Greece - The rise of fascism
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Greece - The rise of fascism

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The economic crisis in Greece, deepened by the measures imposed by the Troika, have brought the country into a state of decay. Almost all layers of the population are hit and despair is reigning ...

The economic crisis in Greece, deepened by the measures imposed by the Troika, have brought the country into a state of decay. Almost all layers of the population are hit and despair is reigning supreme. The support for the traditional 'moderate' parties is fading away, resulting a a polarization of the society. The missed chances of the radical left resulted in a serious push of fascism. They are increasingly, openly and proudly using violence against migrants. The weakening Greek state and the police force, of which over 50% voted for the fascists, do not intervene. The radical left has the historical responsibility to put forward appealing, radical left policies in order to counter the fascist threat.

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Greece - The rise of fascism Greece - The rise of fascism Presentation Transcript

  • Greece skimminglight.net Greece Overview * Society in decay * Rise of Golden Dawn * The workers movement * Conclusions8 Oct 2012 1/53
  • Greece > Chrysi Avgi skimminglight.net Society in decay8 Oct 2012 2/53
  • Greece > Society in Decay skimminglight.net Society in Decay http://www.statista.com/statistics/14538/gross-domestic-product-growth-rate-in-greece/8 Oct 2012 3/53
  • Greece > Society in Decay skimminglight.net Society in Decay ● Impoverishment – Homelessness – Hunger – Unemployment ● Despair ● Exodus ● Austerity: now 13.5 bln € http://www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_wsite1_1_25/07/2012_453677 http://www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_wsite1_1_01/12/2011_417027 http://www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_wsite2_1_01/10/2012_463880 http://www.tradingeconomics.com/greece/unemployment-rate http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-18391248 http://www.athensnews.gr/issue/13512/58161 http://www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_wsite1_1_27/07/2012_4541638 Oct 2012 4/53
  • Greece > Society in Decay skimminglight.net Athens News 28/09/12 - http://www.athensnews.gr/issue/13513/583498 Oct 2012 5/53
  • Greece > Society in Decay skimminglight.net “Striking doctors and healtcare professionals warn that immediate funding is needed to avert collapse of primary healthcare” Athens News 28/09/12 Athens News 28/09/12 - http://www.athensnews.gr/issue/13513/583498 Oct 2012 6/53
  • Greece > Society in Decay skimminglight.net Society in Decay ● Christine Lagarde, head IMF – More sympathy for victims of poverty in sub- Saharan Africa than Greeks – Greeks "should also help themselves collectively" by paying their taxes. – As an official of an international institution, her salary of $467,940 (£298,675) a year plus $83,760 additional allowance a year is not subject to any taxes. (The Guardian, May 29, 2012) http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/may/29/christine-lagarde-pays-no-tax8 Oct 2012 7/53
  • Greece > Society in Decay skimminglight.net Privatizations The Greek government announced a wide ranging privatization programme, spanning rail and road transport, airports and ports, utilities, gaming and public real estate holdings. (minfin.gr) The island of Pezonisi, also known as Nisi ton Oneiron (Island of Dreams), is set to become the first island to be leased to the private sector for tourism development.http://www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_wsite2_1_28/09/2012_463511http://www.minfin.gr/portal/en/resource/contentObject/id/2f09efef-f916-4450-8236-de0606f1e12d8 Oct 2012 8/53
  • Greece > Polarization skimminglight.net Polarization Threat of chaos Promise to renegotiate Idea of left government Government Radical left Eco. Lib. Fasco Fasco- Nat. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elections_in_Greece8 Oct 2012 9/53
  • Greece skimminglight.net8 Oct 2012 10/53
  • Greece > Chrysi Avgi skimminglight.net Rise of Golden Dawn (Chrysi Avgi)8 Oct 2012 11/53
  • Greece > Chrysi Avgi > Fascism skimminglight.net Fascism ● Authoritarian – Dictatorship – Destructions of workers organizations – Social & cultural control ● Extreme nationalist – Racism – Denial of class contradictions of capitalism ● Open use of violence ● Phenomenon of capitalism in decay8 Oct 2012 12/53
