We are different and unique. We are not our parents… Pearl S. Buck, (1892-1973), recipient of the Pulitzer Prize in 1932 and of the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1938, said the following about Highly Sensitive People (HSP, K. Jung ~ 5%-10%):"The truly creative mind in any field is no more than this:A human creature born abnormally, inhumanly sensitive.To him... a touch is a blow,a sound is a noise,a misfortune is a tragedy,a joy is an ecstasy,a friend is a lover,a lover is a god,and failure is death.Add to this cruelly delicate organism the overpowering necessity to create, create, create - - - so that without the creating of music or poetry or books or buildings or something of meaning, his very breath is cut off from him. He must create, must pour out creation. By some strange, unknown, inward urgency he is not really alive unless he is creating." - Pearl S. Buck http://healing.about.com/od/empathic/a/HSP_hallowes.htm http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1938/buck-bio.html
Electroencephalogram (EEG) of an awake subject and of subjects in Stages 1, 2, (3), 4, and REM sleep. Alpha waves ~ 8-13 Hz (Hertz = cycles/sec) Beta waves ~ 13 Hz or higher up to 30 Theta waves ~ 4-7 Hz Delta waves ~ lower than 4 Hz REM is also called paradoxical sleep: b/c the person is most difficult to awaken. (Stage 3, not shown, very low-frequency delta waves and occasional sleep spindles.)
Abdominal breathing or “baby” breathing and our Health
Diaphragmatic Breathing for Relaxation (remove tension)
Slow breathing (do not hyperventilate!)
Better circulation (blood flow, lymphatic)
http://www.swamij.com/breath.htm Breath is a bridge between the body and the mind. When trying to meditate it is extremely common to have tension in the muscles and noisy thoughts in the mind. The nervous system is the arbiter between the tense body and the noisy mind. One of the best ways to regulate that nervous system, and in turn the body and mind, is through the breath. This has been known by the Yogis for thousands of years, and has also come to be widely known in recent years by the modern medical and psychological community. Value ofSohamand breath> to train the breath, and in turn, regulate the nervous system, relax the body, and quiet the mind is through Soham mantra practiced at a steady, slow speed, with exhalation somewhat longer in duration than the inhalation. The soham mantra has been called the universal mantra because of the fact that its vibration is already a part of the breath, and everybody breathes. Sooooo... is the sound of inhalation, and Hummmm... is the sound of exhalation.
The 8 limbs of Raja Yoga (Details I) Yama (social code) Niyama (personal code) Asanas (postures) Pranayama (control of breathing/prana > life-force) Pratyahara (withdrawal of the senses) Dharana (concentration) Dhyana (meditation) Samadhi (transcendental/higher consciousness)
The 8 limbs of Raja Yoga (Details II) 1. Yama Social code (social behaviors with 5 moral principles): non-violence/do not harm any creature – anything (ahisma) Truth and honesty – “non gossiping” (satya) Non stealing (material or intangibles) (asteya) Non lust (sexual relationships should be “divine” (bramacharya) Non possessiveness – live a simple life (Do you really need more material things?) (aporigraha) 2. Niyama Personal code (inner discipline and responsibility with 5 principles): Purity (body is your temple, keep it and your environment clean) (shanca) Contentment (be happy with what you have and what you are, be grateful, focus on the moment (santosha) Austerity (self-discipline in body, speech and mind (tapas) Study sacred text (books that are relevant and inspiring to you, education an change outlook on life (svadhyaya) Living with/on awareness of the Divine (devotion to God/Buddha/Universe, what is Divine for you? (ishvara-pronidhana)
The Eightfold Path (Details I): The Buddha's Eightfold Pathconsists of: Panna/Prajna:Discernment, wisdom: 1) Sammaditthi Right Understanding of the Four Noble Truths 2) Sammasankappa: Right thinking; following the right path in life Sila: Virtue, morality: 3) Sammavaca: Right speech: no lying, criticism, condemning, gossip, harsh language 4) Sammakammanta Right conduct by following the Five Precepts 5) Sammaajiva: Right livelihood; support yourself without harming others Samadhi:Concentration, meditation: 6) Sammavayama Right Effort: promote good thoughts; conquer evil thoughts 7) Samma sati Right Mindfulness: Become aware of your body, mind and feelings 8) Sammasamadhi Right Concentration: Meditate to achieve a higher state of consciousness
The Buddha's Eightfold Path (Details II) The Four Noble Truths: The Buddha's Four Noble Truths> human suffering. Simplified description: Dukkha:Suffering exists: (Suffering is real and almost universal. Suffering has many causes: loss, sickness, pain, failure, the impermanence of pleasure.) Samudaya:There is a cause for suffering. (It is the desire to have and control things. It can take many forms: craving of sensual pleasures; the desire for fame; the desire to avoid unpleasant sensations, like fear, anger or jealousy.) Nirodha:There is an end to suffering. (Suffering ceases with the final liberation of Nirvana. The mind experiences complete freedom, liberation and non-attachment. It lets go of any desire or craving.) Magga: In order to end suffering, you must follow the Eightfold Path.
The Buddha's Eightfold Path (Details III) The Five Precepts: These are rules to live by > they are recommendations. Believers are expected to use their own intelligence in deciding exactly how to apply these rules > no punishments/rewards like in other religions > see law of Karma (Universal Law) and karma producing behaviours. Do not kill (this is sometimes translated as "not harming" or an absence of violence) Do not steal (this is generally interpreted as including the avoidance of fraud and economic exploitation) Do not lie (This is sometimes interpreted as including name calling, gossiping,...) Do not misuse sex (for monks and nuns, this means any departure from complete celibacy. For the laity, adultery is forbidden, along with any sexual harassment or exploitation, including that within marriage. The Buddha did not discuss consensual premarital sex within a committed relationship; Buddhist traditions may differ on this…) Do not consume alcohol or other drugs (the main concern here is that intoxicants cloud the mind. Some have included as a drug other methods of divorcing ourselves from reality -e.g. movies, television, the Internet)
“The mediocre teacher tells. The good teacher explains. The superior teacher demonstrates. The great teacher inspires.” William Arthur Ward “One looks back with appreciation to the brilliant teachers, but with gratitude to those who touched our human feelings. The curriculum is so much necessary raw material, but warmth is the vital element for the growing plant and for the soul of the child.” Carl Jung