Marxism (Part II)

2,798 views

Published on

Presentation prepared for lectures on Marxism for PS 240 Introduction to Political Theory at the University of Kentucky, Spring 2007. Dr. Christopher S. Rice, Instructor.

Published in: News & Politics, Career
0 Comments
4 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,798
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
213
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
4
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Marxism (Part II)

  1. 1. Marxism (Part Two) Dr. Christopher S. Rice
  2. 2. Why capitalism is DOOOOOOOMED!
  3. 3. Capitalism contains within itself the seeds of its own destruction
  4. 4. Capitalism has created its own “grave-diggers” by creating a class with interests diametrically opposed to its own, brought them together & taught them how to cooperate
  5. 5. Thus, they become a unified class, which has common interests and a common enemy, the bourgeoisie
  6. 6. The proletariat then comes to realize that it is a class with nothing to lose but everything to gain by revolting against and overthrowing the bourgeoisie
  7. 7. Bourgeois-Proletariat Dialectic <ul><li>The Worker is enslaved by the Capitalist, though at first, he or she does not know it </li></ul><ul><li>The Worker wakes from a “False Consciousness” </li></ul><ul><li>The Dialectic turns… </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing the classless society </li></ul>
  8. 9. Bourgeois-Proletariat Dialectic <ul><li>The Worker is enslaved by the Capitalist, though at first, he or she does not know it </li></ul><ul><li>The Worker wakes from a “False Consciousness” </li></ul><ul><li>The Dialectic turns… </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing the classless society </li></ul>
  9. 10. Bourgeois-Proletariat Dialectic <ul><li>The Worker is enslaved by the Capitalist, though at first, he or she does not know it </li></ul><ul><li>The Worker wakes from a “False Consciousness” </li></ul><ul><li>The Dialectic turns… </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing the classless society </li></ul>
  10. 11. Bourgeois-Proletariat Dialectic <ul><li>The Worker is enslaved by the Capitalist, though at first, he or she does not know it </li></ul><ul><li>The Worker wakes from a “False Consciousness” </li></ul><ul><li>The Dialectic turns… </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing the classless society </li></ul>
  11. 12. The Revolutionary Sequence COMMUNISM WITHERING AWAY OF THE STATE DICTATORSHIP OF THE PROLETARIAT SEIZURE OF STATE POWER REVOLUTIONARY CLASS CONSCIOUSNESS IMMISERATION OF THE PROLETARIAT ECONOMIC CRISES
  12. 13. The Marxist View of Freedom (Ball and Dagger, “Socialism and Communism: More to Marx”) OBSTACLE: Class divisions, economic inequalities, unequal life chances, “False Consciousness&quot; AGENT: Common/ Working People; The proletariat GOAL: Fulfillment of human potential and needs
  13. 14. Marxism as an ideology
  14. 15. Explanation
  15. 16. Evaluation
  16. 17. Orientation
  17. 18. Political Program
  18. 20. Architecture vs. Capitalism
  19. 21. Source: www.kellysue.com
  20. 22. “ Capitalism, he discovered, produced only ugly, pretentious luxury goods for slave owners and ugly, shoddy goods for slaves.” - A.L. Morton
  21. 23. The Arts & Crafts Movement
  22. 24. “ I have tried to produce goods which should be genuine as far as their mere substances are concerned, and should have on that account the primary beauty in them which belongs to naturally treated substances.” William Morris
  23. 25. Artistic Criticism Social Criticism
  24. 26. Morris Transforms
  25. 27. Morris’ Marxism
  26. 28. The problem of political action: “Making Marxists”
  27. 29. Morris’ Principles <ul><li>It is right and necessary that all men should have work to do which shall be worth doing, and be of itself pleasant to do; and which should be done under such conditions as would make it neither over-wearisome nor over-anxious. </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing should be made by men’s labour which is not worth making; or which must be made by labour degrading to the makers. </li></ul>
  28. 30. Morris’ Principles <ul><li>It is right and necessary that all men should have work to do which shall be worth doing, and be of itself pleasant to do; and which should be done under such conditions as would make it neither over-wearisome nor over-anxious. </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing should be made by men’s labour which is not worth making; or which must be made by labour degrading to the makers. </li></ul>
  29. 31. Morris’ Principles <ul><li>No one who is willing to work should ever fear want of such employment as would earn for him all due necessities of mind and body. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Honourable and fitting work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decency of Surroundings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leisure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It is NECESSARY to human well-being that “In a well ordered state of Society every man willing to work should be ensured honourable and fitting work, a healthy and beautiful house, and full leisure for mind and body.” </li></ul>
  30. 32. Morris’ Principles <ul><li>No one who is willing to work should ever fear want of such employment as would earn for him all due necessities of mind and body. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Honourable and fitting work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decency of Surroundings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leisure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It is NECESSARY to human well-being that “In a well ordered state of Society every man willing to work should be ensured honourable and fitting work, a healthy and beautiful house, and full leisure for mind and body.” </li></ul>
  31. 34. Lenin’s Contributions to Marxism
  32. 35. Vanguard Party
