Today's Complex System and Chinese Philosophy

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Today's Complex System and Chinese Philosophy

  1. 1. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />1<br />宏觀認識易經與管理—複雜系統A Holistic View of “Book of Change” & Management -- Perspective from &quot;Complex System&quot;<br />Wesley Shu 粟四維, Ph.D.<br />
  2. 2. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />2<br />廿一世紀科學文明管理發展的特徵<br />從微觀的研究模式到宏觀的思考模式<br />從左腦到右腦<br />從垂直思考到水平思考<br />From “thesis” to “synthesis”<br />From “content” to “context”<br />
  3. 3. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />3<br />廿一世紀科學文明管理發展的特徵<br />From “pattern” to “situation”<br />From “centralization” to “decentralization”<br />From “hierarchical” to “flat”<br />Complex System<br />易經<br />
  4. 4. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />4<br />Complex System 複雜系統<br />複雜系統就是由多個簡單的個體,彼此依據某種規則,進行智能性或適應性的選擇,所形成的一個系統<br />
  5. 5. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />5<br />Complex System 複雜系統<br />e.g.,<br />Water<br />Economy <br />Biology<br />
  6. 6. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />6<br />上善若水<br />河流是有生命的﹐而河流的變遷﹐包括流速﹑河道﹑沖積等等﹐所依據的原則就是河流本身不斷尋求最小的能量損耗 <br />Complex System 複雜系統<br />
  7. 7. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />7<br />經濟<br />Keynes’ Invisible Hand<br />Adam Smith’s Laiser Fair Laiser Passer<br />Profit Maximization<br />Complex System 複雜系統<br />
  8. 8. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />8<br />Biology<br />Structure of Protein <br />Protein crystalization is very difficult<br />But such gigantic structures decide their functions in human bodies<br />Complex System 複雜系統<br />
  9. 9. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />9<br />Principle of Complex System<br />Complex System 複雜系統<br />(2)<br />(1)<br />delay = 15<br />delay = 15<br />
  10. 10. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />10<br />Principle of Complex System<br />Complex System 複雜系統<br />
  11. 11. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />11<br />Principle of Complex System<br />Complex System 複雜系統<br />老子道德經十八章<br />道之為物,惟恍惟惚。 <br />惚兮恍兮,其中有象。<br />恍兮惚兮,其中有物。<br />窈兮冥兮,其中有精。<br />其精甚真,其中有信。<br />莊子「道術恐為天下裂」 <br />
  12. 12. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />12<br />複雜系統 易經<br />變易、不易、簡易<br />鄭玄:「易一名而含三義﹕易簡、一也。變易、二也。不易、三也。」<br />
  13. 13. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />13<br />This PPT Template<br />Works by Leonardo Da Vinci<br />Integration of art and science<br />了解易經與管理,需有藝術心靈與性靈<br />而不是將極為世俗的管理技巧穿鑿附會於易經的哲理<br />或以偽科學故弄玄虛<br />
  14. 14. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />14<br />Hagel’s Dialect<br />Synthesis<br />Thesis<br />Antithesis<br />Synthesis<br />Thesis<br />Antithesis<br />Thesis<br />
  15. 15. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />15<br />易經的正反合<br />坤<br />乾<br />…<br />未濟<br />既濟<br />
  16. 16. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />16<br />太極的正反合<br />圓融相合<br />理事無礙<br />陽中有陰,陰中有陽<br />陽為陰生,陰為陽生<br />
  17. 17. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />17<br />太極的演化<br />太極生兩儀<br />兩儀生四象<br />四象生八卦<br />八卦生六十四爻<br /><ul><li>由量變而質變,由單一而複雜</li></li></ul><li>2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />18<br />元﹑亨﹑利﹑貞 <br />【卦辭】乾。元、亨、利、貞。<br />易經的本體論,宇宙論,認識論,目的論<br />是管理的根本,也是未來管理的重點<br />孔子註解易經乾卦的文言傳<br />
  18. 18. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />19<br />元﹑亨﹑利﹑貞 <br />元者,善之長也﹔<br />亨者,嘉之會也﹔<br />利者,義之和也﹔<br />貞者,事之幹也。 <br />
  19. 19. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />20<br />元﹑亨﹑利﹑貞 <br />君子<br />體仁,足以長人﹔<br />嘉會,足以合禮﹔ <br />利物,足以和義﹔<br />貞固,足以幹事。 <br />
  20. 20. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />21<br />元﹑亨﹑利﹑貞 <br />君子行此四德者,故曰:乾:元亨利貞。<br />
  21. 21. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />22<br />今人嚴新對元亨利貞的解釋<br />元者﹐善之長也﹐生命創造與孕育之本體所在﹐故為生命之本也﹑始也﹑生也﹐乃一動力系統﹐大也。 <br /><ul><li>天之大德曰生
