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Hatha yoga gandhar

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Hatha yoga gandhar

  1. 1. Hatha Yoga A Science of Body purification and awakening of Pranic energy.
  2. 2. Hatha - Science of Body – Mind Balance <ul><li>Ha – Pingala nadi or sun principle </li></ul><ul><li>Tha – Ida nadi or moon principle </li></ul><ul><li>Hatha is balance between Pingala and Ida </li></ul><ul><li>Nadi is Pranic Energy channel or passage </li></ul><ul><li>Pingala </li></ul><ul><li>Right nostril </li></ul><ul><li>Sun / Male principle </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Represents Body </li></ul><ul><li>Ida </li></ul><ul><li>Left nostril </li></ul><ul><li>Moon / female </li></ul><ul><li>Mental Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Represents Mind </li></ul>
  3. 3. Balance of Body & Mind <ul><li>Imbalance of physical and mental energies is state of disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Imbalance is due to blockages in the ‘nadis’ or energy passages. </li></ul><ul><li>Aim of Hatha Yoga - Purification of this ‘nadis’ or energy passages. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Origin of Hatha Yoga <ul><li>Origin in Tantras </li></ul><ul><li>Development in 6 th century AD to 15 th Century AD </li></ul><ul><li>Founded by Great Sage Matsyendranath and his disciple Gorakshanath. </li></ul><ul><li>Reference books </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hatha Yoga Pradipika – Swami Swatmaram </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gheranda Samhita – Sage Gheranda </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goraksha Satakam – Guru Gorakshanath </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shiva Samhita </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yoga Taravali – Sage Adi Shankaracharya </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Contents of Hatha Yoga <ul><li>Shatkarmas – 6 cleansing techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Asanas – body postures </li></ul><ul><li>Pranayama – control of prana / breath </li></ul><ul><li>Mudras – psychic gestures (inducing mental attitudes) </li></ul><ul><li>Bandhas – Energy locks </li></ul>
  6. 6. Shatkarma – Cleansing tech. <ul><li>To remove accumulated toxins in the body. </li></ul><ul><li>Homeostasis – Balance of entire body and mind, especially the Nervous system and endocrine system. </li></ul><ul><li>Removing blockages to Nadis. </li></ul><ul><li>Awakening the psychic faculties. </li></ul>
  7. 7. 6 Shatkarmas <ul><li>Neti – nasal cleansing </li></ul><ul><li>Dhouti – internal cleansing </li></ul><ul><li>Basti – yogic enema </li></ul><ul><li>Nouli – abdominal massage </li></ul><ul><li>Kapalbhati – frontal brain cleansing or cleansing of lungs </li></ul><ul><li>Trataka – cleansing of eyes </li></ul>
  8. 8. Asanas <ul><li>Steady and comfortable postures </li></ul><ul><li>Aim of Asanas is to achieve healthy body and stable mind </li></ul><ul><li>8.4 million asanas </li></ul><ul><li>Most important are 2, Padmasana (Lotus pose) & Siddhasana (Perfect or balance pose) </li></ul><ul><li>Mastery of Asana – maintaining for 3 hours in steady and comfortable way. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Pranayama <ul><li>Pranayama – control & extension of prana (vital force) </li></ul><ul><li>Emotions, desires create blockages in nadis, blockages dissipates energy, aim of pranayama is to clear this blockages. </li></ul><ul><li>8 types of pranayama in Hatha yoga. </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation - Nadi Shodhan or Anuloma Viloma or Alternate nostril breathing (purifying the Pingala & Ida) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Types of Pranayama <ul><li>Surya Bhedan – right nostril breath </li></ul><ul><li>Ujjayi – Victorious breath / psychic breath </li></ul><ul><li>Sitkari – Cooling breath </li></ul><ul><li>Shitali – Cooling breath </li></ul><ul><li>Bhramari – Humming bee breath </li></ul><ul><li>Bhastrika – Bellows breath </li></ul><ul><li>Murchha – Swooning or fainting breath </li></ul><ul><li>Plavini – Gulping breath </li></ul>
  11. 11. Mudras & Bandhas <ul><li>Mudras – Psychic gestures which induce a particular state of mind. </li></ul><ul><li>Bandhas – Pranic Energy locks </li></ul><ul><li>Mudras & Bandhas control the pranic energy, which is awakened with pranayama practice. </li></ul><ul><li>10 Mudras & 3 Bandhas in Hatha Yoga </li></ul><ul><li>Janaldar Bandha – chin lock </li></ul><ul><li>Moola Bandha – root lock </li></ul><ul><li>Uddiyan Bandha – Abdominal lock </li></ul>

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