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Today's Complex System and Chinese Philosophy

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  • 1. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    1
    宏觀認識易經與管理—複雜系統A Holistic View of “Book of Change” & Management -- Perspective from "Complex System"
    Wesley Shu 粟四維, Ph.D.
  • 2. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    2
    廿一世紀科學文明管理發展的特徵
    從微觀的研究模式到宏觀的思考模式
    從左腦到右腦
    從垂直思考到水平思考
    From “thesis” to “synthesis”
    From “content” to “context”
  • 3. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    3
    廿一世紀科學文明管理發展的特徵
    From “pattern” to “situation”
    From “centralization” to “decentralization”
    From “hierarchical” to “flat”
    Complex System
    易經
  • 4. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    4
    Complex System 複雜系統
    複雜系統就是由多個簡單的個體,彼此依據某種規則,進行智能性或適應性的選擇,所形成的一個系統
  • 5. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    5
    Complex System 複雜系統
    e.g.,
    Water
    Economy
    Biology
  • 6. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    6
    上善若水
    河流是有生命的﹐而河流的變遷﹐包括流速﹑河道﹑沖積等等﹐所依據的原則就是河流本身不斷尋求最小的能量損耗
    Complex System 複雜系統
  • 7. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    7
    經濟
    Keynes’ Invisible Hand
    Adam Smith’s Laiser Fair Laiser Passer
    Profit Maximization
    Complex System 複雜系統
  • 8. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    8
    Biology
    Structure of Protein
    Protein crystalization is very difficult
    But such gigantic structures decide their functions in human bodies
    Complex System 複雜系統
  • 9. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    9
    Principle of Complex System
    Complex System 複雜系統
    (2)
    (1)
    delay = 15
    delay = 15
  • 10. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    10
    Principle of Complex System
    Complex System 複雜系統
  • 11. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    11
    Principle of Complex System
    Complex System 複雜系統
    老子道德經十八章
    道之為物,惟恍惟惚。
    惚兮恍兮,其中有象。
    恍兮惚兮,其中有物。
    窈兮冥兮,其中有精。
    其精甚真,其中有信。
    莊子「道術恐為天下裂」
  • 12. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    12
    複雜系統 易經
    變易、不易、簡易
    鄭玄:「易一名而含三義﹕易簡、一也。變易、二也。不易、三也。」
  • 13. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    13
    This PPT Template
    Works by Leonardo Da Vinci
    Integration of art and science
    了解易經與管理,需有藝術心靈與性靈
    而不是將極為世俗的管理技巧穿鑿附會於易經的哲理
    或以偽科學故弄玄虛
  • 14. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    14
    Hagel’s Dialect
    Synthesis
    Thesis
    Antithesis
    Synthesis
    Thesis
    Antithesis
    Thesis
  • 15. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    15
    易經的正反合



    未濟
    既濟
  • 16. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    16
    太極的正反合
    圓融相合
    理事無礙
    陽中有陰,陰中有陽
    陽為陰生,陰為陽生
  • 17. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    17
    太極的演化
    太極生兩儀
    兩儀生四象
    四象生八卦
    八卦生六十四爻
    • 由量變而質變,由單一而複雜
  • 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    18
    元﹑亨﹑利﹑貞
    【卦辭】乾。元、亨、利、貞。
    易經的本體論,宇宙論,認識論,目的論
    是管理的根本,也是未來管理的重點
    孔子註解易經乾卦的文言傳
  • 18. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    19
    元﹑亨﹑利﹑貞
    元者,善之長也﹔
    亨者,嘉之會也﹔
    利者,義之和也﹔
    貞者,事之幹也。
  • 19. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    20
    元﹑亨﹑利﹑貞
    君子
    體仁,足以長人﹔
    嘉會,足以合禮﹔
    利物,足以和義﹔
    貞固,足以幹事。
  • 20. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    21
    元﹑亨﹑利﹑貞
    君子行此四德者,故曰:乾:元亨利貞。
  • 21. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    22
    今人嚴新對元亨利貞的解釋
