MUS103: Survey of Music History II Dr. Kathleen Bondurant, Ph.D. Chamber Music and Dance Forms
Chamber Music <ul><li>Chamber Music </li></ul><ul><li>An important offspring of the symphony was the ripieno concerto —a relatively little-explored form resembling a concerto for strings and continuo, but with no solo instruments. The earliest known ripieno concerti are by Giuseppe Torelli (his set of six, opus five, 1698). Antonio Vivaldi also wrote works of this type. Perhaps the best known ripieno concerto is Johann Sebastian Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No. 3 . </li></ul>
Salon Music <ul><li>Salon music was a popular music genre in Europe during the 19th century and was usually written for solo piano, solo instruments or small groups in the romantic style, and often performed by the composer at events known as "Salons". Salon compositions are usually fairly short and often focus on virtuoso pianistic display or emotional expression of a sentimental character. Common sub-genres of salon music are the operatic paraphrase or fantasia, in which multiple themes from a popular opera are the basis of the composition, and the musical character-piece, which portrays in music a particular situation or narrative. </li></ul>
Dance Forms—The Waltz <ul><li>DANCE FORMS </li></ul><ul><li>The Waltz— The waltz is a dance in triple time (3/4) that became popular in Europe in the 19 th century. Its influence in musical history has been far greater than any other dance form. The name is derived from the German word “walzen”, meaning to turn or rotate. The earliest known example is said to be from a composition by Joseph Kurz, Stegreifkomedie, written in 1754. </li></ul>
Johann Strauss, Jr. http://www.musicwithease.com/johann-strauss-pictures.html Johann Strauss, the Younger, Austrian composer (1825-99) Known as the Waltz King, Strauss wrote over 150 Viennese waltzes, including An der schönen blauen Donau (The Blue Danube) and Geschichten aus dem Wienerwald (Tales from the Vienna Woods). Other Strauss music includes operettas, such as Die Fledermaus (The Bat) and Der Zigeunerbaron (The Gypsy Baron), as well as many polkas and marches.
Dance Forms—The Polka <ul><li>The Polka— is a lively dance in 2/4 time which is said to have originated in Czechoslovakia, and was first introduced in Prague in 1837. The polka is said to have originated from the Czech term “polska”, meaning Polish girl. The polka was used in the repertoires of all the leading 19 th century composers. The polka form has also been adapted into “serious” music. The best-known example probably being the second movement of Bedrich Smetana’s string quartet, From My Life . </li></ul>
Bedrich Smetana www.musicwithease.com/smetana-pictures.html Bedrich Smetana Czech composer (1824-84) Smetana was a Czech composer. Smetana music includes; his operas, The Brandenburgers in Bohemia and The Bartered Bride : the symphonic poems, Ma Vlast (My Country); and string quartets such as From My Life .
Text Sources: Sadie, Stanley, ed. “Europe”, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians , Vol. 9. Macmillan Publishers, Ltd. London.1980. P. 295-315. Wade, Bonnie C., Thinking Musically: Expressing Music; Expressing Culture , Oxford University Press, Oxford, England. 2004. P. 50, 58, 98. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_of_Europe http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ballet http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opera http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symphony http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salon_music http://www.karadar.com/PhotoGallery/schumann.html http://www.karadar.com/Dictionary/bartok.html http://www.karadar.com/PhotoGallery/mahler.html Sadie, Stanley, ed. “Waltz”, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians , Vol. 20. Macmillan Publishers, Ltd. London.1980. P. 200-206. Sadie, Stanley, ed. “Polka”, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians , Vol. 15. Macmillan Publishers, Ltd. London.1980. P. 42-44. www.musicwithease.com