  33. 36. Marx vs. Lenin
  34. 37. The Party’s chief role is to agitate, organize, and educate the workers, teaching them where their “true” interests lie, i.e., overcome False Consciousness.
  35. 38. The Intellectuals MUST Lead!
  36. 39. No faith in the “working-class mentality”
  37. 40. Imperialism
  38. 41. Four Conclusions: <ul><li>Confirmed his suspicions and hatred of the “revisionist” Marxists who proposed gradual change by working through parties within the current system. </li></ul><ul><li>Members of the working-class in the West have been infected with a “trade union mentality,” in effect becoming “bourgeoisie” themselves, and unreliable for bringing the Marxian revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>The (Vanguard) Party plays the indispensable role of raising the consciousness of the working class. </li></ul><ul><li>The revolution will come FIRST to those areas most immiserated and led by an active vanguard party. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instead of coming first to the most developed capitalist countries as Marx expected, Lenin said it will begin in the more backward nations, e.g., Russia and China. </li></ul></ul>
  39. 42. Four Conclusions: <ul><li>Confirmed his suspicions and hatred of the “revisionist” Marxists who proposed gradual change by working through parties within the current system. </li></ul><ul><li>Members of the working-class in the West have been infected with a “trade union mentality,” in effect becoming “bourgeoisie” themselves, and unreliable for bringing the Marxian revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>The (Vanguard) Party plays the indispensable role of raising the consciousness of the working class. </li></ul><ul><li>The revolution will come FIRST to those areas most immiserated and led by an active vanguard party. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instead of coming first to the most developed capitalist countries as Marx expected, Lenin said it will begin in the more backward nations, e.g., Russia and China. </li></ul></ul>
  40. 43. Four Conclusions: <ul><li>Confirmed his suspicions and hatred of the “revisionist” Marxists who proposed gradual change by working through parties within the current system. </li></ul><ul><li>Members of the working-class in the West have been infected with a “trade union mentality,” in effect becoming “bourgeoisie” themselves, and unreliable for bringing the Marxian revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>The (Vanguard) Party plays the indispensable role of raising the consciousness of the working class. </li></ul><ul><li>The revolution will come FIRST to those areas most immiserated and led by an active vanguard party. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instead of coming first to the most developed capitalist countries as Marx expected, Lenin said it will begin in the more backward nations, e.g., Russia and China. </li></ul></ul>
  41. 44. Four Conclusions: <ul><li>Confirmed his suspicions and hatred of the “revisionist” Marxists who proposed gradual change by working through parties within the current system. </li></ul><ul><li>Members of the working-class in the West have been infected with a “trade union mentality,” in effect becoming “bourgeoisie” themselves, and unreliable for bringing the Marxian revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>The (Vanguard) Party plays the indispensable role of raising the consciousness of the working class. </li></ul><ul><li>The revolution will come FIRST to those areas most immiserated and led by an active vanguard party. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instead of coming first to the most developed capitalist countries as Marx expected, Lenin said it will begin in the more backward nations, e.g., Russia and China. </li></ul></ul>
  42. 45. Four Conclusions: <ul><li>Confirmed his suspicions and hatred of the “revisionist” Marxists who proposed gradual change by working through parties within the current system. </li></ul><ul><li>Members of the working-class in the West have been infected with a “trade union mentality,” in effect becoming “bourgeoisie” themselves, and unreliable for bringing the Marxian revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>The (Vanguard) Party plays the indispensable role of raising the consciousness of the working class. </li></ul><ul><li>The revolution will come FIRST to those areas most immiserated and led by an active vanguard party. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instead of coming first to the most developed capitalist countries as Marx expected, Lenin said it will begin in the more backward nations, e.g., Russia and China. </li></ul></ul>
  43. 47. Maoism: Marxism “through a glass, darkly”
  44. 48. Heavily influenced by Lenin’s Imperialism
  45. 49. Mao proposed to rely on the Chinese agrarian peasantry for 2 reasons: <ul><li>Poor peasant farmers were an overwhelming majority of the Chinese population, and if organized and mobilized, would provide an almost irresistible force. </li></ul><ul><li>They were the poorest and most oppressed segment of the population. They had nothing to lose but everything to gain from revolution against their oppressors. </li></ul>
  46. 50. Mao proposed to rely on the Chinese agrarian peasantry for 2 reasons: <ul><li>Poor peasant farmers were an overwhelming majority of the Chinese population, and if organized and mobilized, would provide an almost irresistible force. </li></ul><ul><li>They were the poorest and most oppressed segment of the population. They had nothing to lose but everything to gain from revolution against their oppressors. </li></ul>
  47. 51. Urban Proletariat Peasantry
  48. 52. Mao vs. Marx <ul><li>Subjective Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Consciousness </li></ul><ul><li>Political Will </li></ul><ul><li>Material or Objective Conditions </li></ul>
  49. 53. The Class Struggle recast…
  50. 54. Importance of the Vanguard Party

×