  • Greece > Chrysi Avgi > symbolism skimminglight.net <Click to start video>8 Oct 2012 13/53
  • Greece > Chrysi Avgi > symbolism skimminglight.net8 Oct 2012 14/53
  • Greece > Chrysi Avgi > symbolism skimminglight.net8 Oct 2012 15/53
  • Greece > Chrysi Avgi > Violence skimminglight.net Chrysi Avgi in action ● Corinth, 23/08/12 ● Chrysi Avgi members, led by MP Eystathios Boukouras clash with riot police over the transfer of 250-400 illegal immigrants to an army camp. ● It is a “criminal action” to convert facilities of the Greek Army into “tourism centres for illegal immigrants.” 1 ● The following pictures were published by Chrysi Avgi... 1. http://www.xryshaygh.com/index.php/enimerosi/view/sumbainei-twra-epeisodia-sthn-korintho-fwtografies8 Oct 2012 16/53
  • Greece > Chrysi Avgi > Violence skimminglight.net8 Oct 2012 17/53
  • Greece > Chrysi Avgi > Violence skimminglight.net8 Oct 2012 18/53
  • Greece > Chrysi Avgi > Violence skimminglight.net8 Oct 2012 19/53
  • Greece > Chrysi Avgi > Violence skimminglight.net “Informative action” Pireus, 10 September 2012http://www.xryshaygh.com/index.php/enimerosi/view/enhmerwtikh-drash-stis-geitonies-tou-peiraia-kai-ths-nikaias8 Oct 2012 20/53
  • Greece > Chrysi Avgi > Violence skimminglight.net “Informative action”http://www.xryshaygh.com/index.php/enimerosi/view/enhmerwtikh-drash-stis-geitonies-tou-peiraia-kai-ths-nikaias8 Oct 2012 21/53
  • Greece > Chrysi Avgi > Violence skimminglight.net “Informative action”http://www.xryshaygh.com/index.php/enimerosi/view/enhmerwtikh-drash-stis-geitonies-tou-peiraia-kai-ths-nikaias8 Oct 2012 22/53
  • Greece > Chrysi Avgi > Violence skimminglight.net Violence ● Intensifying1 ● Video – Election debate (7/6/12) – Assault in Rafina near Athens2 (5/9/12) – Cleaning market Messologgioy3 (8/9/12) ● Next – Political adversaries & workers movement – Currently limited 1. http://www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_wsite1_1_14/08/2012_456870 2. http://www.xryshaygh.com/index.php/enimerosi/view/chrush-augh-paremporio-telos 3. http://www.xryshaygh.com/index.php/enimerosi/view/enochlhthhkan-oi-tourkoi-apo-tis- draseis-ths-chrushs-aughs8 Oct 2012 23/53
  • Greece > Chrysi Avgi > Violence skimminglight.net Violence ● Intensifying1 click for video ● Video click for video – Election debate (7/6/12) – Assault in Rafina near Athens2 (5/9/12) click for video – Cleaning market Messologgioy3 (8/9/12) ● Next – Political adversaries & workers movement – Currently limited 1. http://www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_wsite1_1_14/08/2012_456870 2. http://www.xryshaygh.com/index.php/enimerosi/view/chrush-augh-paremporio-telos 3. http://www.xryshaygh.com/index.php/enimerosi/view/enochlhthhkan-oi-tourkoi-apo-tis- draseis-ths-chrushs-aughs8 Oct 2012 24/53
  • Greece skimminglight.net Intensifying violence on immigrants <Watch video>http://www.athensnews.gr/portal/1/585428 Oct 2012 25/53
  • Greece skimminglight.net Intensifying violence on immigrants <Watch video> [The centre was used to] watch football and host childrens birthday parties, among other activities. The center was attacked the night of September 25th, by a mob believed to be linked with Golden Down. The centre was ransacked after a group of 30- 40 residents & GD members visited the night before, threatening trouble if they did not close. Certain accounts assert that police “left” or “stood by” during the attack.http://www.athensnews.gr/portal/1/585428 Oct 2012 26/53
  • Greece > Chrysi Avgi > Social Services skimminglight.net Social Services ● Support fire fighters8 Oct 2012 27/53
  • Greece > Chrysi Avgi > Social Services skimminglight.net Social Services ● Support fire fighters ● Blood donations8 Oct 2012 28/53
  • Greece > Chrysi Avgi > Social Services skimminglight.net Social Services ● Support fire fighters ● Blood donations click for video ● Food distribution => support8 Oct 2012 29/53
  • Greece > Chrysi Avgi > Support skimminglight.net Support ● Radical break methods other parties ● Criticise foreign speculators ● Ideas via press, parliament, own newspaper, ... ● Currently 9% - 12% (3th party) ● Tolerated by state – Growing impotence state – Chrysi Avgi taking over tasks state – “Only party helping Greeks” (Chrysi Avgi)2 – Police > 50% supports Chrysi Avgi1 – Danger: out of control 1. http://rt.com/news/greek-police-vote-nazis-350/ 2. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/sep/28/greek-police-victims-neo-nazi8 Oct 2012 30/53
  • Greece > Chrysi Avgi > Law & order skimminglight.net Law and order ● Taking over responsibilities of state – Social services – Police tasks8 Oct 2012 31/53
