Music of growth than transcends pain and finds heroism and triumph in life. One of the first symphonies to…  Have extra-musical title (Eroica=Heroic)  Have “forcefulness, expanded range and evident radical intent.” (Grove Dictionary)  Include three horns instead of two.
  10. 10. The Horn in the 18th & 19th Centuries Evolved in Austria-Bohemia Regions (not France!) Popularity as a hunting horn spread, “regarded as an essential status symbol without which a nobleman’s court was not considered complete” (Fitzpatrick). But there is a catch…
  11. 11. The Hand Horn No valves! 1750-1830 (Death of Beethoven) 1750: First time the performer used his or her right hand to manipulate pitch. To this day, still a very virtuosic art. Both the Eroica & Sonata Op. 17 were originally played on hand horns.
  12. 12. Horns in Symphony No. 3 Used to thematically signify heroism in the piece. “Instrument of the mounted hunt…all embody the horn’s power to evoke the concepts of valor and of the out-of-doors; and what instrument could better call a picture of God marching into the world than the horn?” (Fitzpatrick) No better instrument to signify triumph or Beethoven himself than the call of the horns!
  13. 13. Third Movement: Scherzo & Trio Addition of three horns added force and dignity. “Call to the people awaiting a hero.” Ex. French Revolution + Napoleon’s destruction. Listening #1: Valved horns & modern instruments Listening #2: Hand horns & period instruments
  14. 14. Beethoven: A Creative Genius & Musical Hero Symphony No. 3 as a metaphor:  French Revolution Beethoven as a man and hero, overcoming fate to pursue his creative genius.  New life and growth manifests through triumph and heroism. Went on to compose six more phenomenal symphonies and hundreds of other works.
  15. 15. Thank you for listening! Special thanks to Dr. Colleen Conway, Kerwin Leader, Dr. Marty Marks, and Ann Konz for helping me make this happen! Questions or comments?“…only art it was that withheld me, ah it seemed impossible to leave the world until I had produced all that I felt called upon me to produce” – Beethoven, Heiligenstadt Testament, 1802.