Yoga Sutra 8 Limbs


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Yoga Sutra 8 Limbs

  1. 1. The Yoga-sûtra Of Patañjali<br />
  2. 2. Samâdhi-pâdaï<br />Book 1: “Concentration: Its Spiritual Uses”<br />Also interpreted as “Integration” <br />(51 sutras)<br />
  3. 3. Yoga Sutra 1.1<br />atha yogânuåâsanam<br />atha = now<br />yoga = process of yoking; union<br />ânuåâsanam = teaching, exposition<br />NOW, the process of union or yoking is explained<br />
  4. 4. Yogaś citta-vritti-nirodhaḥ Yoga Sutra 1.2<br />yogaï = process of yoking; union<br />citta= consciousness<br />vëtti= patterning, turnings, movements<br />nirodhaï = stilling, cessation, restriction<br />
  5. 5. Yoga Sutra 1.2 Translations<br />Yoga is the restraint of mental modifications<br />Yoga is restraining the mind-stuff (Chitta) from taking various forms (Vrttis) <br />~Swami Vivekananda<br />Union, spiritual consciousness, is gained through control of the versatile psychic nature <br />~Charles Johnson<br /> Chitta is the various processes in the mind, or mind stuff <br />The waves of thought in the Chitta are called Vrtti (literally, “the whirlpool”)<br /> What is thought? Thought is a force, as is gravitation or repulsion. <br />
  6. 6. Purusha <br />Prakriti<br />
  7. 7. Sâdhana-pâdaï<br />Book 2: “Concentration: Its Spiritual Uses”<br />The Path To Realization Or <br />Practice<br />(55 sutras)<br />
  8. 8. Sadhana<br /> Sadhana is the Sanskrit word for &quot;practice&quot; or &quot;discipline&quot;. Here the author outlines two forms of Yoga: Ashtanga Yoga (Eightfold or Eight limbed Yoga) and Kriya Yoga (Action Yoga).<br />Note: Kriya yoga, sometimes called Karma Yoga. In the Bhagavad-Gita, Arjuna is encouraged by Krishna to act without attachment to the results or fruit of action and activity. In other words, Kriya yoga is the yoga of selfless action and service.<br />
  9. 9. The Practice<br />THE ASHTANGA<br />THE 8-LIMBS OF YOGA<br />yama-niyamâsana-prâñâyâma-pratyâhâra-dhârañâ-dhyâna-samâdhayo ‘æøâvaògâni<br />yama = external discipline<br />niyama = internal discipline<br />âsana = posture<br />prâñâyâma = breath regulation<br />pratyâhâra = withdrawal of the senses<br />dhârañâ = concentration<br />dhyana = meditative absorption<br />samâdhayaï = oneness, integration<br />The eight components of yoga are external discipline, internal discipline, posture, breath regulation, concentration, meditative absorption, and integration.<br />
  10. 10.
  11. 11. Ahimsa- “to do no harm…”<br />
  12. 12. Satya<br />
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
  15. 15. Aparigraha “non-grasping”<br />
  16. 16. Niyamas<br />
  17. 17. Saucha“Cleanliness”<br />
  18. 18. Samtosha “Contentment”<br />
  19. 19. Tapas “Heat”<br />
  20. 20.
  21. 21.
  22. 22. Asana II.46<br />
  23. 23. Asana continued II.47<br />
  24. 24. Pranayamaprâñâyâmaï<br /><ul><li>tasmin= in this
  25. 25. sati = existing
  26. 26. svâsa= inhalation
  27. 27. pravâsayoï= exhalation
  28. 28. gati = flow
  29. 29. vicchedaï = cessation, interruption
  30. 30. prâñâyâmaï = breath regulation
  31. 31. With effort relaxing, the flow of inhalation and exhalation can be brought to a standstill; this is called breath regulation.
  32. 32. Sutra II.49</li></li></ul><li>Pranayama (Continued)<br />As the movement patterns of each breath - inhalation, exhalation, lull - are observed as to duration, number, and area of focus, breath becomes spacious and subtle.<br />Sutra II.50<br />As realization dawns, the distinction between breathing in and out falls away.<br />Sutra II.51<br />Then the veil lifts from the mind’s luminosity.<br />Sutra II.52<br />
  33. 33. Pratyahara pratyâhâraï<br />When consciousness interiorizes by uncoupling from external objects, the senses do likewise; this iscalled withdrawal of the senses.<br />sva-visayâsamprayogecittasyasvarûpânukâraivendriyâñâm<br />sva= own<br />visaya= object (of experience), phenomenon<br />asamprayoge= uncoupling<br />cittasya= consciousness<br />sva= own<br />rûpa= form<br />anukâra= imitation, following suit<br />iva= like, thus, as it were<br />indriyâñâm = sensory apparatus<br />pratyâhâraï = withdrawal of the senses<br />
  34. 34. Vibhûti-pâdaïIII. The Extraordinary Powers<br />Progressing<br />
  35. 35. The Extraordinary Powers<br /> Vibhuti is the Sanskrit word for &quot;power&quot; or &quot;manifestation&quot;. ’<br /> Supra-normal powers&apos; (Siddhi) are acquired by the practice of yoga. <br /><ul><li>the entering of another’s soul
  36. 36. ability to fly or move great distances in moments
  37. 37. increase or decrease in size
  38. 38. the ability to acquire great wealth with little effort </li></ul> Disclaimer: The temptation of these powers should be avoided and the attention should be fixed only on liberation.<br />
  39. 39. Kaivalya Pada (34 sutras)<br />Kaivalya literally means &quot;isolation&quot;, however the SutrasKaivalya means emancipation or liberation, which is the goal of Yoga <br />Moksha(liberation)<br />Jivamukti(one who has attained Moksha).<br />The Kaivalya Pada describes the nature of liberation and the reality of the transcendental self.<br />Think Samadhi<br />