  22. 22. 方東美:生生之德</li></li></ul><li>2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />23<br />今人嚴新對元亨利貞的解釋<br />亨者﹐嘉之會也﹐生命創始與孕育的宇宙﹐故為生命之通也﹑達也﹑中易也﹐乃一運作系統﹐故達。<br />
  23. 23. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />24<br />今人嚴新對元亨利貞的解釋<br />利者﹐義之和也﹐生命創造與孕育的知識﹐故為生命之宜也﹑和也﹑敦也﹐乃一功效系統﹐故深。<br />
  24. 24. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />25<br />今人嚴新對元亨利貞的解釋<br />貞者﹐事之幹也﹐生命創造與孕育的價值﹐故生命之正也﹑故也﹑永也﹐乃一目的系統﹐故久。<br />
  25. 25. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />26<br />究天人之際,通古今之變<br />Universality versus specificity<br />Heavenly and secular world<br />Ancient and modern<br />Constance and change<br />
  26. 26. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />27<br />現有科學<br />現象﹑問題<br />找出原理<br />根據原理尋求解決個別問題的方法<br />成功解決問題<br />
  27. 27. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />28<br />現有科學<br />河流如何變遷演變<br />河流本身不斷尋求最小的能量損耗<br />每條河流不一樣的地貌環境有著不一樣解決問題的方式<br />透過計算﹐成功地為水壩的興建和廢棄﹑河流氾濫的可能性﹑河流附近開墾所造成的可能影響﹑河道的人為改造﹐提出具體而簡潔的建議或方案<br />
  28. 28. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />29<br />中國科學<br />現象﹑問題<br />成功解決問題<br />找出原理<br />根據原理尋求解決個別問題的方法<br />
  29. 29. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />30<br />中國科學<br />蛋白質如何結晶<br />外氣讓蛋白質在常態條件下結晶<br />有序化<br />?<br />
  30. 30. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />31<br />劍道的三個境界<br />劍即是人,人即是劍。即使一根芒草也可以成為殺人利器<br />手中無劍,劍在心中,制敵於意念之間<br />手中無劍,心中也無劍,歸於大同<br />
  31. 31. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />32<br />劍道的三個境界<br />老子三十九章<br />昔之得一者﹐天得一以清﹐地得一以寧﹐神得一以靈﹐谷得一以盈﹐萬物得一以生﹐侯王得一以為天下貞<br />
  32. 32. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />33<br />與現代管理的穿鑿附會<br />CRM – 易經致廣大而盡精微,極高明而道中庸 – get inside the lives of your customers, HBR May 2001<br />KM – 古者庖犧氏之王天下也,仰則觀象於天,俯則觀法於地,視鳥獸之文與地之宜,近取諸身﹐遠取諸物﹐於是始作八卦﹐以通神明之德﹐以類萬物之情<br />
  33. 33. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />34<br />與現代管理的穿鑿附會<br />Strategic Management – 一陰一陽之謂道<br />Change Management – 王弼《周易略例》﹕故觀變動者存乎應,察安危者存乎位,辨逆順者存乎承乘,明出處者存乎內外,遠近始終各存其會,辟險尚遠趣時貴近<br />
  34. 34. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />35<br />與現代管理的穿鑿附會<br />Abstraction and realization<br />Phase and pattern<br />Situational and contextual thinking<br />Growth model<br />Innovation and creativity – dialectical and symbolic thinking<br />
  35. 35. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />36<br />與現代管理的穿鑿附會<br />Synergy<br />Mission – 大哉乾元,萬物資始,乃統天<br />Et cetera!<br />六十四卦(hexagrams)和各種 taxonomy 配合,如Project Management<br />
  36. 36. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />37<br />與未來管理的關係<br />時間有序化,空間有序化,功能有序化<br />視企業為生命體,有機體: evolution/revolution<br />Adhocracy: keep a status for the above mechanism to emerge and diffuse<br />Ichingocracy: activate such mechanism<br />萬曆十五年<br />
  37. 37. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />38<br />與未來管理的關係<br />了解企業的本體,目的,認識,功能<br />複雜系統<br />中國哲學的科學實踐<br />
  38. 38. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />39<br />今人陳明德論”變”<br />不變者惟變而已矣! Change is the only constant!<br />知變之兆而能覺之 Sense the change is coming and is alerted by some subtle signs<br />知變之常而能革之 Knowing that change is a common phenomenon and is willing to change<br />
  39. 39. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />40<br />今人陳明德論”變”<br />知變之勢而能乘之 Take advantages of the trends<br />知變之機而能決之 Can decide the major levers for changes<br />知變之劇而能化之 Can reduce the dramatic changes with a smooth implementation plan<br />知變之妙而能通之 Master all the intricacies throughout the change process<br />
  40. 40. 2009/12/31<br />Copyright by Wesley Shu<br />41<br />今人陳明德論”變”<br />通變者君子之智也! Have wisdom to become a change master!<br />居變者君子之德也! Maintain the virtue and ethical standards during changing time and crisis!<br />

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