  • Greece > Chrysi Avgi > Law & order skimminglight.net Law and order http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/sep/28/greek-police-victims-neo-nazi8 Oct 2012 32/53
  • Greece > Chrysi Avgi > Law & order skimminglight.net Law and order [C. Avgi] is increasingly assuming the role of law enforcement officers on the streets of the bankrupt country, with mounting evidence that Athenians are being openly directed by police to seek help from the neo-Nazi group, analysts, activists and lawyers say. “They immediately said if its an issue with immigrants go to Golden Dawn." http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/sep/28/greek-police-victims-neo-nazi8 Oct 2012 33/53
  • Greece > Chrysi Avgi > Law & order skimminglight.net Law and order But the hand-outs come at a price: allegiance to GD. "A friend who was being seriously harassed by her husband and was referred to the party by the police very soon found herself giving it clothes and food in return. Shes a liberal and certainly no racist and is disgusted by what she has had to do." http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/sep/28/greek-police-victims-neo-nazi8 Oct 2012 34/53
  • Greece skimminglight.net8 Oct 2012 35/53
  • Greece > Workerss movement skimminglight.net Workers movement8 Oct 2012 36/53
  • Greece > Workerss movement > SYRIZA skimminglight.net SYRIZA ● Weaknesses – Influx bureaucrats – Weak local activity – Weak(ening) demands – Migration? ● No lead – Against gov & troïka / fascism ● Does not reach its potential – Evolutions? http://www.athensnews.gr/issue/13512/581658 Oct 2012 37/53
  • Greece > Workerss movement > Until elections skimminglight.net Until Elections ● 2.5 years of workers struggle – 17 general strikes – No victories ● Elections – Hopes on the electoral front.... NOT! – Disillusions, decline consciousness & combativity ● Space for Chrysi Avgi8 Oct 2012 38/53
  • Greece > Workerss movement > Since elections skimminglight.net Since Elections ● Decreasing support government – Gov. not keeping its promisses – 90%: “new cuts unfair”1 ● Strikes and demos ongoing – Sometimes: funeral marches – “Better than nothing” & “What else can we do?” http://www.athens24.com/news-article.html?news_id=19308 Oct 2012 39/53
  • Greece > Polls skimminglight.net Since Electionshttp://www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_wsite1_1_06/09/2012_4599538 Oct 2012 40/53
  • Greece > Polls skimminglight.net % “26% appreciates the actions of Golden Dawn towards immigrants while 69.5% does not.” Government Radical left Nat. Fascist http://news247.gr/eidiseis/politiki/sto_0_5_h_diafora_nd-syriza.1940262.html8 Oct 2012 41/53
  • Greece > Workerss movement > Last 2-3 weeks skimminglight.net Last 2-3 weeks ● General strike 26/09 – “24h strikes wont help. Something bigger needed” – “Spain & Portugal?” ● Start antifa movement – Defense committees8 Oct 2012 42/53
  • Greece > Workerss movement > Last 2-3 weeks skimminglight.net Last 2-3 weeks ● GENOP/DEI (electrical workers): – "Workers’ occupations of the main ministries, public agencies, all the banks, all tax offices, the airports and ports" – "Coordinated call for repeated 48-hour general strikes and massive daily rallies at Syntagma Square.” – Other unions → same direction ● Union of doctors in public hospitals – Indefinite general strike ● New phase in class struggle?8 Oct 2012 43/53
  • Greece > Anarchists skimminglight.net Anarchists8 Oct 2012 44/53
  • Greece > Anarchists skimminglight.net Anarchists8 Oct 2012 45/53
  • Greece > Anarchists skimminglight.net Anarchists <click for video>8 Oct 2012 46/53
  • Greece > Anarchists skimminglight.net Anarchists Fighting symptoms, not causes <click for video>8 Oct 2012 47/53
  • Greece skimminglight.net8 Oct 2012 48/53
  • Greece > Conclusions skimminglight.net Conclusions8 Oct 2012 49/53
  • Greece > Conclusions skimminglight.net Conclusions ● Capitalism failed → radicalisation ● 2.5 years of workers struggle – Radical left missed opportunities – Disillusion & despair – Temporal setback consciousness – Lessons8 Oct 2012 50/53
  • Greece > Conclusions skimminglight.net Conclusions ● Fascists took the initiative – Preparing years in advance – Gained confidence – Considerable support – Climate of intimidation & fear amongst immigrants ● Defense being built8 Oct 2012 51/53
  • Greece > Conclusions skimminglight.net Conclusions ● Outlook – Rythm of class struggle ● Mood changing ● Internationalization ● SYRIZA8 Oct 2012 52/53
  • Greece skimminglight.net Questions / Discussion8 Oct 2012 53/53