UNIT V - Class 30

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UNIT V - Class 30

  1. 1. Erik Satie (1866-1925) <ul><li>Quintessential musical iconoclast </li></ul><ul><li>Best known for a steady output of solo piano music </li></ul><ul><li>Esotericism/Mysticism/Aestheticism </li></ul><ul><li>3 Gymnopédies </li></ul><ul><li>3 Gnossiennes </li></ul><ul><li>Ogives </li></ul><ul><li>Humor/Absurdity </li></ul><ul><li>Three Pieces in the Form of a Pear </li></ul><ul><li>Flabby Preludes (For a Dog) </li></ul><ul><li>Fashionability/Avant Garde </li></ul><ul><li>Sports et Divertissements </li></ul><ul><li>Parade </li></ul><ul><li>Socrate </li></ul>
  2. 2. Ogives (Gothic Arches)
  3. 3. Erik Satie (1866-1925) <ul><li>Quintessential musical iconoclast </li></ul><ul><li>Best known for a steady output of solo piano music </li></ul><ul><li>Esotericism/Mysticism/Aestheticism </li></ul><ul><li>3 Gymnopédies </li></ul><ul><li>3 Gnossiennes </li></ul><ul><li>Ogives </li></ul><ul><li>Humor/Absurdity </li></ul><ul><li>Three Pieces in the Form of a Pear </li></ul><ul><li>Flabby Preludes (For a Dog) </li></ul><ul><li>Fashionability/Avant Garde </li></ul><ul><li>Sports et Divertissements </li></ul><ul><li>Parade </li></ul><ul><li>Socrate </li></ul>
  4. 4. Three Pieces in the Form of a Pear
  5. 5. Erik Satie (1866-1925) <ul><li>Quintessential musical iconoclast </li></ul><ul><li>Best known for a steady output of solo piano music </li></ul><ul><li>Esotericism/Mysticism/Aestheticism </li></ul><ul><li>3 Gymnopédies </li></ul><ul><li>3 Gnossiennes </li></ul><ul><li>Ogives </li></ul><ul><li>Humor/Absurdity </li></ul><ul><li>Three Pieces in the Form of a Pear </li></ul><ul><li>Flabby Preludes (For a Dog) </li></ul><ul><li>Fashionability/Avant Garde </li></ul><ul><li>Sports et Divertissements </li></ul><ul><li>Parade </li></ul><ul><li>Socrate </li></ul>
  6. 6. Parade (1917): Cubism, Surrealism, and the Ballets Russes Scenario by Jean Cocteau Music by Satie Sets and Costumes by Pablo Picasso Choreagraphed by Léonide Massine
  7. 7. Igor Stravinsky (1882-1971) Born in Russia (St. Petersburg), lived in France, Switzerland, and the US Early ballets with Diaghalev – large, rhythmic, brash – establish pre-war reputation as precocious enfant terrible
  8. 8. Stravinsky’s Three Periods Early: The “Russian” Period “ Primitivism” - characterized by “folk” elements: Simple, but exotic melodies Repetitive, forceful rhythms Major works (ballets): Petrouchka The Rite of Spring Les Noces Middle: The Neo-Classical Period A self-conscious return to styles, forms, and gestures of an earlier time – referential, stylized Major works: Pulcinella Octet for Winds Symphony of Psalms The Rake’s Progress Late Style Cultivation of an austere, astringent, highly expressive, complex but stripped-down compositional approach Major works: Agon (ballet) Requien Canticles In Memoriam Dylan Thomas
  9. 9. Neo-Classicism: From Puclinella to The Rake’s Progress Pulcinella (1920) Based on sketches by Pergolesi The Rake’s Progress (1951) Libretto by W.H. Auden, Based on a series of Hogarth engravings
  10. 10. In Memoriam Dylan Thomas (1954) 1914-1953 Do not go gentle into that good night, Old age should burn and rave at close of day; Rage, rage against the dying of the light.

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