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Ludwig Van Beethoven


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History of Beethoven

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Ludwig Van Beethoven

  1. 1. Ludwig van Beethoven
  2. 2. Biography He was baptized on December 17th 1770 at Bonn, Germany; His family originated from Brabant, in Belgium; His father, Johann van Beethoven, was a musician at the court of Bonn, with a definite weakness for alcohol; His mother, Maria Magdalena van Beethoven, was always described as a gentle, retiring woman, with a warm heart. Beethoven referred to her as his “best friend.”; The Beethoven family consisted of seven children, but only the three boys survived, of whom Ludwig was the eldest;
  3. 3. Biography At an early age he took an interest in music and his father taught him day and night, on returning to the house from music practice or the tavern; New Mozart; On March 26th 1778, at the age of 7 ½, Ludwig Van Beethoven gave his first public performance at Cologne; His father announced that he was 6 years old. Because of this Beethoven always thought that he was younger than he actually was;
  4. 4. Biography Even much later, when he received a copy of his baptism certificate, he thought it belonged to his brother Ludwig Maria, who was born two years before him and died as a child; Beethoven lived a time of musical transition between the Classical and Romantic era; At 22 years old he moved to the city of Vienna, Austria, where he built his career; Over the last years of his life, he suffered from deafness; He died on March 26, 1827, while composing his 10th symphony.
  5. 5. Biography
  6. 6. Biography
  7. 7. Biography
  8. 8. Cantata Cantata comes from the Italian word cantare, which means, "to sing." In its early form, cantatas referred to a music piece that is meant to be sung; Today, a cantata is a vocal work with multiple movements and instrumental accompaniment; Often has a religious subject; A composition for one or more voices usually comprising solos, duets, recitatives, and choruses and sung to an instrumental accompaniment;
  9. 9. Cantata Beethoven composed the Cantata on the Death of the Emperor Joseph II in 1790, but the work was not performed until 1884, when it had its premiere that November in Vienna.
  10. 10. Symphony A symphony is an extended piece in three or more movements for symphony orchestra. Define as an instrumental passage in a vocal or choral composition. Characterized by a harmonious combination of elements; Over 200 years, after Beethoven composed his first symphony and the numerous representations and concerts, were throughout time more than often controversial, at the same time offering unique aesthetic interpretations.
  11. 11. Symphony • Symphony No. 1, in C major, op. 21 (1799-1800) • Symphony No. 2, in D major, op.36 (1802) • Symphony No. 3, in E flat major, op.55, also known as “Eroica”, (1804) • Symphony No. 4, in B flat major, op. 60, (1806) • Symphony No. 5, in C minor, op. 67 (1807) • Symphony No. 6, in F major, op. 68, also known as „Pastoral” (1808) • Symphony No. 7, in La major, op. 92, also known as “The Apotheosis of Dance”, (1812) • Symphony No. 8, in F major, op.93 also known as “The Little Symphony”(1812) • Symphony No. 9, with a choir and soloists, in D minor, op.125 (1817-1825)
  12. 12. Symphony
  13. 13. Musical Instruments of an orchestra Strings - Cello - Double Bass - Harp - Viola - Violin
  14. 14. Musical Instruments of an orchestra Percussion - Bass Drum - Castanets - Guiro - Snare Drum - Tambourine - Chimes - Cymbals - Glockenspiel - Gong - Timpani - Triangle -Xylophone
  15. 15. Musical Instruments of an orchestra Woodwinds - Bass Clarinet - Bassoon - Clarinet - Contrabassoon - English Horn - Flute - Oboe - Piccolo - Saxophone
  16. 16. Musical Instruments of an orchestra Brass - French Horn - Trombone - Trumpet - Tuba
  17. 17. Musical Instruments of an orchestra Keyboards - Harpsichord - Organ - Piano
  18. 18. Musical Instruments of an orchestra
  19. 19. Composers from his period Christoph Willibald Gluck (17141787) German classical composer, who was born in 1714 in Erasbach in Bavaria, Germany, and died in 1787 in Vienna, Austria. Known for his operas he composed, including Orfeoed Eurydice (1762), Alceste (1767), Parideed Elena (1770), Iphigénie en Aulide (1774), the French version of Orfeo (1774) and Iphigene en Tauride (1779).
  20. 20. Composers from his period Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) Austrian composer born in 1732, in Rohrau, Austria, and died in 1809 in Vienna, Austria. It was one of the most important figures in the development of the classical style in music, in the eighteenth century. His biggest contribution was helping to establish forms for the string quartet and the symphony.
  21. 21. Composers from his period Wofgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) One of the seven sons of composer, singer, actor and professional violinist Leopold Mozart (1719-1787) and Anna Maria WalburgaPertl (17201778), Johann Chrisostomus Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, better known as Amadeus Mozart, is distinguished by his precocious genius who considers himself the greatest prodigy in music history.
  22. 22. Composers from his period Antonio Salieri (1750-1825) Salieri was a respected Kapellmeister who was most notable for his contributions to opera, but stopped composing operas in 1804 before composing only church music. Salieri was friends with Haydn and gave music composition lessons to Ludwig van Beethoven.
  23. 23. Composers from his period MuzioClementi (1752-1832) As the "Father of the Pianoforte," Clementi was a strong and vocal promoter of the piano. Clementi was a master of many musical trades including a performer, composer, publisher, teacher, a rranger, and even instrument maker. He traveled extensively throughout Europe, collecting and publishing music manuscripts including those of Beethoven's and selling pianos.
  24. 24. Composers from his period Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805) Luigi Boccherini lived during the same time as Haydn. In fact, their music is so closely related, musicologists often refer to Boccherini as the "wife of Haydn." Unfortunately, Bocchernini's music never surpassed the popularity of Haydn's and he sadly died in poverty.
  25. 25. Composers from his period Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (17141788) The second of three sons born to the great composer, Johann Sebastian Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (named in part to honor Georg Philpp Telemann, Bach Sr.'s friend and C.P.E. Bach's godfather), was highly revered by Mozart, Haydn, and Beethoven.
  26. 26. Famous Compositions Beethoven is best known for his nine symphonies, which have been called the cornerstones of Western civilization; His most famous symphonies are the Fifth Symphony and the Ninth Symphony because of their grandeur; The bars of the Fifth are supposed to represent Fate knocking at the door.
  27. 27. Famous Compositions
  28. 28. Famous Compositions
  29. 29. Famous Compositions Beethoven is remembered for his potency on the piano; These two piano sonatas are two of his most famous; The Moonlight is best remembered for it's dream-like opening; The Pathetique, on the other hand, is a passionate and desperate work, which requires that the symphony produce a loud, overwhelming sound.
  30. 30. Famous Compositions
  31. 31. Famous Compositions Piano Sonatas * Sonata in C sharp minor, op. 27, nr. 2 “The Moonlight Sonata” * Sonata in C minor, op. 13, “Pathetique” - Sonata in F minor, op. 57, “Appassionata” - "Für Elise" Bagatelle No. 25 in A minor (WoO 59 and Bia 515) for solo piano. Opera - 'Fidelio' Mass - MissaSolemnis D Major, Op. 123 Concertos - Concerto for violin in D by Ludwig van Beethoven - Piano Concerto no. 5 “Emperor” in E flat major op. 73 String Quartets - Beethoven: String Quartets Op 131 & 135 / Bernstein by Ludwig van Beethoven
  32. 32. Music is a higher revelation than all wisdom and philosophy.
  33. 33. ovensympho.htm