    元者﹐善之長也﹐生命創造與孕育之本體所在﹐故為生命之本也﹑始也﹑生也﹐乃一動力系統﹐大也。 
    • 天之大德曰生
    • 22. 方東美:生生之德
  • 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    23
    今人嚴新對元亨利貞的解釋
    亨者﹐嘉之會也﹐生命創始與孕育的宇宙﹐故為生命之通也﹑達也﹑中易也﹐乃一運作系統﹐故達。
  • 23. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    24
    今人嚴新對元亨利貞的解釋
    利者﹐義之和也﹐生命創造與孕育的知識﹐故為生命之宜也﹑和也﹑敦也﹐乃一功效系統﹐故深。
  • 24. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    25
    今人嚴新對元亨利貞的解釋
    貞者﹐事之幹也﹐生命創造與孕育的價值﹐故生命之正也﹑故也﹑永也﹐乃一目的系統﹐故久。
  • 25. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    26
    究天人之際,通古今之變
    Universality versus specificity
    Heavenly and secular world
    Ancient and modern
    Constance and change
  • 26. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    27
    現有科學
    現象﹑問題
    找出原理
    根據原理尋求解決個別問題的方法
    成功解決問題
  • 27. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    28
    現有科學
    河流如何變遷演變
    河流本身不斷尋求最小的能量損耗
    每條河流不一樣的地貌環境有著不一樣解決問題的方式
    透過計算﹐成功地為水壩的興建和廢棄﹑河流氾濫的可能性﹑河流附近開墾所造成的可能影響﹑河道的人為改造﹐提出具體而簡潔的建議或方案
  • 28. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    29
    中國科學
    現象﹑問題
    成功解決問題
    找出原理
    根據原理尋求解決個別問題的方法
  • 29. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    30
    中國科學
    蛋白質如何結晶
    外氣讓蛋白質在常態條件下結晶
    有序化
    ?
  • 30. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    31
    劍道的三個境界
    劍即是人,人即是劍。即使一根芒草也可以成為殺人利器
    手中無劍,劍在心中,制敵於意念之間
    手中無劍,心中也無劍,歸於大同
  • 31. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    32
    劍道的三個境界
    老子三十九章
    昔之得一者﹐天得一以清﹐地得一以寧﹐神得一以靈﹐谷得一以盈﹐萬物得一以生﹐侯王得一以為天下貞
  • 32. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    33
    與現代管理的穿鑿附會
    CRM – 易經致廣大而盡精微,極高明而道中庸 – get inside the lives of your customers, HBR May 2001
    KM – 古者庖犧氏之王天下也,仰則觀象於天,俯則觀法於地,視鳥獸之文與地之宜,近取諸身﹐遠取諸物﹐於是始作八卦﹐以通神明之德﹐以類萬物之情
  • 33. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    34
    與現代管理的穿鑿附會
    Strategic Management – 一陰一陽之謂道
    Change Management – 王弼《周易略例》﹕故觀變動者存乎應,察安危者存乎位,辨逆順者存乎承乘,明出處者存乎內外,遠近始終各存其會,辟險尚遠趣時貴近
  • 34. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    35
    與現代管理的穿鑿附會
    Abstraction and realization
    Phase and pattern
    Situational and contextual thinking
    Growth model
    Innovation and creativity – dialectical and symbolic thinking
  • 35. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    36
    與現代管理的穿鑿附會
    Synergy
    Mission – 大哉乾元,萬物資始,乃統天
    Et cetera!
    六十四卦(hexagrams)和各種 taxonomy 配合,如Project Management
  • 36. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    37
    與未來管理的關係
    時間有序化,空間有序化,功能有序化
    視企業為生命體,有機體: evolution/revolution
    Adhocracy: keep a status for the above mechanism to emerge and diffuse
    Ichingocracy: activate such mechanism
    萬曆十五年
  • 37. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    38
    與未來管理的關係
    了解企業的本體,目的,認識,功能
    複雜系統
    中國哲學的科學實踐
  • 38. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    39
    今人陳明德論”變”
    不變者惟變而已矣! Change is the only constant!
    知變之兆而能覺之 Sense the change is coming and is alerted by some subtle signs
    知變之常而能革之 Knowing that change is a common phenomenon and is willing to change
  • 39. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    40
    今人陳明德論”變”
    知變之勢而能乘之 Take advantages of the trends
    知變之機而能決之 Can decide the major levers for changes
    知變之劇而能化之 Can reduce the dramatic changes with a smooth implementation plan
    知變之妙而能通之 Master all the intricacies throughout the change process
  • 40. 2009/12/31
    Copyright by Wesley Shu
    41
    今人陳明德論”變”
    通變者君子之智也! Have wisdom to become a change master!
    居變者君子之德也! Maintain the virtue and ethical standards during changing time and crisis!